Erebinae

Blue underwing Catocala fraxini, copyright Harald Süpfle.

Belongs within: Erebidae.
Contains: Melipotini, Euclidiini, Ophiusini, Poaphilini.

The Erebinae are a clade of noctuoid moths identified by molecular data, members of which have a smooth apex on the proboscis with all the styloconic sensilla placed dorsally. Females have the seventh sternite reduced and divided into two lobes with with ostium bursae situated in the cleft between the lobes. Larvae are slender semi-loopers with a pair of dorsolateral tubercles on the eighth abdominal segment.

<==Erebinae [Catocalinae]
|–+–Ugia Walker 1858 ZK11, Z21
|  |    `–U. insuspecta ZK11
|  `–Acantholipes Lederer 1857 ZK11, FL05 [Acantholipini]
|       |–A. circumdata ZK11
|       `–A. regularis ZK11
`–+–Sypnini ZK11
|    |–Sypnoides fumosa ZK11
|    `–Sypna ZK11
`–+–Thysania Dalman 1824 FL05 [Thysaniini ZK11]
|    |–T. agrippina DS73
|    `–T. zenobia DS73
|–+–Pandesma [Pandesmini] ZK11
|  |    |–P. costalis S01
|  |    |–P. pagana Swinhoe 1901 S01
|  |    |–P. robusta ZK11
|  |    `–P. submurina MC13
|  `–+–Heteropalpia acrosticta ZK11
|     `–+–Pericyma Herrich-Schäffer 1851 FL05 [Pericymini ZK11]
|        |    `–P. cruegeri ZK11
|        `–+–Catephiini [Catephidae] ZK11
|           |    |–Anophia acronyctoides WM66
|           |    `–Catephia Ochsenheimer 1816 FL05
|           |         `–C. alchymista ZK11
|           `–Sphingomorpha chlorea ZK11
`–+–+–+–+–Serrodes campana ZK11
|  |  |  `–Melipotini ZK11
|  |  `–+–Erebus Latreille 1910 FL05 [Erebini ZK11]
|  |     |    |–E. ephesperis ZK11
|  |     |    `–E. odora H01
|  |     `–Erygia apicalis ZK11
|  `–+–Sympis rufibasis ZK11
|     `–+–Anisoneura salebrosa ZK11
|        `–Hulodini [Hulodides] ZK11
|             |–Ericeia subcinerea ZK11
|             `–Hulodes Guenée 1852 FL05
|                  `–H. caranea ZK11
`–+–+–Hypopyrini [Hypopyridae] ZK11
|  |    |–Hypopyra Guenée 1852 FL05
|  |    |    `–H. capensis ZK11
|  |    `–Spirama ZK11
|  `–+–Ercheia Walker 1858 FL05 [Ercheini ZK11]
|     |    `–E. cyllaria ZK11
|     `–+–Pantydia ZK11
|        |    |–P. capistrata MC13
|        |    |–P. diemeni ZK11
|        |    `–P. sparsa G84
|        `–Euclidiini ZK11
|–+–Catocalini [Catocalidi] ZK11
|  |    |–Catocala Schrank 1802 FL05
|  |    |    |–C. fraxini DS73
|  |    |    |–C. koreana Staudinger 1892 I92
|  |    |    |–C. nupta DS73
|  |    |    |–C. promissa DS73
|  |    |    `–C. sponsa (Linnaeus 1767) JP05
|  |    `–Ulotrichopus Wallengren 1860 Z21
|  |         |–U. macula ZK11
|  |         `–U. variegata Hampson 1902 Z21
|  `–Audeini ZK11
|       |–Audea Walker 1858 Z21
|       |    `–A. bipunctata ZK11
|       `–Crypsotidia Rothschild 1901 Z21
`–+–Ophiusini ZK11
`–Poaphilini LS13

