Eleutherodactylus

Eleutherodactylus guantanamera, copyright Ariel Rodriguez.

Belongs within: Hyloidea.

Eleutherodactylus is a very diverse genus of directly developing, mostly small frogs found in Central and South America.

<==Eleutherodactylus Duméril & Bibron 1841 [incl. Pelorius Hedges 1989; Eleutherodactylinae, Eleutherodactylini]FG06
|--+--+--E. symingtoni Schwartz 1957PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas symingtoniFG06]
| | `--E. zeus Schwartz 1958PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas zeusFG06]
| `--+--E. marnockii (Cope 1878)FB17, FG06 [=E. (Syrrhophus) marnockiiFG06]
| `--+--E. nitidus Peters 1870PW11, FG06 [=E. (Syrrhophus) nitidusFG06]
| `--E. pipilans (Taylor 1940)PW11, FG06 [=Syrrhophus pipilansFG06]
`--+--+--Diasporus diastemaFB17
| `--+--+--E. counouspeus (Schwartz 1964)PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas counouspeaFG06]
| | `--+--+--E. inoptatus Barbour 1914PW11, FG06 [=Pelorius inoptatusFG06]
| | | `--+--E. chlorophenax Schwartz 1976PW11, FG06 [=Pelorius chlorophenaxFG06]
| | | `--E. nortoni Schwartz 1976PW11, FG06 [=Pelorius nortoniFG06]
| | `--+--+--E. bothroboansPW11
| | | `--E. ruthae Noble 1923PW11, FG06 [=Pelorius ruthaeFG06]
| | `--+--E. hypostenor Schwartz 1965PW11, FG06 [=Pelorius hypostenorFG06]
| | `--E. parapelates Hedges & Thomas 1987PW11, FG06 [=Pelorius parapelatesFG06]
| `--+--+--E. richmondi Stejneger 1904PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas richmondiFG06]
| | `--E. unicolorPW11
| `--+--+--+--E. auriculatoidesPW11
| | | `--E. patriciaePW11
| | `--+--+--+--E. fowleriPW11
| | | | `--E. lamprotesPW11
| | | `--+--E. sommeriPW11
| | | `--E. wetmoreiPW11
| | `--+--+--E. leberiPW11
| | | `--E. melacaraPW11
| | `--+--E. variansPW11
| | `--+--E. guantanameraPW11
| | `--E. ionthusPW11
| `--+--+--+--E. minutus Noble 1923PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas minutaFG06]
| | | `--E. pooleiPW11
| | `--+--+--E. pituinusPW11
| | | `--+--E. parabates Schwartz 1964PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas parabatesFG06]
| | | `--+--E. abbottiPW11
| | | `--+--E. audantiPW11
| | | `--E. haitianusPW11
| | `--+--E. eileenaePW11
| | `--+--E. glamyrusPW11
| | `--+--+--E. mariposaPW11
| | | `--E. ronaldiPW11
| | `--+--E. bartonsmithiPW11
| | `--+--E. auriculatusPW11
| | `--E. principalisPW11
| `--+--+--+--E. barlagneiPW11
| | | `--E. pinchoniPW11
| | `--+--E. johnstonei Barbour 1914PW11, B-AC-O04
| | `--+--E. amplinymphaPW11
| | `--E. locustusPW11
| `--+--+--E. antillensisPW11
| | `--+--E. brittoniPW11
| | `--+--E. cochranaePW11
| | `--E. hedrickiPW11
| `--+--E. gryllusPW11
| `--+--+--E. coquiFB17
| | `--E. schwartziPW11
| `--+--E. portoricensisPW11
| `--E. wightmanaePW11
`--+--+--+--E. klinikowskii Schwartz 1959PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas klinikowskiiFG06]
| | `--E. zugi Schwartz 1958PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas zugiFG06]
| `--+--+--+--E. brevirostris Shreve 1936PW11, FG06 [=Craugastor brevirostrisFG06]
| | | `--E. ventrilineatus Shreve 1936PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas ventrilineataFG06]
| | `--+--E. glandulifer Cochran 1935PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas glanduliferFG06]
| | `--E. sciagraphus Schwartz 1973PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas sciagraphusFG06]
| `--+--E. paulsoni Schwartz 1964PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas paulsoniFG06]
| `--+--+--E. furcyensis Shreve & Williams 1963PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas furcyensisFG06]
| | `--E. rufifemoralisPW11
| `--+--+--E. apostates Schwartz 1973PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas apostatesFG06]
| | `--E. oxyrhyncus Duméril & Bibron 1841PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas oxyrhynchaFG06]
| `--+--E. jugans Cochran 1937PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas jugansFG06]
| `--+--E. glanduliferoides Shreve 1936PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas glanduliferoidesFG06]
| `--+--E. thorectes Hedges 1988PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas thorectesFG06]
| `--+--+--E. bakeriPW11
| | `--+--E. dolomedes Hedges & Thomas 1992PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas dolomedesFG06]
| | `--E. glaphycompus Schwartz 1973PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas glaphycompusFG06]
| `--+--E. heminotaPW11
| `--+--E. corona Hedges & Thomas 1992PW11, FG06 [=Euhuyas coronaFG06]
| `--+--E. amadeus Hedges, Thomas & Franz 1987PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas amadeusFG06]
| `--+--E. caribe Hedges & Thomas 1992PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas caribeFG06]
| `--E. eunasterPW11
`--+--+--E. schmidti Noble 1923PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas schmidtiFG06]
| `--+--E. albipes Barbour & Shreve 1937PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas albipesFG06]
| `--+--E. maestrensis Diaz, Cádiz & Navarro 2005PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas maestrensisFG06]
