Discosphaerina fulvida, from Sivanesan (1990).

Belongs within: Dothideomyceta.
Contains: Dothideaceae.

The Pseudoperisporiaceae: fungi on leaves, fungi on fungi
Published 16 May 2016

As has been noted on this site before, the world of microscopic fungi includes a bewildering array of species that may never come to your attention but are in fact all around you. These organisms quietly live out their lives, often serving to break down the refuse that larger organisms such as plants shed over the course of their lives. Sometimes they are not so patient, instead attacking the plant while it is still green and growing. The subjects of today’s post, the Pseudoperisporiaceae, include examples of both.

Leaves of savin juniper Juniperus sabina, with fruiting bodies of the pseudoperisporiaceous fungus Chaetoscutula juniperi visible as black spots, from Tian et al. (2014). Scale bar = 1 mm.

The Pseudoperisporiaceae are a widespread group of minute fungi that are most diverse in the tropical parts of the world. Because of their small size and lack (so far as is known) of significant economic effects, they are rarely noticed and little studied. However, they are by no means rare; in fact, one species in the family, Raciborskiomyces longisetosum, has been shown by molecular studies to be a major component of the soil community (e.g. Valinsky et al. 2002). The majority of members of the family grow on the leaves of plants, either as saprobes on leaf litter or as parasites on live plants. Alternatively, they may be parasites of other fungi, particularly sooty moulds. The more or less globular fruiting bodies (which are at most about 200 µm in size) are superficial on the surface of the host substrate, and are surrounded by a brown mycelium (mass of vegetative strands). Other distinctive features of the family include fusoid-ellipsoid ascospores (i.e. sexually produced reproductive spores) that are minutely warty and have rounded, subacute ends (Tian et al. 2014).

Closer view of fruiting body of Wentiomyces, from Wilk et al. (2014). Note the ostiole towards the lower left, surrounded by bilobed setae. Scale bar = 20 µm.

Pseudoperisporiaceae belong to the class of fungi known as the Dothideomycetes, a major subdivision of the Ascomycetes. Dothideomycetes include the majority of what used to be called the loculoascomycetes, so-called because of the way their fruiting bodies grow. A distinctive hollow, or locule, forms in the vegetative mycelium of the parent fungus, and the fruiting body develops within this hollow. In most Dothideomycetes (including the Pseudoperisporiaceae), the resulting fruiting body is almost entirely closed with a single opening (the ostiole) at the top through which the spores are released. Pseudoperisporiaceae also resemble other Dothideomycetes in having fissitunicate asci: that is, the asci (which are finger-shaped structures inside the fruiting body in which spores are formed) have a double-layered wall, with the outer layer being more rigid than the inner. As the inner layer swells with moisture, it causes the outer layer to split and the spores end up being expelled from the end of the ascus. Dothideomycetes are not the only fungi to show locular development, hence the dropping of loculoascomycetes as a formal group; the Chaetothyriomycetidae also grow their fruiting bodies from locules (Hyde et al. 2013).

The exact relationships of the Pseudoperisporiaceae with other Dothideomycetes remain uncertain; in their review of dothideomycete families, Hyde et al. (2013) left Pseudoperisporiaceae unassigned to an order within the class. Indeed, it is unclear to what extent Pseudoperisporiaceae are even related to themselves. Few members of the family have been studied from a molecular perspective, and those few that have been have not come out in the same place in the dothideomycete family tree. At least one supposed member of the family, the genus Epibryon, turns out not to even be a dothideomycete but is instead a chaetothyriomycete (Stenroos et al. 2010). Not for the first time on this site, I find that a seemingly simple outer morphology may be disguising a much greater diversity.

