Eristalini

Male drone fly Eristalis tenax, copyright Alvesgaspar.

Belongs within: Syrphoidea.

The Eristalini are a group of hover flies with aquatic larvae known as rat-tailed maggots. Adults have vein R4+5 in the wing looped into cell r4+5. In species of Eristalis, vein R4+5 is less strongly sinuate and cell r1 is petiolate wheras in members of Helophilina vein R4+5 is more strongly sinuate and cell r1 is open (Kotthoff & Schmid 2005).

<==EristaliniKS05
|--HelophilinaKS05
| |--Mallota posticataKS05, VT87
| |--MesembriusKS05
| |--Myathropa floreaKS05, T81
| |--Parhelophilus laetusKS05, VT87
| |--LejopsKS05
| | |--L. (Anasimyia) bilinearisVT87
| | |--L. (Arctosyrphus) willingiiVT87
| | |--L. (Asemosyrphus) polygrammusTRZ10
| | |--L. (Lunomyia) cooleyiVT87
| | `--L. (Polydontomyia) curvipesVT87
| `--HelophilusKS05
| |--H. cingulatusT27
| |--H. hochstetteriT27
| |--H. hybridusE66
| |--H. latifronsVT87
| |--H. miocaenicus (Stackelberg 1925) [=Tubifera miocaenicus, Eristalis miocaenicus]KS05
| |--H. nothobombus Kotthoff & Schmid 2005KS05
| |--H. pendulus (Linnaeus 1758)KS05
| |--H. primarius Germar 1837KS05
| |--H. tenax [=Syrphus (Elophilus) tenax]G20
| |--H. trivittatus (Fabricius 1805)KS05
| `--H. villeneuvi Théobald 1937KS05
`--Eristalis Latreille 1804 (nom. cons.) [incl. Tubifera Meigen 1800 (nom. rej.); Eristalina]KS05
| i. s.: E. aeneus [=Milesia aenea]L49
| E. agrorumE66
| E. anthophorinusE66
| E. apiformisR26
| E. arbustorumK01
| E. assimilis Walker 1849 [incl. E. capito]R01
| E. bardaE66
| E. brousiiE66
| E. cingulatusT27
| E. crassipes Fabr. 1805 [=Simoides crassipes; incl. E. pachymerus]R01
| E. curtus Loew 1860R01
| E. floreus (Linnaeus 1758)L49, L58 [=Musca floreaL49]
| E. horticolaS00
| E. latifronsE66
| E. quinquevittatus Macquart 1847E12
| E. taeniops Wiedem. 1818 [incl. E. aegyptius, E. pulchriceps, Helophilus pulchriceps, E. torridus]R01
| E. transversusE66
|--E. (Eristalis)TRZ10
| |--E. (E.) oestraceus [=Syrphus (E.) oestraceus]G20
| `--E. (E.) tenax (Linnaeus 1758)TRZ10, L58 [=Musca tenaxL49, Tubifera tenaxPC66]
`--E. (Eoseristalis)TRZ10
|--E. (E.) alleniTRZ10
`--E. (E.) gatesiTRZ10

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[E66] Evans, H. E. 1966. The Comparative Ethology and Evolution of the Sand Wasps. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[K01] Kertész, K. 1901. Legyek [Dipteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 179–201. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[KS05] Kotthoff, U., & U. Schmid. 2005. A new fossil hoverfly (Insecta, Diptera: Syrphidae) from the Randeck Maar (Early Miocene, south-west Germany). Palaeontology 48 (5): 1091–1096.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis revised 10th ed. vol. 1. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[L49] Lucas, H. 1849. Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842 publiée par ordre du gouvernement et avec le concours d’une commission académique. Sciences physiques. Zoologie. II. Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. Troisième partie. Insectes (suite). Imprimerie Nationale: Paris.

[PC66] Pendergrast, J. G., & D. R. Cowley. 1966. An Introduction to New Zealand Freshwater Insects. Collins: Auckland.

[R01] Ricardo, G. 1901. Notes on Diptera from South Africa (concluded). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 89–110.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

[S00] Siddiqi, M. R. 2000. Tylenchida: Parasites of plants and insects 2nd ed. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[T81] Teskey, H. J. 1981. Morphology and terminology—larvae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 65–88. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[TRZ10] Thompson, E. C., G. E. Rotheray & M. A. Zumbado. 2010. Syrphidae (flower flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 763–792. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[T27] Thomson, G. M. 1927. The pollination of New Zealand flowers by birds and insects. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 106–125.

[VT87] Vockeroth, J. R., & F. C. Thompson. 1987. Syrphidae. In: McAlpine, J. F. (ed.) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 2 pp. 713–743. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

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