| `--+--E. dimidiatus Cope 1862PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas dimidiatusFG06]
| `--E. emiliae Dunn 1926PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas emiliaeFG06]
`--+--E. greyi Dunn 1926PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas greyiFG06]
`--+--+--E. atkinsi Dunn 1925PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas atkinsiFG06]
| |--+--+--E. gundlachi Schmidt 1920PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas gundlachiFG06]
| | | `--+--E. intermedius Barbour & Shreve 1937PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas intermediaFG06]
| | | `--E. varleyi Dunn 1925PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas varleyiFG06]
| | `--+--+--E. cubanus Barbour 1942PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas cubanaFG06]
| | | `--E. orientalis Barbour & Shreve 1937PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas orientalisFG06]
| | `--+--E. etheridgei Schwartz 1958PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas etheridgeiFG06]
| | `--+--E. iberia Estrada & Hedges 1996PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas iberiaFG06]
| | `--+--E. jaumei Estrada & Alonso 1997PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas jaumeiFG06]
| | `--E. limbatus Cope 1862PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas limbataFG06]
| `--+--+--E. guanahacabibes Estrada & Rodriguez 1985PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas guanahacabibesFG06]
| | `--+--E. casparii Dunn 1926PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas caspariiFG06]
| | `--E. planirostris Cope 1862FB17, FG06 [=E. (Euhyas) planirostrisFG06]
| `--+--+--E. goini Schwartz 1960PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas goiniFG06]
| | `--+--E. rogersiPW11
| | `--E. tonyi Estrada & Hedges 1997PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas tonyiFG06]
| `--+--E. pezopetrusPW11
| `--+--E. pinarensisPW11
| `--+--E. blairhedgesiPW11
| `--E. thomasi Schwartz 1959PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas thomasiFG06]
`--+--+--+--E. alcoae Schwartz 1971PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas alcoaeFG06]
| | `--E. armstrongi Noble & Hassler 1933PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas armstrongiFG06]
| `--+--E. darlingtoniPW11
| `--E. leoncei Shreve & Williams 1963PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas leonceiFG06]
`--+--+--+--E. bressleraePW11
| | `--+--E. acmonis Schwartz 1960PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas acmonisFG06]
| | `--E. ricordii Duméril & Bibron 1841PW11, FG06 [=E. (Euhyas) ricordiiFG06]
| `--+--E. probolaeusPW11
| `--+--E. monensis Meerwarth 1901PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas monensisFG06]
| `--+--E. grahami Dunn 1926PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas grahamiFG06]
| `--+--E. lentusPW11
| `--+--E. rhodesiPW11
| `--E. weinlandi Barbour 1914PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas weinlandiFG06]
`--+--+--E. cuneatus Cope 1862PW11, FG06 (see below for synonymy)
| `--E. turquinensis Barbour & Shreve 1937PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas turquinensisFG06]
`--+--+--E. riparius Estrada & Hedges 1998PW11, EH98
| `--E. rivularis Díaz, Estrada & Hedges 2001PW11, DEH01 [=E. (Euhyas) rivularisDEH01]
`--+--E. toa Estrada & Hedges 1991PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas toaFG06]
`--+--E. luteolus Gosse 1851PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas luteolaFG06]
`--+--+--+--E. sisyphodemus Crombie 1977PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas sisyphodemusFG06]
| | `--+--E. cavernicola Lynn 1954PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas cavernicolaFG06]
| | `--E. grabhami Dunn 1926PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas grabhamiFG06]
| `--+--E. jamaicensis Barbour 1910PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas jamaicensisFG06]
| `--+--E. nubicola Dunn 1926PW11, FG06 [=E. (Euhyas) nubicolaFG06]
| `--+--E. andrewsi Lynn 1937PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas andrewsiFG06]
| `--E. orcutti Dunn 1928PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas orcuttiFG06]
`--+--E. alticola Lynn 1937PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas alticolaFG06]
`--+--E. fuscus Lynn & Dent 1943PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas fuscaFG06]
`--+--E. junori Dunn 1926PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas junoriFG06]
`--+--E. gossei Dunn 1926PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas gosseiFG06]
`--+--E. griphus Crombie 1986PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas griphusFG06]
`--+--+--E. cundalliPW11
| `--E. glaucoreius Schwartz & Fowler 1973PW11, FG06 (see below for synonymy)
`--+--E. pantoni Dunn 1926PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas pantoniFG06]
`--E. pentasyringos Schwartz & Fowler 1973PW11, FG06 (see below for synonymy)

