Winter heath Erica carnea, copyright H. Zell.

Belongs within: Ericaceae.

The Ericeae are a group of trees and shrubs with ericoid leaves and flowers with gradually tapered styles and often a persistent corolla (Kron et al. 2002).

Characters (from Kron et al. 2002): Shrubs to trees. Leaves evergreen, 3- or 4(6)-whorled, rarely decussate or alternate, ericoid, revolute in bud. Leaf epidermal cells not lignified. Indumentum of unbranched or branched, glandular to non-glandular hairs. Inflorescence racemose to umbellate, at end of branch; bract always present, on the main axis or partially recaulescent to fully recaulescent forming the abaxial lobe of calyx; bracteoles lacking, solitary, or paired, usually fully recaulescent as the lateral lobes of calyx, rarely more than 2. Flowers usually 4-merous, actinomorphic. Calyx lobes 1–4(–5), or lacking, variable in size, persistent; corolla sympetalous, urceolate, cylindric, or campanulate, the lobes more or less small, usually persistent. Stamens (3–)8(–10), sometimes exserted, the filaments straight to S-shaped, distinct or connate, unicellular-pubescent or smooth; anthers variably roughened, with or without a pair of dorsal appendages, dehiscing by terminal pores. Pollen without viscin threads. Ovary (1–)4(–8)-locular, with axile placentation, superior; style gradually tapered or impressed; stigma truncate, capitate, peltate, cup-shaped, funnel-shaped, or strongly 4-lobed, considerably enlarged in wind pollinated species. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, indehiscent pod, or drupe; seeds with variable testa cells; embryo with 2 cotyledons.

<==Ericeae (see below for synonymy)
| i. s.: EleutherostemonS56
| |--D. cantabricaKJ02
| `--D. polifolia [incl. Erica daboecia]C55a
`--+--Calluna vulgarisKJ02
`--EricaKJ02 [incl. SyndesmanthusH03, ThoracospermaH03]
|--‘Philippia’ abyssinicaH03
|--E. arboreaH03
|--E. australisKJ02
|--E. calcareophilaH03
|--E. carnea Linnaeus 1753CD07
|--E. cerinthoidesH03
|--E. cinereaR-RR-GM-S98
|--E. coccineaH03
|--E. lusitanicaBS01
|--E. manipuliflora Salisbury 1802PL04
|--E. mariaeH03
|--E. multifloraH03
|--E. oblongifloraH03
|--E. occultaH03
|--E. petrophilaH03
|--E. ribisariaH03
|--E. scopariaC55b
|--E. siculaKJ02
|--E. spiculifoliaKJ02
|--E. subdivaricataH03
|--E. tetralixKJ02
|--E. trichostigmaH03
|--E. urna-viridisH03
`--E. viridifloraKJ02

Ericeae [Calluneae, Daboecieae, Eleutherostemoneae, Eleutherostemones, Eleutherostemoninae, Ericinae, Salaxideae, Salaxidinae]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BS01] Bannister, P., & G. L. Strong. 2001. The distribution and population structure of the temperate mistletoe Ileostylus micranthus in the Northern Cemetery, Dunedin, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 39: 225–233.

[C55a] Candolle, A. de. 1855a. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C55b] Candolle, A. de. 1855b. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1–E44.

[H03] Heads, M. 2003. Ericaceae in Malesia: vicariance biogeography, terrane tectonics and ecology. Telopea 10 (1): 311–449.

[KJ02] Kron, K. A., W. S. Judd, P. F. Stevens, D. M. Crayn, A. A. Anderberg, P. A. Gadek, C. J. Quinn & J. L. Luteyn. 2002. Phylogenetic classification of Ericaceae: Molecular and morphological evidence. Botanical Review 68: 335–423.

[PL04] Pohl, G., & I. Lenski. 2004. Zur Verbreitung und Vergesellschaftung von Pennisetum orientale Rich. in Nordeuböa (Griechenland) (Poaceae, Paniceae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 83 (2): 209–223.

[R-RR-GM-S98] Ramil-Rego, P., M. Rodríguez-Guitián & C. Muñoz-Sobrino. 1998. Sclerophyllous vegetation dynamics in the north of the Iberian peninsula during the last 16,000 years. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters 7: 335–351.

[S56] Smith, A. C. 1956. Studies of South American plants, XVI. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 46 (4): 113–115.

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