Systematics of Dothideales
Dothideales [Dothiorales]
| |--Coccoidea Henn. 1900 [incl. Apiodothina Petr. & Cif. 1932, Coccodiscus Henn. 1904 non Haeckel 1862 (ICZN)]KC01
| |--Coccoidella Höhn. 1909 [=Eumycrocyclus Hara 1915; incl. Coccodothella Theiss. & Syd. 1915]KC01
| `--Microxyphium Speg. 1918LK04, KC01
| `--M. citriLK04
| |--Loratospora Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm. 1993KC01
| |--Mycosphaerellopsis Höhn. 1918EB03O, KC01
| |--Planistroma Ramaley 1991 [incl. Piptarthron Mont. ex Höhn. 1918, Septoplaca Petr. 1964]KC01
| |--Planistromella Ramaley 1993 [incl. Kellermania Ellis & Everh. 1885]KC01
| |--Eruptio Barr 1996KC01
| `--Comminutispora Ramaley 1996SH05, KC01 [incl. Hyphospora Ramaley 1996KC01]
| `--C. agavaciensisSH05
| |--Bonaria Bat. 1959KC01
| |--Cyclopeltis Petr. 1953 [incl. Cyclopeltella Petr. 1953]KC01
| |--Dictyopeltella Bat. & Lima 1959KC01
| |--Dictyopeltis Theiss. 1913KC01
| |--Dictyostomiopelta Viégas 1944KC01
| |--‘Dictyothyriella’ Speg. 1924 non Rehm 1914KC01
| |--Dictyothyrina Theiss. 1913KC01
| |--Dictyothyrium Theiss. 1912KC01
| |--Hansfordiopsis Bat. 1959KC01
| |--Haplopeltheca Bat., Bezerra & Cavalc. 1963 [incl. Phaeostomiopeltis Bat. & Cavalc. 1963]KC01
| |--Mendoziopeltis Bat. 1959KC01
| |--Mitopeltis Speg. 1921KC01
| |--Muricopeltis Viégas 1944KC01
| |--Polypedia Bat. & Peres 1959KC01
| |--Stigmatodothis Syd. & Syd. 1914KC01
| |--Stigmatophragmia Tehon & Stout 1929KC01
| |--Stomiopeltis Theiss. 1914 (see below for synonymy)KC01
| |--Stomiopeltopsis Bat. & Cavalc. 1963KC01
| |--Stomiotheca Bat. 1959KC01
| |--Thyriodictyella Cif. 1962KC01
| |--Stomiopeltites Alvin & Muir 1970T93, KC01
| | |--S. amorphos Phipps & Rember 2004PR04
| | `--S. cretacea Alvin & Muir 1970T93
| |--Dictyotopileos Dilcher 1965KC01
| |--Armata Yamam. 1958 non Folin 1875 (ICZN)KC01
| |--Clypeolina Theiss. 1918 non Penard 1902 (ICZN)KC01
| |--Micropeltis Mont. 1842 (see below for synonymy)KC01
| |--Shortensis Dilcher 1965KC01
| `--Chaetothyrina Theiss. 1913 (see below for synonymy)KC01
| `--C. musarumKC01
| |--Aphanostigme Syd. 1926 [incl. Gomezina Chardón & Toro 1934, Somatexis Toro 1934]KC01
| |--Bryochiton Döbbeler & Poelt 1978KC01
| |--Bryomyces Döbbeler 1978KC01
| |--Epibryon Döbbeler 1978KC01
| |--Episphaerella Petr. 1924KC01
| |--Eudimeriolum Speg. 1912 [incl. Astiothyrium Bat. 1964, Ontostheca Bat. 1963]KC01
| |--Keratosphaera Upadhyay 1964EB03O, KC01
| |--Lasiostemma Theiss., Syd. & Syd. 1917 (see below for synonymy)KC01
| |--Myxophora Döbbeler & Poelt 1978EB03O, KC01
| |--Nematostoma Syd. & Syd. 1914 [incl. Ceratosperma Speg. 1918, Dimeriellopsis Stevens 1927]KC01
