Erysiphaceae

Cleistothecium of Microsphaera vanbruntiana, copyright W. N. Ellis.

Belongs within: Sordariomyceta.

The Erysiphaceae are a group of fungi including the powdery mildews. Members of this family have a white mycelium producing large, non-septate conidia on simple, erect conidiophores, and indehiscent perithecia containing non-septate ascospores.

<==Erysiphaceae [Erysiphales, Erysiphomycetidae]EB03
    |--Sphaerotheca Lév. 1851 (nom. cons.)LK04, KC01 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--S. cucurbitaeLK04
    |    `--S. mors-uvaeKC01
    `--+--Golovinomyces (Braun) Gelyuta 1988LK04, KC01
       |    |--G. cichoracearumKC01
       |    `--G. orontiiLK04
       `--+--Phyllactinia Lév. 1851LK04, KC01 [incl. Ovulariopsis Pat. & Har. 1900KC01, Spolverinia Massal. 1856KC01]
          |    |--P. guttataST99
          |    `--P. moricolaLK04
          `--+--Leveillula Arnaud 1921LK04, KC01 [incl. Oidiopsis Scalia 1902KC01]
             |    `--L. tauricaLK04
             |--Uncinula Lév. 1851LK04, KC01
             |    |--U. moriLK04
             |    `--U. necatorGAK07
             `--Microsphaera Lév. 1851LK04, KC01 [=Calocladia Lév. 1851 non Grev. 1836KC01]
                  |--M. friestiiLK04
                  |    |--M. f. var. friestiiLK04
                  |    `--M. f. var. dahuricaLK04
                  |--M. grossulariaeKC01
                  |--M. thermopsisD03
                  `--M. vanbruntianaSS09
Erysiphaceae incertae sedis:
  Erysiphe Hedw. ex DC. 1805 (see below for synonymy)KC01
    |--E. acerisH04
    |--E. alniH04
    |--E. berberidisH04
    |--E. carpophila Sydow 1924M26
    |    |--E. c. var. carpophilaM26
    |    `--E. c. var. rubicola Murray 1926M26
    |--E. cichoracearumLG91
    |--‘Oospora’ citri-aurantiiKC01
    |--‘Oospora’ fimicolaKC01
    |--E. glycinesSS09
    |--E. graminis [incl. Oidium monilioides]H86
    |--‘Oospora’ lactisKC01
    |--‘Oidium’ mangiferaeCK15
    |--‘Oidium’ manihotisBO91
    `--E. salicisH04
  Blumeria Golovin ex Speer 1975KC01
    `--B. graminisSL02
  Arthrocladiella Vassilkov 1960 [=Arthrocladia Golovin 1956 non Duby 1830]KC01
  Brasiliomyces Viégas 1944 [incl. Californiomyces Braun 1981, Salmonia Blumer & Müll. 1964]KC01
  Cystotheca Berk. & Curtis 1860 [incl. Lanomyces Gäum. 1922]KC01
  Medusosphaera Golovin & Gamalizk. 1962KC01
  Neoerysiphe Braun 1999KC01
  Pleochaeta Sacc. & Speg. 1881 (see below for synonymy)KC01
  Podosphaera Kunze 1823 [incl. Kokkalera Ponnappa 1970]KC01
    |--P. clandestinaKC01
    |--P. leucotrichaKD83
    |--P. macularisKC01
    |--P. mors-uvaeKC01
    `--P. pannosaKC01
  Sawadaea Miyabe 1914KC01
    `--S. bicornis [incl. Uncinula aceris]KC01
  Typhulochaeta Ito & hara 1915KC01
  Erysiphites Mesch. 1902T93, KC01

Erysiphe Hedw. ex DC. 1805 [incl. Acrosporium Nees 1816 (nom. rej.) non Bonord. 1851, Alphitomorpha Wallr. 1819, Amphiblistrum Corda 1837, Bulbomicrosphaera Wang 1987, Bulbouncinula Zheng & Chen 1979, Erysiphella Peck 1876, Erysiphopsis Halst. 1899, Euoidium Paul & Kapoor 1986, Furcouncinula Chen 1982, Ischnochaeta Sawada 1959, Linkomyces Golovin 1958, Oideum Ehrenb. 1818, Oidium Link 1824, Oospora Wallr. 1833, Orthochaeta Sawada 1943, Pseudoidium Paul & Kapoor 1986, Salmonomyces Chidd. 1959, Setoerysiphe Nomura 1984, Tigria Trevis. 1853, Toruloidea Sumst. 1913, Trichocladia (de Bary) Neger 1901 nec Harv. 1836 nec Stirt. 1882, Uncinulella Hara 1936, Uncinuliella Zheng & Chen 1979]KC01

Pleochaeta Sacc. & Speg. 1881 [incl. Queirozia Viégas & Cardoso 1944, Streptopodium Zheng & Chen 1978, Uncinulopsis Sawada 1916]KC01

Sphaerotheca Lév. 1851 (nom. cons.)LK04, KC01 [=Desetangsia Nieuwl. 1916KC01, Leucothallia Trevis. 1853KC01; incl. Albigo Ehrh. ex Steud. 1824KC01]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BO91] Bakker, F. M., & G. I. Oduor. 1991. How plants maintain body-guards: plant exudate as a food source for phytoseiid mites. In: Schuster, R., & P. W. Murphy (eds) The Acari: Reproduction, development and life-history strategies, pp. 325. Chapman & Hall: London.

