Eneopterinae

Female Insulascirtus nythos, copyright D. C. F. Rentz.

Belongs within: Grylloidea.

The Eneopterinae, bush crickets, are a diverse group of crickets characterised by adhesive pads on the tarsi. They may be divided into tribes that mostly differ in the form of the auditory tympana on the fore tarsi. In members of the Itarini, both the anterior and posterior tympana are large and well-developed whereas in the Eneopterini the anterior tibia is reduced. The Podoscirtini vary in tympanal morphology. Podoscirtini have the middle outer apical spur on the hind tibia nearly equal in length to its adjacent spur whereas in the other two tribes the former spur is more than twice as long as the latter (Rentz 1996).

Characters (from Rentz 1996): Males often with elongate hind wings; females winged or wingless. Head usually without dorsal bristles. Hind tibia with spines between most spurs. Middle tarsal segment with an adhesive pad.

<==EneopterinaeR96
    |--Itarini [Itarinae]R96
    |    |--Phaloria anapinaR96
    |    `--Tremellia australisR96
    |--EneopteriniR96
    |    |--Cardiodactylus novaeguineaeR96
    |    |--EurepaR96
    |    |--Eurepella mjobergiR96, MC13
    |    |--Lebinthus miriparaR96
    |    |--Salmonites wittilikoR96
    |    |--MyaraR96
    |    |    |--M. apertaR91
    |    |    |--M. pakariaR96
    |    |    `--M. wintrenaR96
    |    `--ArilpaR96
    |         |--A. gidyaR96
    |         |--A. milkappaR96
    |         |--A. panarooR96
    |         |--A. pitanaeR96
    |         `--A. wirrillaR96
    `--Podoscirtini [Euscyrtinae, Podoscirtinae]R96
         |--HemiphonusR96
         |--Mundeicus tindaleiR96
         |--Unka boreenaR96
         |--Riatina callosifronsR96
         |--Tamborina australisR96
         |--MadasummaR96
         |--Merrinella tandanyaR96
         |--Turana kiwaniR96, MC13
         |--TozeriaR96
         |--PatiscusR96
         |--Euscyrtus hemelytrusR96
         |--Adenopterus norfolkensisR96
         |--MatuanusO94
         |--ArchenopterusO94
         |--UmbulgariaR96
         |    |--U. hillimungaR96
         |    `--U. itaR96
         |--AphonoidesR96
         |    |--A. angustissimusR96
         |    |--A. debilisR96
         |    `--A. weerongaR96
         `--InsulascirtusR96
              |--I. christianiR96
              |--I. ellopsR96
              `--I. nythosR96
Eneopterinae incertae sedis:
  Tafalisca luridaO94
  HapithusO94
    |--H. brevipennisO94
    `--H. melodiusO94
  AphonomorphusR18
    |--A. conspersusR18
    |--A. griseus Chopard 1912R18
    |--A. lividusR18
    |--A. major Chopard 1912R18
    |--A. surdus Rehn 1918R18
    `--A. variegatusR18
  OrocharisBM76

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[O94] Otte, D. 1994. The Crickets of Hawaii: origin, systematics and evolution. The Orthopterists’ Society: The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.

[R18] Rehn, J. A. G. 1918. On a collection of Orthoptera from the State of Pará, Brazil. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 70: 144–236, pls 1–2.

[R91] Rentz, D. C. F. 1991. Orthoptera (grasshoppers, locusts, katydids, crickets). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 369–393. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

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