| |--Nematothecium Syd. & Syd. 1912 [incl. Ophiogene Petr. 1931]KC01
| |--OphiciliomycesEB03O
| |--Phaeostigme Syd. & Syd. 1917 (see below for synonymy)KC01
| |--Phragmeriella Hansf. 1946KC01
| |--Pododimeria Müll. 1959KC01
| |--Toroa Syd. 1926KC01
| |--Wentiomyces Koord. 1907 (see below for synonymy)KC01
| |--Epipolaeum Theiss. & Syd. 1918 [incl. Epiploca Kleb. 1918, Lasiostemmella Petr. 1950, Neodimerium Petr. 1950]KC01
| |--Eumela Syd. 1925KC01
| |--Nematostigma Syd. & Syd. 1913KC01
| |--Lizonia (Ces. & De Not.) De Not. 1864 [incl. Pseudolizonia Pirotta 1889]KC01
| | `--L. emperigoniaKC01
| |--Phaeodimeriella Speg. 1908 (see below for synonymy)KC01
| | `--P. echinulosporaDP72
| |--Raciborskiomyces Siemaszko 1925 [=Chaetyllis Clem. 1931]KC01
| | `--R. longisetosumLK04
| |--Zeta Bat. & Garnier 1961 (n. d.)RS99
| | `--*Z. viticifolii Bat. & Garnier 1961 (n. d.)RS99
| `--Dimerina Theiss. 1912 (see below for synonymy)KC01
| `--D. parasiticaDP72
| i. s.: Botryochora Torrend 1914KC01
| Endodothiora Petr. 1929KC01
| Jaffuela Speg. 1921KC01
| Plowrightia Sacc. 1883 [incl. Elmerococcum Theiss. & Syd. 1915]KC01
| |--P. insculptaLH04
| `--P. ribesiaKC01
| Yoshinagaia Henn. 1904 (see below for synonymy)KC01
|--+--+--Delphinella (Sacc.) Kuntze 1898SS09, KC01 (see below for synonymy)
| | | `--D. strobiligenaSS09
| | `--Sydowia Bres. 1895SS09, KC01 [incl. Pleodothis Clem. 1909KC01, Plowrightiella (Sacc.) Trotter 1926KC01]
| | `--S. polysporaSS09 [incl. Pringsheimia chamaecyparidisYHGE99, Hormonema dematioidesSH05, H. macrosporumYHGE99]
| `--+--DothideaceaeSS09
| `--Dothiora Fr. 1849 (nom. cons.)SS09, KC01 (see below for synonymy)
| |--D. rhamni-alpinaeYHGE99
| `--+--‘Hormonema’ prunorumYHGE99
| `--+--D. cannabinaeYHGE99
| `--D. europaeaYHGE99
`--+--+--Dothichiza Lib. ex Roum. 1880YHGE99, KC01 (see below for synonymy)
| | `--D. pityophilaYHGE99
| `--Saccothecium Fr. 1836KC01 (see below for synonymy)
| |--'Pringsheimia’ euphorbiaeYHGE99
| |--'Pringsheimia’ sepincolaYHGE99
| |--'Pringsheimia’ smilacisYHGE99
| `--‘Metasphaeria’ typhoidesRS99
`--+--Columnosphaeria Munk 1953SS09, KC01 (see below for synonymy)
| |--C. fagiSS09 [=Discosphaerina fagiSS09; incl. *Aureobasidium pullulansYHGE99, SS09]
| | |--C. f. var. fagiYHGE99
| | `--‘Aureobasidium pullulans’ var. aubasidaniYHGE99
| |--‘Polyspora’ liniKC01
| `--‘Aureobasidium’ subglacialeFB20
`--Discosphaerina Höhn. 1917YHGE99, KC01 (see below for synonymy)
|--'Kabatiella’ caulivoraYHGE99
|--D. fulvida [incl. Kabatiella lini]YHGE99
|--'Selenophoma’ mahoniaeYHGE99
|--'*Kabatiella’ microstictaYHGE99
`--'Kabatiella’ zeaeYHGE99

