Drosophila (Sophophora)

Drosophila melanogaster, copyright Ryszard.

Belongs within: Drosophila.

Drosophila subgenus Sophophora is a genus of vinegar flies most diverse in central Africa and southeast Asia, with a number of species (included the widely studied D. melanogaster) introduced worldwide (Grimaldi 2010).

<==Drosophila (Sophophora Sturtevant 1939)ICZN10
|--+--D. (S.) obscuraRV05
| `--D. (S.) pseudoobscuraRV05
`--+--D. (S.) erectaRV05
|--D. (S.) yakubaRV05
`--+--D. (*S.) melanogaster Meigen 1830ICZN10, RV05, GE05
`--+--D. (S.) mauritianaGE05
|--D. (S.) sechelliaH99, GE05
`--D. (S.) simulansRV05

Drosophila (Sophophora) incertae sedis:
D. (S.) affinisCE79
D. (S.) algonquinCE79
D. (S.) ambiguaCE79
D. (S.) ananassaeCE79
D. (S.) athabascaCE79
D. (S.) aztecaCE79
D. (S.) bipectinataCE79
D. (S.) birchiiCE79
D. (S.) bocquetiH99
D. (S.) burlaiH99
D. (S.) capricorniCE79
D. (S.) elegansH99
D. (S.) emarginataT68
D. (S.) equinoxialisCE79
D. (S.) eugracilisH99
D. (S.) fumipennisCE79
D. (S.) guancheCE79
D. (S.) malerkotlianaG10
D. (S.) mirandaCE79
D. (S.) narragansettCE79
D. (S.) nebulosaCE79
D. (S.) neocordataT68
D. (S.) neoellipticaT68
D. (S.) orenaCE79
D. (S.) paulistorumT68
D. (S.) pavlovskianaCE79
D. (S.) persimilisCE79
D. (S.) populiT68
D. (S.) pseudobocainensisT68
D. (S.) saltansG10
D. (S.) subobscuraCE79
D. (S.) sucineaT68
D. (S.) simulansH99
D. (S.) teissieriCE79
D. (S.) toltecaCE79
D. (S.) tropicalisCE79
D. (S.) vulcanaH99
D. (S.) willistoniG10

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CE79] Coyne, J. A., W. F. Eanes, J. A. M. Ramshaw & R. K. Koehn. 1979. Electrophoretic heterogeneity of α-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase among many species of Drosophila. Systematic Zoology 28 (2): 164–175.

[G10] Grimaldi, D. 2010. Drosophilidae (small fruit flies, pomace flies, vinegar flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1197–1206. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[H99] Houck, M. A. 1999. Mites as potential horizontal gene transfer agents. In: Needham, G. R., R. Mitchell, D. J. Horn & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 2. Symposia pp. 7–14. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[ICZN10] ICZN. 2010. Opinion 2245: Drosophila Fallén, 1823 (Insecta, Diptera): Drosophila funebris Fabricius, 1787 is maintained as the type species. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 67 (1): 106–115.

[RV05] Robe, L. J., V. L. S. Valente, M. Budnik & E. L. S. Loreto. 2005. Molecular phylogeny of the subgenus Drosophila (Diptera, Drosophilidae) with an emphasis on Neotropical species and groups: a nuclear versus mitochondrial gene approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 623–640.

[T68] Throckmorton, L. H. 1968. Concordance and discordance of taxonomic characters in Drosophila classification. Systematic Zoology 17 (4): 355–387.

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