Eleutherodactylus incertae sedis:
E. angustidigitorum Taylor 1940NW07, FG06 [=Syrrhophus angustidigitorumFG06]
E. anolirex Lynch 1983B-AC-O04
E. (Eleutherodactylus) binotatusFG06
E. boconoensis Rivero & Mayorga 1973B-AC-O04
E. chloronotusFG06
E. chlorosoma Rivero 1984B-AC-O04
E. colostichos La Marca & Smith 1982B-AC-O04
E. conspicillatusB-AC-O04
E. costaricensisM83
E. diastemaFG06
E. discoidalisFG06
E. duellmaniFG06
E. erythropleurusNW07
E. ginesi (Rivero 1964)B-AC-O04
E. guentheriNW07
E. hedrikiSWK87
E. jasperiFG06
E. karlschmidti Grant 1931NW07, FG06 [=Euhyas karlschmidtiFG06]
E. lancinii Donoso-Barros 1968B-AC-O04
E. lentiginosus Rivero 1984B-AC-O04
E. malkiniB-AC-O04
E. martinicensisWC02
E. megalopsB-AC-O04
E. melanoproctus Rivero 1984B-AC-O04
E. mercedesaeFG06
E. mondolfii Rivero 1984B-AC-O04
E. nicefori Cochran & Goin 1971B-AC-O04
E. nigrovittatusFG06
E. paramerus Rivero 1984B-AC-O04
E. parvusNW07
E. pedimontanus La Marca 2004B-AC-O04
E. pleurostriatus Rivero 1984B-AC-O04
E. prolixodiscus Lynch 1978B-AC-O04
E. pulidoi Rivero 1984B-AC-O04
E. rearkiM83
E. ridensM81
E. supernatisFG06
E. thymelensisFG06
E. tubernasus Rivero 1984B-AC-O04
E. tubolusKF69
E. underwoodiM83
E. unistrigatusB-AC-O04
E. urichi (Boettger 1894)B-AC-O04
E. vanadisae La Marca 1984B-AC-O04
E. w-nigrumB-AC-O04
E. yustizi Barrio-Amorós & Chacón-Ortiz 2004B-AC-O04