Dothideales incertae sedis:
Hobsoniopsis santessoniiPA-W02
‘Phialocephala’ repensJC03
‘Phialocephala’ scopiformisJC03
Scleroconidioma sphagnicolaSH05
Kabatina Schneid. & Arx 1966YHGE99, KC01
Chmelia Svob.-Pol. 1966YHGE99, KC01
`--C. slovacaYHGE99
Rosenscheldia Speg. 1885 (see below for synonymy)KC01
Achorella Theiss. & Syd. 1915KC01
Acrogenotheca Cif. & Bat. 1963 [incl. Laterotheca Bat. 1963]KC01
Allosoma Syd. 1926KC01
Amylirosa Speg. 1920 (n. d.)KC01
Anthracostroma Petr. 1954 [incl. Camarosporula Petr. 1954]KC01
Mycoglaena Höhn. 1909 (see below for synonymy)KC01
Ascagilis Hyde 1992KC01
Koordersiella Höhn. 1909 (see below for synonymy)KC01
Myriangiopsis Henn. 1902 [incl. Ascomycetella Sacc. 1886 non Peck 1881]KC01
Ascostratum Syd. & Syd. 1912KC01
Bahusakala Subram. 1958KC01
Belizeana Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm. 1987KC01
Biatriospora Hyde & Borse 1986KC01
Bifrontia Norman 1872KC01
Botryohypoxylon Samuels & Rogers 1986 [incl. Iledon Samuels & Rogers 1986]KC01
Brooksia Hansf. 1956 [incl. Capnogonium Bat. & Peres 1961, Hiospira Moore 1962, Overeemia Arnaud 1954]KC01
Bryopelta Döbbeler & Poelt 1978KC01
Bryorella Döbbeler 1978KC01
Bryosphaeria Döbbeler 1978KC01
Bryostroma Döbbeler 1978KC01
`--B. necansKC01
Bryothele Döbbeler 1998KC01
`--*B. mira Döbbeler 1998E99
Buelliella Fink 1935KC01
Byssogene Syd. 1922KC01
Calyptra Theiss. & Syd. 1918KC01
Capillataspora Hyde 1989KC01
‘Capnodinula’ Bat. & Cif. 1963 non Speg. 1918KC01
Caprettia Bat. & Maia 1965KC01
Catulus Malloch & Rogerson 1978 nec Kniphof 1759 (ICZN) nec Smith 1837 (ICZN)KC01
Ceratocarpia Rolland 1896KC01
Cercidospora Körb. 1865 (see below for synonymy)KC01
Cerodothis Muthappa 1969KC01
Kusanobotrys Henn. 1904 [=Chaetobotrys Clem. 1931]KC01
Pyrenostigme Syd. 1926 [incl. Chaetomelanops Petr. 1948, Ciferriomyces Petr. 1932]KC01
Chaetoscutula Müll. 1959KC01
Coccochora Höhn. 1909 [=Coccochorella Höhn. 1910]KC01
Colensoniella Hafellner 1979KC01
Comesella Speg. 1923KC01
Crauatamyces Viégas 1944KC01
Cucurbitariaceites Kar, Singh & Sar 1972KC01
Cyrtidium Vain. 1921KC01
Cyrtidula Minks 1876KC01
Cyrtopsis Vain. 1921KC01
Dangeardiella Sacc. & Syd. 1899KC01
Dermatodothella Viégas 1944KC01
Dermatodothis Racib. ex Theiss. & Syd. 1914 [incl. Phaeophragmocauma Stevens 1931]KC01
Dichomera Cooke 1878KC01
Didymocyrtidium Vain. 1921KC01
Didymocyrtis Vain. 1921 non Haeckel 1862 (ICZN)KC01
Didymopleella Munk 1953KC01
Neopeckia Sacc. 1883 [incl. Didymotrichia Berl. 1893]KC01
Lidophia Walker & Sutton 1974 [=Dilophia Sacc. 1883 non Thomson 1853; incl. Dilophospora Desm. 1840]KC01
`--‘Dilophospora’ alopecuriL02
Diplochorina Gutner 1933KC01
Endococcus Nyl. 1855 [incl. Discothecium Zopf 1897, Pseudoendococcus Marchand 1896, Sorothelia Körb. 1865]KC01
`--E. rugulosusA96
Disculina Höhn. 1916 non Eudes-Deslongchamps 1884 (ICZN) [incl. Macmillanina Kuntze 1898]KC01
Dolabra Booth & Ting 1964KC01
Elmerinula Syd. 1934KC01
Gilletiella Sacc. & Syd. 1899 (see below for synonymy)KC01
Gibberidea Fuckel 1870 [=Gibberinula Kuntze 1898]KC01
Globoa Bat. & Maia 1962KC01
‘Globulina’ Speg. 1888 nec Link 1820 nec d’Orbigny in De la Sagra 1839 (ICZN)KC01
Gloeodiscus Dennis 1961KC01
Grandigallia Barr, Hanlin et al. 1987KC01
Griggsia Stevens & Dalbey 1919KC01
Harknessiella Sacc. 1889KC01
Hassea Zahlbr. 1902KC01
Heleiosa Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & Erikss. 1996KC01
Helicascus Kohlm. 1969KC01
Heptameria Rehm & Thüm. 1879 [incl. Verlotia Fabre 1879]KC01
Heterosphaeriopsis Hafellner 1979KC01
Homostegia Fuckel 1870 [incl. Trematosphaeriopsis Elenkin 1901, Trematosphaeris Clem. & Shear 1931]KC01
