Enterobacteriaceae

Culture of Enterobacter cloacae on Oxoid Brilliance CRE agar, copyright Nathan Reading.

Belongs within: Enterobacterales.
Contains: Escherichia, Citrobacter.

The Enterobacteriaceae are a clade of catalase-positive, oxidase-negative proteobacteria united by molecular data (Adeolu et al. 2016). Many species are associated with the gut biota of animals.

Enterobacteriaceae
| i. s.: AlterococcusGH01
| Calymmatobacterium granulomaGH01, E83
| SaccharobacterGH01
| BiostraticolaAA16
| EnterobacillusAA16
| GibbsiellaAA16
| IzhakiellaAA16
| PseudocitrobacterAA16
| RosenbergiellaAA16
|--+--Buttiauxella agrestisAA16
| `--CedeceaAA16
| |--C. davisaeAA16
| `--+--‘Klebsiella’ michiganensisAA16
| `--C. neteriAA16
`--+--+--MangrovibacterAA16
| `--Shimwellia blattaeAA16
`--+--+--SiccibacterAA16
| | |--S. colletisAA16
| | `--S. turicensisAA16
| `--+--Atlantibacter hermanniiAA16
| `--+--FranconibacterAA16
| | |--F. helveticusAA16
| | `--F. pulverisAA16
| `--CronobacterAA16
| |--C. condimentiAA16
| `--+--+--C. dublinensisAA16
| | `--C. muytjensiiAA16
| `--+--C. universalisAA16
| `--+--C. malonaticusAA16
| `--E. sakazakiiAA16
`--+--+--‘Escherichia’ vulnerisAA16
| `--+--+--‘Enterobacter’ massiliensisAA16
| | `--‘Kluyvera’ intermediaAA16
| `--+--‘Klebsiella’ planticolaAA16
| `--KosakoniaAA16
| |--K. radicincitansAA16
| `--+--K. oryzaeAA16
| `--K. sacchariAA16
`--+--+--Leclercia adecarboxylataAA16
| `--EnterobacterAA16
| | i. s.: E. agglomeransBSK01
| | E. cowanii Inoue et al. 2001JC08
| | E. pyrinusGC04
| |--+--E. hormaecheiAA16
| | `--+--Lelliottia amnigenaAA16
| | `--E. xiangfangensisAA16
| `--+--E. ludwigiiAA16
| `--+--E. cloacaeAA16
| `--+--E. asburiaeAA16
| `--E. kobeiAA16
`--+--+--EscherichiaAA16
| `--CitrobacterAA16
`--+--+--+--‘Enterobacter’ lignolyticusAA16
| | `--Pluralibacter gergoviaeAA16
| `--+--YokenellaAA16 [incl. KoserellaS92]
| | `--Y. regensburgeiAA16
| `--TrabulsiellaAA16
| |--T. guamensisAA16
| `--T. odontotermitisAA16
`--+--KluyveraAA16
| |--K. ascorbataAA16
| `--K. cryocrescensAA16
`--+--+--‘Klebsiella’ oxytocaAA16
| `--RaoultellaAA16
| |--R. terrigenaAA16
| `--+--R. ornithinolyticaAA16
| `--R. planticolaAA16
`--+--‘Enterobacter’ aerogenes Kruse 1896AA16, GPN97 [=Klebsiella aerogenesC79]
`--KlebsiellaAA16
| i. s.: K. ozaenaePHK96
| K. rhinoscleromatisPHK96
| K. terraginaE92
|--K. variicolaAA16
`--+--K. pneumoniaeAA16
`--K. quasipneumoniaeAA16

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AA16] Adeolu, M., S. Alnajar, S. Naushad & R. S. Gupta. 2016. Genome-based phylogeny and taxonomy of the ‘Enterobacteriales’: proposal for Enterobacterales ord. nov. divided into the families Enterobacteriaceae, Erwiniaceae fam. nov., Pectobacteriaceae fam. nov., Yersiniaceae fam. nov., Hafniaceae fam. nov., Morganellaceae fam. nov., and Budviciaceae fam. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 66: 5575–5599.

[BSK01] Brenner, D. J., J. T. Staley & N. R. Krieg. 2001. Classification of procaryotic organisms and the concept of bacterial speciation. In: Boone, D. R., R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity (eds) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2nd ed. vol. 1. The Archaea and the Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria pp. 27–31. Springer.

[C79] Carlile, M. J. 1979. Bacterial, fungal and slime mould colonies. In: Larwood, G., & B. R. Rosen (eds) Biology and Systematics of Colonial Organisms pp. 3–27. Academic Press: London.

[E92] Eady, R. R. 1992. The dinitrogen-fixing bacteria. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 534–553. Springer-Verlag: New York.

[E83] Ewald, P. W. 1983. Host-parasite relations, vectors, and the evolution of disease severity. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 14: 465–485.

[GC04] Gardan, L., R. Christen, W. Achouak & P. Prior. 2004. Erwinia papayae sp. nov., a pathogen of papaya (Carica papaya). International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 54: 107–113.

[GH01] Garrity, G. M., & J. G. Holt. 2001. The road map to the Manual. In: Boone, D. R., R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity (eds) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2nd ed. vol. 1. The Archaea and the Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria pp. 119–166. Springer.

[GPN97] Gatenby, C. M., B. C. Parker & R. J. Neves. 1997. Growth and survival of juvenile rainbow mussels, Villosa iris (Lea, 1829) (Bivalvia: Unionidae), reared on algal diets and sediment. American Malacological Bulletin 14 (1): 57–66.

[JC08] Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. 2008. Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 58: 1755–1763.

[PHK96] Prescott, L. M., J. P. Harley & D. A. Klein. 1996. Microbiology 3rd ed. Wm. C. Brown Publishers: Dubuque (Iowa).

[S92] Stackebrandt, E. 1992. Unifying phylogeny and phenotypic diversity. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 19–47. Springer-Verlag: New York.

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