Erigone

Male Erigone atra, copyright Michael Hohner.

Belongs within: Linyphiidae.

Erigone is a cosmopolitan genus of small spiders, one of the group commonly known as ‘money spiders’. The genus is most diverse in the Holarctic region. Many species are widespread and are probably good aerial dispersers.

Characters (from here): Margin of carapace bearing teeth (large in male, small in female); tibial spination 2-2-1-1, tibia I without ventral spines; metatarsus IV without trichobothrion.

<==Erigone Audouin 1826 [Erigoneae]PVD10
    |--E. arctica (White 1852)BBM02
    |--E. atra (Blackwall 1833)BH02
    |--E. autumnalis Emerton 1882WCH11
    |--E. brachyopis Koch 1880S06
    |--E. camtschadalica Kulcz. 1885S06
    |--E. coloradensis Keys. 1886S06
    |--E. dentipalpis (Wider 1834)SS02
    |--E. dentosaBS09
    |--E. deserta Koch 1880S06
    |--E. diversa Koch 1880S06
    |--E. eisenschmidti Wunderlich 1976W76
    |--E. faceta Koch 1880S06
    |--E. famelica Keys. 1886S06
    |--E. famularis Keys. 1886S06
    |--E. ferrumequinum (Grube 1862)S06
    |--E. formicaS06
    |--E. graminicolaK01
    |--E. groenlandica Lenz 1897S06
    |--E. holmgreni Thorell 1871S06
    |--E. incerta Koch 1880S06
    |--E. incondita Koch 1880S06
    |--E. leviceps Koch 1880S06
    |--E. longipalpis (Sundevall 1830)BBM02
    |--E. mendica Koch 1880S06
    |--E. modesta Thorell 1872S06
    |--E. penessa Thorell 1878S06
    |--E. piechockii Heimer 1987MKD01
    |--E. polaris Keys. 1886S06
    |--E. praepulchraS06
    |--E. prominens Bösenberg & Strand 1906PVD10
    |--E. promiscua (Cambridge 1873)BBM02
    |--E. psychrophila Thorell 1871S06
    |--E. remota Koch 1869S06
    |--E. schumaginensis Keys. 1886S06
    |--E. semiflava Koch 1880S06
    |--E. sibiriana Keys. 1886S06
    |--E. simillima Keys. 1886S06
    |--E. tirolensis Koch 1872S06
    |--E. ululabilis Keys. 1886S06
    |--E. umbraticola Keys. 1886S06
    |--E. urusta Keys. 1886S06
    |--E. vacerosaS06
    |--E. vagans Audouin 1827 [incl. E. jeannei Bristowe 1935]W77
    |--E. viariaS06
    |--E. whymperi Cambr. 1877S06
    `--E. wiltoni Locket 1973PVD10
Nomina nuda: Erigone alascensisS06
             Erigone algensS06
             Erigone beaniS06
             Erigone frigidulaS06
             Erigone murdochiS06
             Erigone mystaceaS06
             Erigone nivicolaS06
             Erigone septentrionalisS06
             Erigone tristisS06
             Erigone turneriS06

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BH02] Bell, J. R., A. J. Haughton, N. D. Boatman & A. Wilcox. 2002. Do incremental increases of the herbicide glyphosate have indirect consequences for spider communities? Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 288–297.

[BS09] Blackledge, T. A., N. Scharff, J. A. Coddington, T. Szüts, J. W. Wenzel, C. Y. Hayashi & I. Agnarsson. 2009. Reconstructing web evolution and spider diversification in the molecular era. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (13): 5229–5234.

[BBM02] Bonte, D., L. Baert & J.-P. Maelfait. 2002. Spider assemblage structure and stability in a heterogeneous coastal dune system (Belgium). Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 331–343.

[K01] Kulczyński, V. 1901. Arachnoideák [Arachnoidea]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 311–369. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[MKD01] Marusik, Y. M., S. Koponen & S. N. Danilov. 2001. Taxonomic and faunistic notes on linyphiids of Transbaikalia and South Siberia (Araneae, Linyphiidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 12 (2): 83–92.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[SS02] Samu, F., & C. Szinetár. 2002. On the nature of agrobiont spiders. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 389–402.

[S06] Strand, E. 1906. Die arktischen Araneae, Opiliones und Chernetes. In: Römer, F., & F. Schaudinn (eds) Fauna Arctica. Eine Zusammenstellun der arktischen Tierformen, mit besonder Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898 vol. 4 pp. 431–478. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

[WCH11] Welch, K. D., P. R. Crain & J. D. Harwood. 2011. Phenological dynamics of web-building spider populations in alfalfa: implications for biological control. Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 244–249.

[W76] Wunderlich, J. 1976. Spinnen aus Australien. 2. Linyphiidae (Arachnida: Araneida). Senckenbergiana Biologica 57 (1–3): 125–142.

[W77] Wunderlich, J. 1977. Zur Synonymie südeuropäischer Spinnen (Arachnida: Araneida: Theridiidae, Linyphiidae, Gnaphosidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 57 (4–6): 289–293.

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