Entelegynae

Pirate spider Ero furcata, copyright Tone Killick.

Belongs within: Neocribellatae.
Contains: Nicodamidae, Acrometidae, Theridiidae, Theridiosomatidae, MysmenidaeNesticidae, Araneidae, Symphytognathidae, Anapidae, Cyatholipidae, Physoglenidae, Linyphiidae, Malkaridae, Mimetidae, Tetragnathidae, Arkyidae, Eresidae, Oecobiidae, Hersiliidae, Uloboridae, Phyxelididae, Amaurobioidea.

The Araneoidea are a clade of spiders that commonly construct elaborate webs for capturing prey such as orb or cob webs. Members include the Mimetidae, pirate spiders, which are small spiders with peg teeth on the chelicerae and prolateral rows of interspersed large and small spines on the first two tibiae and metatarsi; members of this family are typically araneophagous and do not construct a web (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

<==Entelegynae [Deinopoidea, Eresoidea, Hersilioidea]WC17
| i. s.: Palaeouloborus lacasae Selden 1990S93
|--+--NicodamoideaWC17
| | |--NicodamidaeR14
| | `--Megadictynidae [Megadictyninae]WC17
| | |--Megadictyna Dahl 1906PVD10
| | | `--*M. thilenii Dahl 1906PVD10 [incl. Ihurakius forsteri Marples 1959NS00]
| | `--Forstertyna Harvey 1995PVD10
| | `--*F. marplesi (Forster 1970)PVD10
| `--Araneoidea [Argiopidae, Cyatholipoidea, Extentae, Theridioidea]WC17
| | i. s.: HypopthalmaE90
| | Juraraneus [Juraraneidae]SHR08
| | `--J. rasnitsyni Eskov 1984SHR08
| | Cretaraneus vilaltae Selden 1990S93
| | AcrometidaeS93
| | AdjutoridaeS93
| | |--Ajunctor similis Petrunkevitch 1942S93
| | |--Admissor aculeatus Petrunkevitch 1942S93
| | `--AdjutorS93
| | |--A. deformis Petrunkevitch 1958S93
| | `--A. mirabilis Petrunkevitch 1942S93
| | Ephalmator [Ephalmatoridae]S93
| | |--E. eximius Petrunkevitch 1958S93
| | `--E. fossilis Petrunkevitch 1958S93
| | ZarqaraneidaeW19
| | CretamysmenidaeW19
| |--TheridiidaeSC20
| `--+--+--TheridiosomatidaeWC17
| | `--MysmenidaeWC17
| `--+--+--+--NesticidaeSC20
| | | `--+--AraneidaeSC20
| | | `--+--SymphytognathidaeWC17
| | | `--+--AnapidaeWC17
| | | `--SynaphridaeS03
| | | |--Crassignatha Wunderlich 1994S03
| | | |--Iardinus Simon 1899S03
| | | |--Synaphris Simon 1894S03
| | | `--Cepheia Simon 1894S03
| | | `--C. longiseta Simon 1881S03
| | `--+--+--CyatholipidaeWC17
| | | `--PhysoglenidaeWC17
| | `--LinyphioideaJD-S07
| | |--LinyphiidaeSC20
| | `--PimoidaeJD-S07
| | |--Nanoa Hormiga, Buckle & Scharff 2005JD-S07
| | | `--N. enanaWC17
| | `--Pimoa Chamberin & Ivie 1943JD-S07
| | |--P. altioculata Chamberlin & Ivie 1943SC97
| | `--P. lauraeJD-S07
| `--+--MalkaridaeWC17
| `--+--MimetidaeWC17
| `--+--TetragnathidaeSC20
| `--ArkyidaeSC20
`--+--EresidaeWC17
`--+--+--DeinopidaeWC17
| | |--Avella P.-Cambridge 1877JD-S07
| | |--Avellopsis Purcell 1904JD-S07
| | |--Eodeinopes longipes Wunderlich 2017W19
| | |--Menneus Simon 1876JD-S07
| | | |--M. camelusJD-S07
| | | `--M. capensisWC17
| | |--Deinopis MacLeay 1839PVD10
| | | |--D. bicornisB96
| | | |--D. kollari Doleschall 1859D59
| | | |--D. ravidusB96
| | | |--D. spinosa Marx 1889SC97
| | | `--D. subrufa (Koch 1879)PVD10
| | `--Palaeomicromenneus lebanensisSC20
| `--OecobioideaWC17
| |--OecobiidaeGC99
| `--HersiliidaeWC17
`--+--UloboridaeWC17
`--TitanoecoideaWC17
|--+--PhyxelididaeWC17
| `--AmaurobioideaWC17
`--TitanoecidaeWC17
| i. s.: Anuvinda Lehtinen 1967JD-S07
|--+--Pandava Lehtinen 1967WC17, JD-S07
| | `--P. sarasvatiWC17
| `--Goeldia Keyserling 1891WC17, JD-S07
`--+--Nurscia Simon 1874WC17, JD-S07
| `--N. albofasciataWC17
`--Titanoeca Thorell 1869WC17, JD-S07
|--T. americanaR14
|--T. obscuraJD-S07
`--T. sibirica Koch 1880S06

