European hedgehog Erinaceus europaeus, copyright Jörg Hempel.

Belongs within: Erinaceidae.

The Erinaceinae, hedgehogs, are Old World insectivores in which hairs on the dorsum (of living species, at least) have become modified into stiff spines.

    |--Scymnerix Lopatin 2003 [Scymnericini]L03
    |    `--*S. tartareus Lopatin 2003L03
    |    |--Palaeoscaptor Matthew & Granger 1924L03, V67
    |    |    `--P. acridens Matthew & Granger 1924L03
    |    |--Dimylechinus Hürzeler 1944L03, V67
    |    |    `--D. bernoulliiL03
    |    `--Amphechinus Aymard 1850 [incl. Palaeoerinaceus Filhol 1879, Parvericius Koerner 1940]V67
    |         |--A. edwardsiM60
    |         |--A. gigas Lopatin 2002L03
    |         |--‘Palaeoerinaceus’ intermediusA05
    |         |--A. kansuensis Bohlin 1942L03
    |         |--A. marslandensis (Meade 1941) [=Metechinus marslandensis]V67
    |         |--A. minimus Bohlin 1942L03
    |         |--A. montanus (Koerner 1940) [=Parvericius montanus]V67
    |         |--A. rusingensis Butler 1956Bu78
    |         `--A. rectus (Matthew & Granger 1924)L03
         |  i. s.: Protechinus Lavocat 1961V67
         |           `--P. salis Lavocat 1961Bu78
         |         Mioechinus Butler 1948V67
         |           `--M. oeningensisBu78
         |         Postpalerinaceus Crusafont-Pairó & Villalta-Comella 1948V67
         |           `--P. vireti Crusafont & Villalta 1948Bu78
         |         Gymnurechinus Butler 1965V67
         |           |--G. camptolophus Butler 1956Bu78
         |           |--G. leakeyi Butler 1956Bu78
         |           `--G. songhorensis Butler 1956Bu78
         |--+--Mesechinus Ognev 1951FS15, V67
         |  |    |--M. dauuricusFS15
         |  |    `--M. hughiFS15
         |  `--Hemiechinus Fitzinger 1866FS15, V67 [incl. Ericius Sundevall 1842V67, Erinaceolus Ognev 1928V67]
         |       |--H. aethiopicusIT07
         |       |--H. auritusV02
         |       |--H. collarisFS15
         |       |--H. hypomelasIT07
         |       |--H. megalotisGM71
         |       |--H. micropusIT07
         |       `--H. nudiventrisIT07
         `--+--Paraechinus Trouessart 1879FS15, V67 [incl. Macroechinus Satunin 1907V67]
            |    |--P. hypomelasFS15
            |    `--+--P. aethiopicusFS15
            |       `--+--P. micropusFS15
            |          `--P. nudiventrisFS15
            `--+--Atelerix Pomel 1848FS15, V67
               |   |  i. s.: A. broomi (Broom 1937) [=Erinaceus (Atelerix) broomi; incl. Atelerix major Broom 1937]Bu78
               |   |--A. frontalisFS15 [=Erinaceus frontalisBi78]
               |   `--+--A. algirusFS15 [=Aethechinus algirusJP84, Erinaceus (Atelerix) algirusBu78]
               |      `--+--A. albiventris (Wagner 1841)FS15, K92 (see below for synonymy)
               |         `--A. sclateriFS15 [=Erinaceus (Atelerix) sclateriBu78]
               `--Erinaceus Linnaeus 1758FS15, P04 (see below for synonymy)
                    |  i. s.: E. aethiopicusAW01
                    |         E. auritusC01
                    |         E. desertiAW01
                    |         E. dorsalis Anderson & Winton 1901AW01
                    |         E. macrocanthusAW01
                    |         E. megalotisA56
                    |         E. mumbyanusB-H00
                    |         E. sansaniensisBu78
                    |--+--*E. europaeus Linnaeus 1758L58, FS15, K92
                    |  |    |--E. e. europaeusB-H00 [incl. E. erinaceus occidentalis Barrett-Hamilton 1900L00, B-H00]
                    |  |    |--E. e. consolei Barrett-Hamilton 1900B-H00
                    |  |    |--E. e. dealbatus Swinhoe 1870B-H00
                    |  |    |--E. e. hispanicus Barrett-Hamilton 1900B-H00
                    |  |    |--E. e. italicus Barrett-Hamilton 1900B-H00
                    |  |    `--E. e. sibiricus Erxleben 1777B-H00
                    |  `--E. amurensis v. Schrenck 1858FS15, B-H00 [=E. europaeus amurensisB-H00]
                    `--+--E. concolor Martin 1837FS15, B-H00 [=E. europaeus concolorB-H00]
                       `--E. roumanicus Barrett-Hamilton 1900FS15, B-H00 [=E. europaeus roumanicusB-H00]