Hyalosphaera Stevens 1917KC01 [incl. Dexteria Stevens 1917RS99, Hyalotexis Syd. 1925KC01]
|--*H. miconiae Stevens 1917RS99
`--H. pulchella [=*Dexteria pulchella Stevens 1917]RS99
Hypobryon Döbbeler 1983KC01
Hysteropeltella Petr. 1923KC01
Hysteropsis Rehm 1887KC01
Stigmina Sacc. 1880 (see below for synonymy)KC01
|--*S. plataniBMM99
`--S. carpophilaKC01
Karschia Körb. 1865KC01
Mycoporellum Müll. Arg. 1884 [incl. Keisslerellum Werner 1944 (nom. inv.)]KC01
Kullhemia Karst. 1878KC01
Lanatosphaera Matzer 1996KC01
Lazarenkoa Zerova 1938KC01
Lembosiopeltis Bat. & Bezerra 1967KC01
‘Leptospora’ Rabenh. 1857 non Raf. 1808KC01
Leveillina Theiss & Syd. 1915KC01
Licopolia Sacc., Syd. & Syd. 1900KC01
Limaciniopsis Mend. 1925KC01
Lineolata Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm. 1990KC01
Loculohypoxylon Barr 1976KC01
Lophiosphaerella Hara 1948KC01
Lopholeptosphaeria Sousa da Câmara 1932 (n. d.)KC01
Macrovalsaria Petr. 1962KC01
Massariola Füisting 1868KC01
Megaloseptoria Naumov 1925KC01
Microcyclella Theiss. 1914KC01
Microdothella Syd. & Syd. 1914 [incl. Phaeopolystomella Bat. & Maia 1960]KC01
Monodictys Hughes 1958KC01
`--M. castaneaeIL01
Montagnella Speg. 1881KC01
Moriolomyces Cif. & Tomas. 1953KC01
Mucomassaria Petr. & Cif. 1932KC01
Muellerites Holm 1968KC01
Mycocryptospora Reid & Booth 1987KC01
Mycoporopsis Müll. Arg. 1884KC01
Mycothyridium Petr. 1962 [=Xylosphaeria Otth 1869]KC01
Myriostigmella Arnaud 1952 [=Myriostigma Arnaud 1925 non Kremp. 1874]KC01
Mytilostoma Karst. 1880KC01
Septoriella Oudem. 1889 [incl. Naemostroma Höhn. 1919]KC01
Neoventuria Syd. & Syd. 1919 [=Venturiella Speg. 1909 non Müll. Hal. 1875]KC01
Otthia Nitschke ex Fuckel 1870 [incl. Otthiella (Sacc.) Sacc. & Sacc. 1905]KC01
Paraliomyces Kohlm. 1959KC01
Parmulariella Henn. 1904KC01
Passeriniella Berl. 1891 [incl. Santiella Tassi 1900]KC01
Peroschaeta Bat. & Vital 1957KC01
Phaeocyrtidula Vain. 1921KC01
Phaeoglaena Clem. 1909 (n. d.)KC01
Phaeopeltosphaeria Berl. & Peglion 1892 [=Phaeopeltium Clem. & Shear 1931]KC01
‘Phaeosperma’ Nitschke ex Fuckel 1870 non Nitschke ex Otth 1869KC01
Phaeotomasellia Katum. 1981KC01
Philobryon Döbbeler 1988KC01
Philonectria Hara 1914 [incl. Phragmodimerium Petr. & Cif. 1932]KC01
Phragmoscutella Woron. & Abramov 1926KC01
Phycorella Döbbeler 1980KC01
Physalosporopsis Bat. & Maia 1955KC01
Placosphaeria (De Not.) Sacc. 1880KC01
Placostromella Petr. 1947KC01
Plagiostromella Höhn. 1917KC01
Pleiostomellina Bat., Bezerra & Maia 1964KC01
Pleosphaerellula Naumov & Czerepan. 1952KC01
Pleostigma Kirschst. 1939KC01
Pleotrichiella Sivan. 1984KC01
Polysporidiella Petr. 1960KC01
Polystomellopsis Stevens 1924KC01
Propolina Sacc. 1884KC01
Pseudomorfea Punith. 1981KC01
Pseudopleospora Petr. 1920KC01
Pteridiospora Penz. & Sacc. 1897KC01
Punctillum Petr. & Syd. 1924KC01
Pycnocarpon Theiss. 1913KC01
Pyrenochium Link 1833KC01
Pyrenocyclus Petr. 1955KC01
Racovitziella Döbbeler & Poelt 1978KC01
Robillardiella Takim. 1943 (n. d.)KC01
Rosellinula Sant. 1986KC01
Roumegueria (Sacc.) Henn. 1908KC01
Roussoellopsis Hino & Katum. 1965KC01
Salsuginea Hyde 1991KC01
Scolecobonaria Bat. 1962KC01
Semifissispora Swart 1982KC01
Septonema Corda 1837KC01
Stuartella Fabre 1879 [incl. Bactrodesmium Cooke 1883]KC01
Syrropeltis Bat., Bezerra & Matta 1964KC01
Teratoschaeta Bat. & Fonseca 1967KC01
Thalassoascus Ollivier 1926KC01
Thelenidia Nyl. 1886 [=Thelenidiomyces Cif. & Tomas. 1953]KC01
Thryptospora Petr. 1947KC01
‘Thyrospora’ Kirschst. 1938 non Tehon & Daniels 1925KC01
Tilakiella Srinivas. 1973KC01
Tomeoa Hino 1954KC01
Vizellopsis Bat., Bezerra & Barros 1969KC01
Westea Swart 1988KC01
Yoshinagella Höhn. 1913KC01

