Elateroidea

Telegeusis nubifer, copyright Katja Schulz.

Belongs within: Elateriformia.
Contains: Artematopodidae, Omethidae, Eucnemidae, Cantharidae, Lycidae, Lampyridae, Phengodidae, Elateridae.

The Elateroidea are a clade of beetles lacking a mandibular mola and transverse metastemal suture, and with a low grade type of wing folding. Larvae have mouthparts adapted for liquid feeding with a mola absent, ventral mouth-parts connate, and the buccal cavity blocked by hairs (Lawrence & Britton 1991).

<==Elateroidea [Cantharoidea]KB11
    |  i. s.: RhinorhipusB14 [RhinorhipidaeMW15]
    |           `--R. tamborinensis Lawrence 1988B14
    |         Brachypsectra LeConte 1874Y02 [BrachypsectridaeMW15, Brachypsectrini]
    |           |--B. fulva LeConte 1874B14
    |           |--B. fusculaB14
    |           |--B. lampyroidesB14
    |           `--B. vivafosileB14
    |--+--ArtematopodidaeMW15
    |  `--+--TelegeusidaeKB11
    |     |    |--Pseudotelegeusis Wittmer 1976P04
    |     |    `--Telegeusis Horn 1895M02
    |     |         |--T. granulatusB14
    |     |         |--T. nubiferKB11
    |     |         |--T. orientalis Zaragoza Caballero 1990B14
    |     |         `--T. texensisRM05
    |     `--OmethidaeKB11
    `--+--+--EucnemidaeKB11
       |  `--CerophytidaeMW15
       |       |--AphytocerusP92
       |       `--Cerophytum Latreille 1809J02a
       |            |--C. convexicolleB14
       |            |--C. japonicum Sasaji 1999B14
       |            `--C. pulsatorJ02a
       `--+--+--Anischia [Anischiidae, Anischiinae]KB11
          |  |    `--A. bicolorMW15
          |  `--Throscidae [Throscinae, Throscites, Trixagidae]KB11
          |       |  i. s.: Aulonothroscus Horn 1890 [incl. Throscites Iablokov-Khnzorian 1962]J02b
          |       |         Tersus Martynov 1926H02
          |       |         Megocephalites Hong 2002H02
          |       |           `--*M. eocenicus Hong 2002H02
          |       |         Trixagus Kugelann 1794KB11, J02b (see below for synonymy)
          |       |           |--T. angelinii Leseigneur 2005F05
          |       |           |--T. carinicollisJ02b
          |       |           |--‘Throscus’ clavicornis [=Elater clavicornis]L02
          |       |           |--T. dermestoidesKB11 [=Elater dermestoidesL02, Throscus dermestoidesL02]
          |       |           `--T. elongatusM86
          |       `--PoterginiJ02b
          |            |--PotergusLB91
          |            `--Pactopus LeConte 1868J02b
          |                 `--P. horniJ02b
          `--+--+--CantharidaeKB11
             |  `--+--LycidaeKB11
             |     `--LampyridaeKB11
             `--+--+--PhengodidaeKB11
                |  `--Rhagophthalmidae [Rhagophthalminae]KB11
                |       |  i. s.: CydistusO02
                |       |         DioptomaO02
                |       |         DiplocladonO02
                |       |         FalsophrixothrixO02
                |       |         RhagophthalmusMW15
                |       |           |--R. confusus Olivier 1911B14
                |       |           |--R. gibbosulusB14
                |       |           |--R. ohbaiMW15
                |       |           |--R. scutellatusB14
                |       |           `--R. tonkineusB14
                |       |--OchotyraKB11
                |       `--+--MimochotyraKB11
                |          `--BicladodrilusKB11
                `--+--ElateridaeKB11
                   `--OmalisidaeKB11
                        |--PseudeuanomaKB11
                        |--EuanomaKB11
                        |--PhaeopterusKB11
                        |--ThilmanusKB11
                        `--OmalisusKB11
                             |--O. fontisbellaqueiKB11
                             |--O. sanguinipennisKB11
                             `--O. suturalis [=Lampyris (Omalisus) suturalis]G20

Trixagus Kugelann 1794KB11, J02b [incl. Palaeothroscus Iablokov-Khnzorian 1962J02b, Throscus Latreille 1796J02b]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B14] Bouchard, P. (ed.) 2014. The Book of Beetles: A lifesize guide to six hundred of nature’s gems. Ivy Press: Lewes (United Kingdom).

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[H02] Hong Y. 2002. Amber Insect of China. Beijing Scientific and Technological Publishing House.

[J02a] Johnson, P. J. 2002a. Cerophytidae Latreille 1834. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 150–151. CRC Press.

[J02b] Johnson, P. J. 2002b. Throscidae Laporte 1840. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 158–159. CRC Press.

[KB11] Kundrata, R., & L. Bocak. 2011. The phylogeny and limits of Elateridae (Insecta, Coleoptera): is there a common tendency of click beetles to soft-bodiedness and neoteny? Zoologica Scripta 40: 364–378.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[LB91] Lawrence, J. F., & E. B. Britton. 1991. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 543–683. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[M86] Masters, G. 1886. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of Australia. Part IV. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (2): 259–380.

[MW15] McKenna, D. D., A. L. Wild, K. Kanda, C. L. Bellamy, R. G. Beutel, M. S. Caterino, C. W. Farnum, D. C. Hawks, M. A. Ivie, M. L. Jameson, R. A. B. Leschen, A. E. Marvaldi, J. V. McHugh, A. F. Newton, J. A. Robertson, M. K. Thayer, M. F. Whiting, J. F. Lawrence, A. Ślipiński, D. R. Maddison & B. D. Farrell. 2015. The beetle tree of life reveals that Coleoptera survived end-Permian mass extinction to diversify during the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution. Systematic Entomology 40 (4): 835–880.

[M02] Miller, R. S. 2002. Telegeusidae Leng 1920. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 179–180. CRC Press.

[O02] O’Keefe, S. T. 2002. Phengodidae LeConte 1861. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 181–186. CRC Press.

[P04] Paulus, H. F. 2004. Urtea graeca nov. gen. et nov. spec., der erste Vertreter der tropischen Atractocerinae in Europa sowie eine Beschreibung von Hymaloxylon aspoecki nov. spec. aus Yunnan (China) (Coleoptera, Cucujiformia, Lymexylidae, Atractocerinae nov. status). Denisia 13: 277–290.

[P92] Poinar, G. O., Jr. 1992. Life in Amber. Stanford University Press: Stanford.

[RM05] Reilly, S. M., R. W. Manning, C. C. Nice & M. R. J. Forstner. 2005. Systematics of isolated populations of short-tailed shrews (Soricidae: Blarina) in Texas. Journal of Mammalogy 86 (5): 887–894.

[Y02] Young, D. K. 2002. Brachypsectridae Bøving and Craighead 1931. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 148–149. CRC Press.

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