Eriophyes

Galls caused by Eriophyes laevis on leaf of alder Alnus glutinosa, copyright Graham Calow.

Belongs within: Eriophyinae.

Eriophyes is a diverse genus of vermiform plant-feeding mites, members of which may cause galls or leaf blisters on their host plants. Notable species include E. pyri which causes blisters within the parenchymal leaf tissues of pears and related trees, and may also damage bud tissues in autumn and winter (Walter et al. 2009). Eriophyes mali is a closely related species found on apples differing in the sculpture of the prodorsal shield, with wavy admedian lines versus the almost straight lines on E. pyri (Shi & Boczek 2007).

Eriophyes von Siebold 1851SB07
|--*E. pyri (Pagenstecher 1857) [=Phytoptus pyri; incl. P. piri Nalepa 1890, Eriophyes sorbi Canestrini 1892]SB07
|--E. betulaeNMF07
|--E. brachytarsusKU07
|--E. cernuusG91
|--E. chondriphoraL91
|--E. convolvensNMF07
|--E. cuscutaeBC01
|--E. discordisCK15
|--E. dracophylli Lamb 1953SL71
|--E. emarginataeWL09
|--E. gallarumNMF07
|--E. hoheriae Lamb 1952SL71
|--E. inaequalisWL09
|--E. insidiosusWL09
|--E. laevisL91
|--E. lantanaeW99
|--E. mali Nalepa 1926 [=E. piri var. mali, Aceria mali, Phyllocoptes mali]SB07
|--E. melaleucae (Keifer 1974) [=Phytoptus melaleucae]H98
|--E. paratrophi Lamb 1953SL71
|--E. puttarudriahiBY99
|--E. sandoriciC-R02
|--E. tiliaeS-TK22
`--E. violae Nalepa 1904SL71

Fossil gall: Eriophyes daphnogene Ambrus & Hably 1979DB11
Eriophyes vilarrubiae Villalta 1957 [=Eriophyies (l. c.) vilarrubiae]DB11

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BY99] Bakker, F. M., & J. S. Yaninek. 1999. Mite pests in tropical agriculture. In: Needham, G. R., R. Mitchell, D. J. Horn & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 2. Symposia pp. 255–263. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[BC01] Briese, D. T., & J. M. Cullen. 2001. The use and usefulness of mites in biological control of weeds. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 453–463. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[CK15] Calvo, F. J., M. Knapp, Y. M. van Houten, H. Hoogerbrugge & J. E. Belda. 2015. Amblyseius swirskii: what made this predatory mite such a successful biocontrol agent? Experimental and Applied Acarology 65: 419–433.

[C-R02] Corpuz-Raros, L. A. 2002. Philippine acarine biological control agents: status, bioecology and research prospects. Philippine Agricultural Scientist 85 (2): 137–154.

[DB11] Dunlop, J. A., & S. J. Braddy. 2011. Cteniza bavincourti and the nomenclature of arachnid-related trace fossils. Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 250–257.

[G91] Gupta, S. K. 1991. The mites of agricultural importance in India with remarks on their economic status. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 509–522. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[KU07] Khanjani, M., & E. A. Ueckermann. 2007. Natural enemies of the walnut pest Aceria tristriatus (Nal.) (Acari: Eriophyidae) in western Iran. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 451–453. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[L91] Lillo, E. de. 1991. Preliminary observations of ovoviviparity in the gall-forming mite, Aceria caulobius (Nal.) (Eriophyoidea: Eriophyidae). In: Schuster, R., & P. W. Murphy (eds) The Acari: Reproduction, development and life-history strategies pp. 223–229. Chapman & Hall: London.

[NMF07] Navia, D., G. J. de Moraes & C. H. W. Flechtmann. 2007. Phytophagous mites as invasive alien species: quarantine procedures. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 307–316. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[SB07] Shi, A., & J. Boczek. 2007. Morphology of two sibling species of eriophyid mites (Acari: Eriophyoidea) Eriophyes pyri and E. mali. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 589–594. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[SL71] Spain, A. V., & M. Luxton. 1971. Catalog and bibliography of the Acari of the New Zealand subregion. Pacific Insects Monograph 25: 179–226.

[S-TK22] Szudarek-Trepto, N., A. Kaźmierski, A. Skoracka, M. Lewandowski & J. Dabert. 2022. Molecular phylogeny supports the monophyly of the mite supercohort Eupodides (Acariformes: Trombidiformes) and greatly coincides with traditional morphological definition of the taxon. Annales Zoologici 72 (4): 757–786.

[W99] Walter, D. E. 1999. Cryptic inhabitants of a noxious weed: mites (Arachnida: Acari) on Lantana camara L. invading forests in Queensland. Australian Journal of Entomology 38: 197–200.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 233–420. Texas Tech University Press.

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