Cercidospora Körb. 1865 [incl. Neonorrlinia Syd. 1923, Norrlinia Vain. 1921 non Theiss. & Syd. 1918, Prolisea Clem. 1931, Vainiona Werner 1943]KC01

Chaetothyrina Theiss. 1913 [incl. Ceratochaetopsis Stevens & Weedon 1927, Chaetopeltopsis Theiss. 1913, Plochmopeltidella Mend. 1925, Setopeltis Bat. & Vital 1959]KC01

Columnosphaeria Munk 1953SS09, KC01 [incl. Aureobasidium Viala & Boyer 1891KC01, Aureobasis Clem. & Shear 1931KC01, Dematoidium Stautz 1931KC01, Pachybasidiella Bubák & Syd. 1915KC01, Polyspora Laff. 1921 non Sweet ex Don 1831KC01, Protocoronis Clem. & Shear 1931KC01, Protocoronospora Atk. & Edgerton 1907KC01, Pullularia Berkhout 1923KC01]

Delphinella (Sacc.) Kuntze 1898SS09, KC01 [incl. Diplosphaerella Grove 1912KC01, Hariotia Karst. 1889 non Adans. 1763KC01, Pleoglonis Clem. 1909KC01, Rehmiellopsis Bubák & Kabát 1910KC01]

Dimerina Theiss. 1912 [incl. Chilemyces Speg. 1910, Dimerinopsis Syd. & Syd. 1917, Dimeriopsis Stevens 1917, Pilula Massee 1910, Plactogene Theiss. 1917, Stigme Syd. & Syd. 1917]KC01

Discosphaerina Höhn. 1917YHGE99, KC01 [incl. Colletotrichella Höhn. 1916KC01, Exobasidiopsis Karak. 1922KC01, Falcispora Bubák & Serebrian. 1912KC01, Kabatia Bubák 1904KC01, Kabatiella Bubák 1907KC01, Ludwigiella Petr. 1922KC01, Neopatella Sacc. 1908KC01, Pseudogloeosporium Jacz. 1917KC01, Pseudosarcophoma Urries 1952KC01, Sarcophoma Höhn. 1916KC01, Selenophoma Maire 1907KC01, Selenophomopsis Petr. 1924KC01]

Dothichiza Lib. ex Roum. 1880YHGE99, KC01 [incl. Microphoma Buchw. 1958KC01, Parasclerophoma Petr. 1924KC01, Tylophoma Kleb. 1933KC01]