Eleutherodactylus cuneatus Cope 1862PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas cuneataFG06, Hylodes cuneatusEH98; incl. Eleutherodactylus brevipalmatus Schmidt 1920EH98, El. sierramaestrae Schmidt 1920EH98]

Eleutherodactylus glaucoreius Schwartz & Fowler 1973PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas glaucoreiaFG06]

Eleutherodactylus pentasyringos Schwartz & Fowler 1973PW11, FG06 [=Euhyas pentasyringosFG06]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B-AC-O04] Barrio-Amorós, C. L., & A. Chacón-Ortiz. 2004. Un nuevo Eleutherodactylus (Anura, Leptodactylidae) de la Cordillera de Mérida, Andes de Venezuela. Graellsia 60 (1): 3–11.

[DEH01] Díaz, L. M., A. R. Estrada & S. B. Hedges. 2001. A new riparial frog of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from eastern Cuba. Caribbean Journal of Science 37 (1–2): 63–71.

[EH98] Estrada, A. R., & S. B. Hedges. 1998. Sistemática de las ranas ribereñas de Cuba (Leptodactylidae: Eleutherodactylus) con la descripción de una especie nueva. Caribbean Journal of Science 34: 218–230.

[FB17] Feng, Y.-J., D. C. Blackburn, D. Liang, D. M. Hillis, D. B. Wake, D. C. Cannatella & P. Zhang. 2017. Phylogenomics reveals rapid, simultaneous diversification of three major clades of Gondwanan frogs at the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 114 (29): E5864–E5870.

[FG06] Frost, D. R., T. Grant, J. Faivovich, R. H. Bain, A. Haas, C. F. B. Haddad, R. O. de Sá, A. Channing, M. Wilkinson, S. C. Donnellan, C. J. Raxworthy, J. A. Campbell, B. L. Blotto, P. Moler, R. C. Drewes, R. A. Nussbaum, J. D. Lynch, D. M. Green & W. C. Wheeler. 2006. The amphibian tree of life. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 1–370.

[KF69] Kluge, A. G., & J. S. Farris. 1969. Quantitative phyletics and the evolution of anurans. Systematic Zoology 18 (1): 1–32.

[M81] Miyamoto, M. M. 1981. Congruence among character sets in phylogenetic studies of the frog genus Leptodactylus. Systematic Zoology 30 (3): 281–290.

[M83] Miyamoto, M. M. 1983. Biochemical variation in the frog Eleutherodactylus bransfordii: geographic patterns and cryptic species. Systematic Zoology 32 (1): 43–51.

[NW07] Nussbaum, R. A., & S.-H. Wu. 2007. Morphological assessments and phylogenetic relationships of the Seychellean frogs of the family Sooglossidae (Amphibia: Anura). Zoological Studies 46 (3): 322–335.

[SWK87] Snyder, N. F. R., J. W. Wiley & C. B. Kepler. 1987. The Parrots of Luquillo: Natural history and conservation of the Puerto Rican parrot. Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology: Los Angeles.

[WC02] Winkler, H., & D. A. Christie. 2002. Family Picidae (woodpeckers). In: Hoyo, J. del, A. Elliott & J. Sargatal (eds) Handbook of the Birds of the World vol. 7. Jacamars to Woodpeckers pp. 296–555. Lynx Edicions: Barcelona.

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