Erebinae incertae sedis:
Dasypodia selenophora NC91, MC13
Diatenes MC13
|–D. aglossoides MC13
`–D. marmarinopa MC13
Donuca memorabilis MC13
Eudesmeola lawsoni MC13
Prorocopis melanochorda MC13
Lyncestis acontioides [=Melipotis acontioides] PP72
Psorya hadesia PP72
Leistera Swinhoe 1909 Z21
`–*L. pulchristrigata (Bethune-Baker 1906) [=Catephia pulchristrigata] Z21
Cosmophila Boisduval 1833 Z21
`–C. flava (Fabr. 1775) P27
Homodes Guenée 1852 Z21
Hypocala Guenée 1852 [Hypocalini] Z21
Tamba Hübner 1823 Z21
Arytrura John 1912 [Arytrurini] FL05
Brevipecten FL05
Ascalapha Hübner 1809 FL05, Z21
Hemeroblemma FL05
Latebraria FL05
Antiblemma FL05
Athyrma FL05
Omopterini Z21
|–Zale Hübner 1818 FL05, Z21 [incl. Omoptera Guérin-Méneville 1832 FL05]
`–Matigramma Grote 1872 Z21
Amphigonia Guenée 1852 [Amphigoniidae] FL05
Anydrophila John 1909 [Anydrophilini] FL05
Ctenusa Hampson 1910 [Ctenusini] FL05
Hypogramma Guenée 1852 [Hypogrammidae] FL05
Ommatophora Guenée 1852 [Ommatophoridae] FL05
Speiredonia Hübner 1823 [Speiredoniinae] FL05
|–S. mutabilis ZS10
`–S. zamis ZS10
Tachosa Walker 1869 [Tachosini] FL05
Tinolius Walker 1855 [Tinoliidae] FL05
Yrias Guenée 1852 [Yriasidae] FL05
Thermesia Hübner 1823 [Thermesidae] FL05

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[DS73] Dickens, M., & E. Storey. 1973. The World of Moths. Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.: New York.

[FL05] Fibiger, M., & J. D. Lafontaine. 2005. A review of the higher classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera) with special reference to the Holarctic fauna. Esperiana 11: 7–92.

[G84] Gauld, I. D. 1984. An Introduction to the Ichneumonidae of Australia. British Museum (Natural History).

[H01] Hampson, G. F. 1901. The Lepidoptera-Phalaenae of the Bahamas. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 246–261.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[JP05] Jungmann, E., & U. Poller. 2005. Neunachweise und Wiederfunde für die Schmetterlingsfauna (Insecta; Lepidoptera) des Altenburger Landes. Mauritiana 19 (2): 317–326.

[LS13] Lafontaine, J. D., & B. C. Schmidt. 2013. Comments on differences in classification of the superfamily Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) between Eurasia and North America. ZooKeys 264: 209–217.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[NC91] Nielsen, E. S., & I. F. B. Common. 1991. Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 817–915. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[PP72] Parkin, P., D. T. Parkin, A. W. Ewing & H. A. Ford. 1972. A report on the arthropods collected by the Edinburgh University Galapagos Islands expedition, 1968. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 48 (2): 100–107.

[P27] Philpott, A. 1927. New Zealand Lepidoptera: notes and descriptions. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 703–709.

[S01] Swinhoe, C. 1901. New genera and species of eastern and Australian moths (continued). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 489–501.

[WM66] Wallace, A. R., & F. Moore. 1866. List of lepidopterous insects collected at Takow, Formosa, by Mr. R. Swinhoe. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 355–365.

[ZK11] Zahiri, R., I. J. Kitching, J. D. Lafontaine, M. Mutanen, L. Kaila, J. D. Holloway & N. Wahlberg. 2011. A new molecular phylogeny offers hope for a stable family level classification of the Noctuoidea (Lepidoptera). Zoologica Scripta 40 (2): 158–173.

[ZS10] Zborowski, P., & R. Storey. 2010. A Field Guide to Insects in Australia 3rd ed. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

[Z21] Zilli, A. 2021. Tabwecala robinsoni gen. nov., sp. nov., from Vanuatu and its systematic postion in the ‘Ophiusini-Poaphilini’ clade (Lepidoptera, Erebidae). Nota Lepidopterologica 44: 193–211.

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