Dothiora Fr. 1849 (nom. cons.)SS09, KC01 [incl. Jaapia Kirschst. 1938 non Bres. 1911KC01, Keisslerina Petr. 1920KC01, Leptodothiora Höhn. 1918KC01, Stigmea Bonord. 1864 non Fr. 1836KC01]

Gilletiella Sacc. & Syd. 1899 [=Heterochlamys Pat. 1895 non Turcz. 1843; incl. Epibotrys Theiss. & Syd. 1915, Melanochlamys Syd. & Syd. 1914]KC01

Koordersiella Höhn. 1909 [incl. Ascohansfordiellopsis Hawksw. 1979, Hansfordiellopsis Deighton 1960, Phanerococculus Cif. 1954, Phanerococcus Theiss. & Syd. 1918]KC01

Lasiostemma Theiss., Syd. & Syd. 1917 [incl. Chaetosticta Petr. & Syd. 1925, Pseudoperis Clem. & Shear 1931, Pseudoperisporium Toro 1926, Trichocicinnus (Sacc.) Höhn. 1926]KC01

Micropeltis Mont. 1842 [incl. Dictyothyriella Rehm 1914, Hormopeltis Speg. 1912, Micropeltella Syd. & Syd. 1913, Micropeltidium Speg. 1919, Ophiopeltis Almeida & Sousa da Câmara 1903 non Düben & Koren 1846 (ICZN), Parapeltella Speg. 1919, Scolecopeltella Speg. 1923, Scolecopeltis Speg. 1889, Scolecopeltopsis Höhn. 1909, Theciopeltis Stevens & Manter 1925]KC01

Mycoglaena Höhn. 1909 [incl. Arthopyreniella Steiner 1911, Bertossia Cif. & Tomas. 1953, Sampaioa Gonz. Frag. 1923]KC01

Phaeodimeriella Speg. 1908 [=Phaeodimeris Clem. & Shear 1931; incl. Acanthostoma Theiss. 1912 non Kriechbaumer 1895 (ICZN), Chaetostigmella Syd. & Syd. 1917]KC01

Phaeostigme Syd. & Syd. 1917 [incl. Bolosphaera Syd. & Syd. 1917, Episoma Syd. 1925, Phaeocapnodinula Speg. 1924, Porostigme Syd. & Syd. 1917, Pseudodimerium Petr. 1924]KC01

Rosenscheldia Speg. 1885 [=Rosenschoeldia Holm 1968; incl. Acerbia (Sacc.) Sacc. & Syd. 1899, Naumovia Dobrozr. 1928]KC01

Saccothecium Fr. 1836KC01 [incl. Metasphaeria Sacc. 1883KC01, Phaeodothiora Petr. 1948KC01, Pleosphaerulina Pass. 1891KC01, Pringsheimia Schulzer 1866YHGE99, KC01, Schizostege Theiss. 1917 non Hillebr. 1888KC01]

Stigmina Sacc. 1880 [incl. Jaczewskiella Murashk. 1926, Marcosia Syd. & Syd. 1916, Pseudopuccinia Höhn. 1925, Thyrostromella Syd. 1924 non Höhn. 1919]KC01

Stomiopeltis Theiss. 1914 [incl. Akaropeltella Farr 1972, Akaropeltis Bat. & Bezerra 1961, Akaropeltopsis Bat. & Peres 1966, Clypeolina Speg. 1923 nec Penard 1902 (ICZN) nec Theiss. 1918, Clypeolinopsis Bat. 1959, Clypeolopsis Stevens & Manter 1925, Diplocarponella Bat. 1957, Leptopeltina Speg. 1924, Stomiopeltella Theiss. 1914, Verlandea Bat. & Cif. 1957]KC01

Wentiomyces Koord. 1907 [=Dichaetis Clem. 1931; incl. Acarothallium Syd. 1937, Calochaetis Syd. 1935, Capnodinula Speg. 1918, Chaetostigme Syd. & Syd. 1917, Neocoleroa Petr. 1934]KC01

Yoshinagaia Henn. 1904 [incl. Japonia Höhn. 1909, Monoloculia Hara 1927 (n. d.), Yoshinagamyces Hara 1912]KC01

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A96] Alstrup, V. 1996. Nectria tatrensis sp. nov. and other lichenicolous fungi found on the bryo-lichenological excursion in Slovakia 1993. Biologia 51: 13–14.

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