Epilohmanniidae

Ventral view of Epilohmannia sp., copyright Nora Berg.

Belongs within: Holonota.

The Epilohmanniidae are a group of moderately elongated, brown-coloured oribatid mites found in a variety of soil types (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009). They are divided between two genera with species of Epilohmannia possessing a transverse line between the genital and anal plates and usually more than seven pairs of genital setae; Epilohmannoides species lack a line between said plates and possess seven pairs of genital setae.

Characters (from Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009): Body small to large (320–800 µm); dichoid, with unusually broad sejugal articulation; somewhat cylindrical, moderately elongated; proterosoma without noticeable posterior constriction. Colour yellowish to dark reddish brown, moderately sclerotised. Prodorsum stegasime, but rostrum sometimes strongly emarginated laterally; with two pairs of exobothridial setae. Bothridial seta filiform to clavate, never pectinate; bothridium with or without brachytracheae or porose pockets. Notogastral setae f1, f2 absent, represented only by inconspicuous alveoli. Opisthonotal gland present. Hysterosoma ventrally with much fusion: epimera III and IV fused medially and to each other but outlined by borders and apodemes; epimere IV fused to hypertrophied aggenital plates, which themselves broadly fuse anterior to genital plates; adanal plates fuse anterior to anal plates. Aggenital and adanal region separated by transverse scissure or indistinguishably fused; ofen with 3 pairs of aggenital setae, or neotrichous; with 3 pairs each of anal and adanal setae. Subcapitulum stenarthric; mentum fused with coxisternum or not. Palpi with 2–3 free segments, with at least palptrochanter, femur, and genu fused (tibia may be distinct but not independently movable). Chelicerae robust, chelate-dentate, without Trägårdh’s organ; rutella strongly developed, distally toothed. Leg pretarsi monodactylous. Tibia I solenidion flagellate; seta d of genua and tibiae not independent, absent or minute, inconspicuous, and coupled to solenidion.

<==Epilohmanniidae [Epilohmannioidea, Lesseriidae]S04
    |--Epilohmannoides Jacot 1936 [incl. Iburidania Aoki 1959]S04
    |    |--*E. terrae Jacot 1936S04
    |    |--E. bipectinatus (Aoki 1959) [=Iburidania bipectinata; incl. E. kishidai Ohkubo 2002]S04
    |    |--E. esulcatus Ohkubo 1979S04
    |    |--E. jacoti Norton, Metz & Sharma 1978S04
    |    |--E. rabori (Corpuz-Raros 1979) [=Epilohmannia rabori]S04
    |    |--E. wallworki Hammer 1981S04
    |    `--E. xena (Mahunka 1983) [=Epilohmannia xena]S04
    `--Epilohmannia Berlese 1910 (see below for synonymy)S04
         |--*E. cylindrica (Berlese 1904)S04 [=Lohomannia (l. c.) cylindricaCH98, Lohmannia cylindricaS04]
         |    |--E. c. cylindricaS04 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--E. c. media Lee 1985S04
         |    `--E. c. minima Schuster 1960S04 [=E. szanisloi minimaBA85]
         |--E. amygdaliformis Berlese 1916S04
         |--E. barbatula Balogh 1958 (n. d.)S04
         |--E. cultrata Woolley 1966S04
         |--E. daghestanica Karppinen & Shtanchaeva 1987S04
         |--E. dimorpha Wallwork 1962S04
         |--E. dolosa Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1985S04
         |--E. flagellifer Mahunka 1987S04
         |--E. flexuosa Wallwork 1962S04
         |--E. gigantea Berlese 1916S04
         |--E. guarani Balogh & Mahunka 1977S04
         |--E. heterotricha Mahunka 1966S04
         |--E. imreorum Bayoumi & Mahunka 1976S04
         |--E. inexpectata Schuster 1960S04
         |--E. insignipes Balogh 1964S04
         |--E. kulaginae Shtanchaeva 1993S04
         |--E. lenkoi Balogh & Mahunka 1977S04
         |--E. mahunkai Calugar & Vasiliu 1983S04
         |--E. maurii Fernández 1978S04
         |--E. minuta Berlese 1920 [incl. E. elongata Banks 1947]S04
         |--E. multisetosa Hammer 1971S04
         |--E. neotricha Wallwork 1962S04
         |--E. norberti Moreno & Moraza 1994S04
         |--E. nortoni Mahunka 1977S04
         |--E. ornata Mahunka 1993S04
         |--E. ovalis Berlese 1916S04
         |--E. ovata Aoki 1961S04
         |--E. pallida Wallwork 1962S04
         |    |--E. p. pallidaS04
         |    |--E. p. aegyptica Bayoumi & Mahunka 1976S04
         |    |--E. p. americana Balogh & Mahunka 1981S04
         |    |--E. p. areolata Sarkar & Subías 1982S04
         |    |--E. p. australica Lee 1985S04
         |    |--E. p. indica Bhattacharya & Banerjee 1979S04
         |    |--E. p. pacifica Aoki 1965S04
         |    `--E. p. rugosa Sarkar & Subías 1982S04
         |--E. pilosa Li & Chen 1990S04
         |--E. praetritia Berlese 1916S04
         |--E. puella Berlese 1916 [incl. E. nota McDaniel & Bolen 1983]S04
         |--E. schusteri Calugar & Vasiliu 1976S04
         |--E. sculpturata Balogh & Mahunka 1980S04
         |--E. shtanchaevae Bayartogtokh 2000S04
         |--E. spathulata Aoki 1970S04
         |--E. spathuloides Bayartogtokh 2000S04
         |--E. styriaca Schuster 1960S04
         |--E. taeda (Bolen & McDaniel 1989) [=Neoepilohmannia taeda]S04
         |--E. taiwanica Tseng 1982S04
         `--E. zwarti Hammen 1986S04

Epilohmannia Berlese 1910 [incl. Lesseria Oudemans 1917, Neoepilohmannia Bolen & McDaniel 1989, Sinolohmannia Balogh & Mahunka 1979]S04

*Epilohmannia cylindrica cylindrica (Berlese 1904)S04 [incl. Phthiracarus szanisloi Oudemans 1915S04, E. szanisloiA65, *Lesseria szanisloiCH98, A65, E. verrucosa Jacot 1934S04]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A65] Aoki, J. 1965. Notes on the species of the genus Epilohmannia from the Hawaiian Islands (Acarina: Oribatei). Pacific Insects 7 (2): 309–315.

[BA85] Bernini, F., & R. Arcidiacono. 1985. Notulae oribatologicae XXXVI. A catalogue of the Sicilian oribatids (Acarida, Oribatida). Animalia 12 (1–3): 165–205.

[CH98] Colloff, M. J., & R. B. Halliday. 1998. Oribatid Mites: A catalogue of Australian genera and species. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

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