Enterogona

Aplidium solidum, copyright James Watanabe.

Belongs within: Urochordata.
Contains: Didemnidae, Polyclinidae, Ascidiidae.

The Enterogona are a group of tunicates united by features of the larva, in which the atrial cavity develops from paired dorsal invaginations.

<==Enterogona
    |--AplousobranchiataS79
    |    |--DidemnidaeS79
    |    |--PolyclinidaeS79
    |    `--ClavelinaMG-H11 [ClavelinidaeS79]
    |         |--C. arafurensis Tokioka 1952BS17
    |         |--C. gemmae Turón 2005F05
    |         |--C. huntsmaniSBM11
    |         |--C. lepadiformis (Müller 1776)LB12
    |         |--C. meridionalis (Herdman 1891)MG-H11
    |         |--C. moluccensis (Sluiter 1904)BS17
    |         `--C. robusta Kott 1990BS17
    `--PhlebobranchiataS79
         |--PerophoridaeS79
         |    |--PerophoraS79
         |    |    |--P. listeriM62
         |    |    `--P. modificata Kott 1985BS17
         |    `--EcteinascidiaBS17
         |         |--E. sluiteri Herdman 1906BS17
         |         `--E. turbinata Herdman 1880N02
         |--‘Agnesia’ Michaelsen 1898 non de Koninck 1883 [Agnesiidae]M86
         |    `--A. tenue Monniot & Monniot 1983M86
         |--DiazonidaeS79
         |    |--Rhopalaea crassa (Herdman 1880)MG-H11
         |    `--Diazona violaceaPP64
         |--Ciona [Cionidae]HJ08
         |    |--C. intestinalis (Linnaeus 1767)HJ08
         |    `--C. savignyiJ-GP07
         |--CorellidaeM86
         |    |--Dextrogaster Monniot 1962M86
         |    |    `--D. suecica Monniot 1962M86
         |    |--Corella Alder & Hancock 1870M86
         |    |    |--C. halli Kott 1951M86
         |    |    `--C. parallellogrammaBK77
         |    `--RhodosomaBS17
         |         |--R. turcicum (Savigny 1816)BS17
         |         `--R. verecundumPP64
         `--AscidiidaeHJ08
Enterogona incertae sedis:
  HolozoidaeMG-H11
    |--Sycozoa seiziwadai Tokioka 1952MG-H11
    |--DistapliaBS17
    |    |--D. mikropnoa (Sluiter 1909)BS17
    |    `--D. occidentalisSBM11
    |--Hypodistoma deerratum (Sluiter 1895)BS17
    `--SigillinaBS17
         |--S. australis Savigny 1816MG-H11
         |--S. cyanea (Herdman 1899)MG-H11
         |--S. grandissima Kott 1990MG-H11
         `--S. signifera (Sluiter 1909)BS17
  PolycitoridaeMG-H11
    |--Cystodytes dellachiajei (Della Valle 1877)MG-H11
    |--Eucoelium coronarium (Monniot 1988)MG-H11
    |--Metrocarpa nigrumPP64
    |--Paradistoma cristallinumPP64
    |--AmarouciumPP64
    |    |--A. constellatumB79
    |    |--A. pellucidumB79
    |    `--A. profundumPP64
    `--EudistomaMG-H11
         |--E. amplum (Sluiter 1909)BS17
         |--E. convocatum Kott 2008MG-H11
         |--E. eboreum Kott 1990MG-H11
         |--E. paesslerioidesPP64
         `--E. planumPP64
  ProtopolyclinidaeMG-H11
    |--Pseudodiazona longigona (Tokioka 1959)MG-H11
    `--CondominiumMG-H11
         |--C. areolatum (Kott 1963)MG-H11
         `--C. floreum Kott 2008MG-H11
  Pseudodistoma [Pseudodistomidae]MG-H11
    `--P. australe Kott 1957MG-H11

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BK77] Barel, C. D. N., & P. G. N. Kramers. 1977. A survey of the echinoderm associates of the north-east Atlantic area. Zoologische Verhandelingen 156: 1–159.

[BS17] Bryce, C., & A. Sampey. 2017. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: additional phyla (Brachiopoda, Bryozoa, Annelida, Platyhelminthes, Sipuncula, Cnidaria and Chordata). Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 84: 345–361.

[B79] Buss, L. W. 1979. Habitat selection, directional growth and spatial refuges: why colonial animals have more hiding places. In: Larwood, G., & B. R. Rosen (eds) Biology and Systematics of Colonial Organisms pp. 459–497. Academic Press: London.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[HJ08] Huisman, J. M., D. S. Jones, F. E. Wells & T. Burton. 2008. Introduced marine biota in Western Australian waters. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 1–44.

[J-GP07] Jiménez-Guri, E., H. Philippe, B. Okamura & P. W. H. Holland. 2007. Buddenbrockia is a cnidarian worm. Science 317: 116–118.

[LB12] Luque, Á. A., A. Barrajón, J. M. Remón, D. Moreno & L. Moro. 2012. Marginella glabella (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Marginellidae): a new alien species from tropical West Africa established in southern Mediterranean Spain through a new introduction pathway. Marine Biodiversity Records 5: e17.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[M62] Monniot, F. 1962. Recherches sur les graviers a Amphioxus de la région de Banyuls-sur-Mer. Vie et Milieu 13: 231–322.

[M86] Monniot, F. 1986. Urochordata=Tunicata: les ascidies interstitielles. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 705–708. E. J. Brill/Dr. W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[N02] Newman, L. J. 2002. A new euryleptid flatworm (Platyhelminthes, Polycladida) associated with a colonial ascidian from the Great Barrier Reef. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 48: 169–172.

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[S79] Sabbadin, A. 1979. Colonial structure and genetic patterns in ascidians. In: Larwood, G., & B. R. Rosen (eds) Biology and Systematics of Colonial Organisms pp. 433–444. Academic Press: London.

[SBM11] Solomon, E. P., L. R. Berg & D. W. Martin (eds) 2011. Biology 9th ed. Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning.

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