[CK15] Calvo, F. J., M. Knapp, Y. M. van Houten, H. Hoogerbrugge & J. E. Belda. 2015. Amblyseius swirskii: what made this predatory mite such a successful biocontrol agent? Experimental and Applied Acarology 65: 419–433.

[D03] David, J. C. 2003. Orthographic conundrums: The problem of –opsis and –botrys. Taxon 52: 603–608.

[EB03] Eriksson, O. E., H. O. Barah, R. S. Currah, K. Hansen, C. P. Kurtzman, G. Rambold & T. Laessøe (eds.) 2003. Outline of Ascomycota – 2003. Myconet 9: 1–89.

[GAK07] Guichou, S., P. Auger & S. Kreiter. 2007. The acaricidal effect of sulfur on Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) under laboratory conditions. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 535–545. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[H86] Haviland, E. 1886. On a microscopic fungus parasitic upon the Cucurbitaceae. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 173–175.

[KC01] Kirk, P. M., P. F. Cannon, J. C. David & J. A. Stalpers. 2001. Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi 9th ed. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[KD83] Koç, N. K., & G. Défago. 1983. Studies on the host range of the hyperparasite Aphanocladium album. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift 107: 214–218.

[LG91] Li, W.-H., & D. Graur. 1991. Fundamentals of Molecular Evolution. Sinauer: Sunderland (MA).

[LK04] Lutzoni, F., F. Kauff, C. J. Cox, D. McLaughlin, G. Celio, B. Dentinger, M. Padamsee, D. Hibbett, T. Y. James, E. Baloch, M. Grube, V. Reeb, V. Hofstetter, C. Schoch, A. E. Arnold, J. Miadlikowska, J. Spatafora, D. Johnson, S. Hambleton, M. Crockett, R. Shoemaker, G.-H. Sung, R. Lücking, T. Lumbsch, K. O’Donnell, M. Binder, P. Diederich, D. Ertz, C. Gueidan, K. Hansen, R. C. Harris, K. Hosaka, Y.-W. Lim, B. Matheny, H. Nishida, D. Pfister, J. Rogers, A. Rossman, I. Schmitt, H. Sipman, J. Stone, J. Sugiyama, R. Yahr & R. Vilgalys. 2004. Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits. American Journal of Botany 91 (10): 1446–1480.

[M26] Murray, B. J. 1926. Four fungi on the endemic species of Rubus in New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 218–225.

[ST99] Saenz, G. S., & J. W. Taylor. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships of Meliola and Meliolina inferred from nuclear small subunit rRNA sequences. Mycological Research 103 (8): 1049–1056.

[SS09] Schoch, C. L., G.-H. Sung, F. López-Giráldez, J. P. Townsend, J. Miadlikowska, V. Hofstetter, B. Robbertse, P. B. Matheny, F. Kauff, Z. Wang, C. Gueidan, R. M. Andrie, K. Trippe, L. M. Ciufetti, A. Wynns, E. Fraker, B. P. Hodkinson, G. Bonito, J. Z. Groenewald, M. Arzanlou, G. S. de Hoog, P. W. Crous, D. Hewitt, D. H. Pfister, K. Peterson, M. Gryzenhout, M. J. Wingfield, A. Aptroot, S.-O. Suh, M. Blackwell, D. M. Hillis, G. W. Griffith, L. A. Castlebury, A. Y. Rossman, H. T. Lumbsch, R. Lücking, B. Büdel, A. Rauhut, P. Diederich, D. Ertz, D. M. Geiser, K. Hosaka, P. Inderbitzin, J. Kohlmeyer, B. Volkmann-Kohlmeyer, L. Mostert, K. O’Donnell, H. Sipman, J. D. Rogers, R. A. Shoemaker, J. Sugiyama, R. C. Summerbell, W. Untereiner, P. R. Johnston, S. Stenroos, A. Zuccaro, P. S. Dyer, P. D. Crittenden, M. S. Cole, K. Hansen, J. M. Trappe, R. Yahr, F. Lutzoni & J. W. Spatafora. 2009. The Ascomycota tree of life: a phylum-wide phylogeny clarifies the origin and evolution of fundamental reproductive and ecological traits. Systematic Biology 58 (2): 224–239.

[SL02] Schweigkofler, W., K. Lopandic, O. Molnár & H. Prillinger. 2002. Analysis of phylogenetic relationships among Ascomycota with yeast phases using ribosomal DNA sequences and cell wall sugars. Organisms Diversity & Evolution 2: 1–17.

[T93] Taylor, T. N. 1993. Fungi. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 9–13. Chapman & Hall: London.

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