Erinaceus Linnaeus 1758FS15, P04 [incl. Aethechinus Thomas 1918V67, Herinaceus Mina-Palumbo 1868V67, Peroechinus Fitzinger 1866V67, Setiger Geoffroy Saint Hilaire 1803 non Cuvier 1800V67]

Atelerix albiventris (Wagner 1841)FS15, K92 [=Erinaceus albiventrisBu78; incl. E. albiventris atratus Rhoads 1896AS86, E. hindei Thomas 1910AS86, E. sotikae Heller 1910AS86]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AS86] Aggundey, I. R., & D. A. Schlitter. 1986. Annotated checklist of the mammals of Kenya. II. Insectivora and Macroscelidea. Annals of Carnegie Museum 55 (14): 325–347.

[A05] Ameghino, F. 1905. La perforation astragalienne sur quelques mammifères du Miocène moyen de France. Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires, serie 3, 6: 41–58.

[A56] Anastos, G. 1956. The ticks (Acarina: Ixodoidea) of the J. Klapperich Afghanistan Expedition, 1952 and 1953. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 46 (1): 18–19.

[AW01] Anderson, J., & W. E. de Winton. 1901. On an underscribed species of hedgehog from southern Arabia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 42–45.

[B-H00] Barrett-Hamilton, G. E. H. 1900. Note on the common hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus, Linnaeus) and its subspecies or local variations. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 360–368.

[Bi78] Bigalke, R. C. 1978. Present-day mammals of Africa. In: Maglio, V. J., & H. B. S. Cooke (eds) Evolution of African Mammals pp. 1–16. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[Bu78] Butler, P. M. 1978. Insectivora and Chiroptera. In: Maglio, V. J., & H. B. S. Cooke (eds) Evolution of African Mammals pp. 56–68. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[C01] Csiki, E. 1901. Utivázlat [Reiseskizze]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. xii–xli. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[FS15] Faurby, S., & J.-C. Svenning. 2015. A species-level phylogeny of all extant and late Quaternary extinct mammals using a novel heuristic-hierarchical Bayesian approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 14–26.

[GM71] Goodman, M., & G. W. Moore. 1971. Immunodiffusion systematics of the primates I. The Catarrhini. Systematic Zoology 20 (1): 19–62.

[IT07] Isaac, N. J. B., S. T. Turvey, B. Collen, C. Waterman & J. E. M. Baillie. 2007. Mammals on the EDGE: conservation priorities based on threat and phylogeny. PloS One 2 (3): e296.

[JP84] Jolicoeur, P., P. Pirlot, G. Baron & H. Stephan. 1984. Brain structure and correlation patterns in Insectivora, Chiroptera, and Primates. Systematic Zoology 33 (1): 14–29.

[K92] Klompen, J. S. H. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships in the mite family Sarcoptidae (Acari: Astigmata). Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 180: i–vi, 1–154.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[L00] Lönnberg, E. 1900. Note on the individual variation of the common hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus, Linn.). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 542–544.

[L03] Lopatin, A. V. 2003. A new genus of the Erinaceidae (Insectivora, Mammalia) from the Oligocene of Mongolia. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 37: 653–664.

[M60] McKenna, M. C. 1960. The Geolabidinae: a new subfamily of early Cenozoic erinaceoid insectivores. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 37 (2): 131–164.

[P04] Popov, V. V. 2004. Pliocene small mammals (Mammalia, Lipotyphla, Chiroptera, Lagomorpha, Rodentia) from Muselievo (north Bulgaria). Geodiversitas 26 (3): 403–491.

[V67] Van Valen, L. 1967. New Paleocene insectivores and insectivore classification. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 135 (5): 217–284.

[V02] Vyas, R. 2002. Pale hedgehog Paraechinus micropus in southeastern Rajasthan. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 501.

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