Drosophila (Sophophora)

Drosophila melanogaster, copyright Ryszard.

Belongs within: Drosophila.

Drosophila subgenus Sophophora is a genus of vinegar flies most diverse in central Africa and southeast Asia, with a number of species (included the widely studied D. melanogaster) introduced worldwide (Grimaldi 2010).

<==Drosophila (Sophophora) G10
|–+–D. (S.) obscura RV05
|  `–D. (S.) pseudoobscura RV05
`–+–D. (S.) erecta RV05
|–D. (S.) yakuba RV05
`–+–D. (S.) melanogaster Meigen 1830 RV05, GE05
`–+–D. (S.) mauritiana GE05
|–D. (S.) sechellia H99, GE05
`–D. (S.) simulans RV05

Drosophila (Sophophora) incertae sedis:
D. (S.) affinis CE79
D. (S.) algonquin CE79
D. (S.) ambigua CE79
D. (S.) ananassae CE79
D. (S.) athabasca CE79
D. (S.) azteca CE79
D. (S.) bipectinata CE79
D. (S.) birchii CE79
D. (S.) bocqueti H99
D. (S.) burlai H99
D. (S.) capricorni CE79
D. (S.) elegans H99
D. (S.) emarginata T68
D. (S.) equinoxialis CE79
D. (S.) eugracilis H99
D. (S.) fumipennis CE79
D. (S.) guanche CE79
D. (S.) malerkotliana G10
D. (S.) miranda CE79
D. (S.) narragansett CE79
D. (S.) nebulosa CE79
D. (S.) neocordata T68
D. (S.) neoelliptica T68
D. (S.) orena CE79
D. (S.) paulistorum T68
D. (S.) pavlovskiana CE79
D. (S.) persimilis CE79
D. (S.) populi T68
D. (S.) pseudobocainensis T68
D. (S.) saltans G10
D. (S.) subobscura CE79
D. (S.) sucinea T68
D. (S.) simulans H99
D. (S.) teissieri CE79
D. (S.) tolteca CE79
D. (S.) tropicalis CE79
D. (S.) vulcana H99
D. (S.) willistoni G10

*Type species of generic name indicated


[CE79] Coyne, J. A., W. F. Eanes, J. A. M. Ramshaw & R. K. Koehn. 1979. Electrophoretic heterogeneity of α-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase among many species of Drosophila. Systematic Zoology 28 (2): 164–175.

[G10] Grimaldi, D. 2010. Drosophilidae (small fruit flies, pomace flies, vinegar flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1197–1206. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[H99] Houck, M. A. 1999. Mites as potential horizontal gene transfer agents. In: Needham, G. R., R. Mitchell, D. J. Horn & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 2. Symposia pp. 7–14. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[RV05] Robe, L. J., V. L. S. Valente, M. Budnik & E. L. S. Loreto. 2005. Molecular phylogeny of the subgenus Drosophila (Diptera, Drosophilidae) with an emphasis on Neotropical species and groups: a nuclear versus mitochondrial gene approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 623–640.

[T68] Throckmorton, L. H. 1968. Concordance and discordance of taxonomic characters in Drosophila classification. Systematic Zoology 17 (4): 355–387.

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