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B96] Brunet, B. 1996. Spiderwatch: A Guide to Australian Spiders. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

[D59] Doleschall, C. L. 1859. Tweede Bijdrage tot de kennis der Arachniden van den Indischen Archipel. Verhandelingen der Natuurkundige Vereeniging in Nederlandsch Indie [Acta Societatis Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae] 5 (5): 1–60, pls 1–18.

[E90] Eberhard, W. G. 1990. Early stages of orb construction by Philoponella vicinia, Leucauge mariana, and Nephila clavipes (Araneae, Uloboridae and Tetragnathidae), and their phylogenetic implications. Journal of Arachnology 18: 205–234.

[GC99] Griswold, C. E., J. A. Coddington, N. I. Platnick & R. R. Forster. 1999. Towards a phylogeny of entelegyne spiders (Araneae, Araneomorphae, Entelegynae). Journal of Arachnology 27: 53–63.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[NS00] Nicholls, D. C., P. J. Sirvid, S. D. Pollard & M. Walker. 2000. A list of arachnid primary types held in Canterbury Museum. Records of the Canterbury Museum 14: 37–48.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[R14] Ramírez, M. J. 2014. The morphology and phylogeny of dionychan spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 390: 1–374.

[SC97] Scharff, N., & J. A. Coddington. 1997. A phylogenetic analysis of the orb-weaving spider family Araneidae (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 120: 355–434.

[SC20] Scharff, N., J. A. Coddington, T. A. Blackledge, I. Agnarsson, V. W. Framenau, T. Szűts, C. Y. Hayashi & D. Dimitrov. 2020. Phylogeny of the orb-weaving spider family Araneidae (Araneae: Araneoidea). Cladistics 36: 1–21.

[S03] Schütt, K. 2003. Phylogeny of Symphytognathidae s.l. (Araneae, Araneoidea). Zoologica Scripta 32 (2): 129–151.

[S93] Selden, P. A. 1993. Arthropoda (Aglaspidida, Pycnogonida and Chelicerata). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 297–320. Chapman & Hall: London.

[SHR08] Selden, P. A., Huang D. & Ren D. 2008. Palpimanoid spiders from the Jurassic of China. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 306–321.

[S06] Strand, E. 1906. Die arktischen Araneae, Opiliones und Chernetes. In: Römer, F., & F. Schaudinn (eds) Fauna Arctica. Eine Zusammenstellun der arktischen Tierformen, mit besonder Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898 vol. 4 pp. 431–478. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

[WC17] Wheeler, W. C., J. A. Coddington, L. M. Crowley, D. Dimitrov, P. A. Goloboff, C. E. Griswold, G. Hormiga, L. Prendini, M. J. Ramírez, P. Sierwald, L. Almeida-Silva, F. Alvarez-Padilla, M. A. Arnedo, L. R. Benavides Silva, S. P. Benjamin, J. E. Bond, C. J. Grismado, E. Hasan, M. Hedin, M. A. Izquierdo, F. M. Labarque, J. Ledford, L. Lopardo, W. P. Maddison, J. A. Miller, L. N. Piacentini, N. I. Platnick, D. Polotow, D. Silva-Dávila, N. Scharff, T. Szűts, D. Ubick, C. J. Vink, H. M. Wood & J. Zhang. 2017. The spider tree of life: phylogeny of Araneae based on target-gene analyses from an extensive taxon sampling. Cladistics 33: 574–616.

[W19] Wunderlich, J. 2019. What is a spider? Cretaceous fossils modify strongly phylogenetics as well as diagnoses of families, superfamilies and even suborders of spiders (Araneida) and other arthropods. Beiträge zur Araneologie 12: 1–32.

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