Purple-tailed imperial pigeon Ducula rufigaster, photographed by Markus Lagerqvist.

Belongs within: Treroninae.
Contains: Ducula aenea.

Ducula, the imperial pigeons, is a genus of large fruit-eating pigeons found in south-east Asia, tropical Australasia and Oceania. Most species are brightly but softly coloured in such shades as pink, grey or white, often with iridescent greens or blues in such places as the wings and tail. Some species, such as the Pacific imperial pigeon Ducula pacifica and the red-knobbed imperial pigeon D. rubricera, have prominently swollen ceres forming a knob at the base of the bill. The island imperial pigeon D. pistrinaria, found in the Bismarck and Solomon Islands archipelagos, has a grey head and breast, glossy grey-green upperparts, and a chestnut undertail.

<==Ducula Hodgson 1836 (see below for synonymy)B94
    |--D. zoeaeJT12
    `--+--D. rufigasterJT12
       |    |--D. r. rufigasterT62
       |    |--D. r. obiensisT62
       |    `--D. r. uropygialisT62
       `--+--+--D. melanochroaJT12
          |  `--+--D. bicolorJT12
          |     `--D. pinonJT12 [=Carpophaga pinonT62]
          |          |--D. p. pinonT62
          |          |--D. p. jobiensisT62
          |          |--D. p. rubiensisT62
          |          `--D. p. salvadoriT62
          `--+--D. pistrinariaJT12
             |    |--D. p. pistrinariaT62
             |    |--D. p. postremaT62
             |    |--D. p. rhodinolaemaT62
             |    `--D. p. vanwyckiiT62
             `--+--D. aeneaJT12
                `--+--D. pacificaJT12
                   |    |--D. p. pacificaT62
                   |    |--D. p. intensitinctaT62
                   |    |--D. p. microceraT62 [=Carpophaga microceraB66]
                   |    `--D. p. tarraliT62
                   `--D. rubriceraJT12
Ducula incertae sedis:
  D. auroraeJT12
  D. badiaJT12 [=Carpophaga badiaT62]
    |--D. b. badiaT62
    |--D. b. capistrataT62
    |--D. b. cupreaT62
    |--D. b. griseicapilla Walden 1875T62, S89 [=Carpophaga griseicapillaS89]
    |--D. b. insignisT62
    `--D. b. obscurataT62
  D. bakeriJT12
  D. basilicaJT12 [=D. rufigaster basilicaT62]
  D. brenchleyiJT12
  D. carolaJT12
  D. chalconotaJT12
    |--D. c. chalconotaT62
    `--D. c. smaragdinaT62
  D. cineraceaJT12
  D. concinnaJT12
    |--D. c. concinnaT62
    |--D. c. aruT62
    `--D. c. intermediaT62
  D. finschiiJT12
  D. forsteniJT12
  D. galeataJT12
  D. goliathJT12
  D. lacernulataJT12
    |--D. l. lacernulataT62
    |--D. l. sasakensisT62
    `--D. l. williamiT62
  D. latransJT12
  D. luctuosaJT12 [=D. bicolor luctuosaRN72]
  D. mindorensisJT12
  D. mulleriiJT12
  D. myristicivoraJT12
  D. oceanicaJT12
    |--D. o. oceanicaT62
    |--D. o. monachaT62
    |--D. o. ratakensisT62
    |--D. o. teraokaiT62
    `--D. o. townsendiT62
  D. perspicillataJT12 [=Carpophaga perspicillataT62]
    |--D. p. perspicillataT62
    `--D. p. neglectaT62
  D. pickeringiiJT12
    |--D. p. pickeringiiT62
    |--D. p. langhorneiT62
    `--D. p. palmasensisT62
  D. poliocephalaJT12
  D. radiataJT12
  D. rosaceaJT12
    |--D. r. rosaceaT62
    `--D. r. zamydraT62
  D. spilorrhoa (Gray 1858)JT12, WS48 (see below for synonymy)
  D. subflavescensJT12
  D. whartoniJT12 [=D. rosacea whartoniL81]

Ducula Hodgson 1836 [incl. Carpophaga Selby 1835, Muscadivores Gray 1855, Myristicivora Reichenbach 1853, Zonoenas Reichenbach 1853; Carpophaginae, Duculinae, Muscadivorinae, Myristicivorinae, Zonoenadinae]B94

Ducula spilorrhoa (Gray 1858)JT12, WS48 [=Carpophaga spilorrhoaWS48, D. bicolor spilorrhoaRN72, Myristicivora spilorrhoaWS48]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B66] Bartlett, A. D. 1866. Notes on the breeding of several species of birds in the Society’s gardens during the year 1865. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 76–79.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[RN72] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds) 1972. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 1. London, Blandford Press.

[S89] Salvadori, T. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea nella Birmania e nelle regioni vicine. XIX.—Uccelli raccolti nei Monti Carin a nord-est di Tounghoo, nel Pegù presso Rangoon e Tounghoo e nel Tenasserim presso Malewoon. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 369–438.

[T62] Tendeiro, J. 1962. Estudos sobre malófagos: Revisão monográfica do género Columbicola Ewing (Ischnocera, Philopteridae). Memórias da Junta de Investigações do Ultramar, ser. 2, 32: 7–460.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M., & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1–126.

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