Eucerini

Eucera nigrescens, copyright Gilles San Martin.

Belongs within: Apidae.

The Eucerini are rather hairy bees that typically bear long paraglossae and whose males often have particularly long antennae.

<==Eucerini [Eucerae, Eucerinae]CSD10
    |  i. s.: AnthedonCC01
    |         XenoglossodesCC01
    |         MacroglossapisCC01
    |--MelissoptilaCSD10
    `--+--+--FlorilegusCSD10
       |  `--Svastrina subapicalis (Brèthes 1910)CSD10
       `--+--ThygaterCSD10
          `--+--+--+--Martinapis luteicornis (Cockerell 1896)CSD10
             |  |  `--Svastrides melanura (Spinola 1851)CSD10
             |  `--+--Svastra obliqua (Say 1837)CSD10
             |     `--MelissodesCSD10
             |          |--M. agilis [incl. M. agilis var. aurigenia]C01
             |          |--M. desponsa Smith 1854CSD10
             |          |--M. gilensisC01
             |          |--M. grindeliaeC01
             |          |--M. mizeaeR35
             |          |--M. obliquaR35
             |          |--M. pallidicinctaC01
             |          |--M. ruidosensisC01
             |          `--M. tristisC01
             `--+--+--TetraloniellaCSD10
                |  |    |--T. glauca (Fabricius 1775)CSD10
                |  |    `--T. nigricepsPK17
                |  `--TetraloniaCSD10
                |       |--T. cinctula Cockerell 1936CSD10
                |       |--T. flavipesR35
                |       `--T. malvaePK17
                `--+--+--Peponapis pruinosa (Say 1837)CSD10
                   |  `--XenoglossaCSD10
                   |       |--X. angustior Cockerell 1899CSD10
                   |       `--X. pruinosaR35
                   `--EuceraCSD10
                        |  i. s.: E. africanaL49
                        |         E. algiraL49
                        |         E. atricornisL49
                        |         E. bicinctaL49
                        |         E. bicolorL49
                        |         E. caspicaR13
                        |         E. derasa [=Andrena derasa]L02
                        |         E. difficilisR13
                        |         E. excurrensR35
                        |           |--E. e. excurrensR35
                        |           `--E. e. melanaspisR35
                        |         E. ferrugineaL49
                        |         E. flavicornis [=Apis flavicornis]L02
                        |         E. frater (Cresson 1878)CSD10
                        |         E. haemorrhoa [=Apis haemorrhoa]L02
                        |         E. (Eucera) longicornisG20 [incl. Apis haemorrhoaL49, E. vulgarisL49]
                        |         E. malvaeR13
                        |         E. nanaR13
                        |         E. nigraL49
                        |         E. nigrilabrisL49
                        |         E. notataL49
                        |         E. numidaL49
                        |         E. oraniensisL49
                        |         E. pannonicaR13
                        |         E. pereziR13
                        |         E. pyrrhulaL49
                        |         E. (Saropoda) rotundataG20
                        |         E. ruficornis Lucas 1847E12
                        |         E. salicariaeL49
                        |         E. strigosa [=Andrena strigosa]L02
                        |         E. subvillosaL49
                        |         E. trivittataR35
                        |         E. unicinctaL49
                        |         E. viduaL49
                        |--E. nigrescensSN18
                        `--+--E. plumigeraSN18
                           `--E. syriacaSN18

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CSD10] Cardinal, S., J. Straka & B. N. Danforth. 2010. Comprehensive phylogeny of apid bees reveals the evolutionary origins and antiquity of cleptoparasitism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 107 (37): 16207–16211.

[C01] Cockerell, T. D. A. 1901. Contributions from the New Mexico Biological Station.—X. Observations on bees collected at Las Vegas, New Mexico, and in the adjacent mountains. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 125–131.

[CC01] Cockerell, T. D. A., & W. P. Cockerell. 1901. Contributions from the New Mexico Biological Station.—IX. On certain genera of bees. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 46–50.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle des Fourmis, et recueil de mémoires et d’observations sur les abeilles, les araignées, les faucheurs, et autres insectes. Théophile Barrois père: Paris.

[L49] Lucas, H. 1849. Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842 publiée par ordre du gouvernement et avec le concours d’une commission académique. Sciences physiques. Zoologie. II. Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. Troisième partie. Insectes (suite). Imprimerie Nationale: Paris.

[PK17] Peters, R. S., L. Krogmann, C. Mayer, A. Donath, S. Gunkel, K. Meusemann, A. Kozlov, L. Podsiadlowski, M. Petersen, R. Lanfear, P. A. Diez, J. Heraty, K. M. Kjer, S. Klopfstein, R. Meier, C. Polidori, T. Schmitt, S. Liu, X. Zhou, T. Wappler, J. Rust, B. Misof & O. Niehuis. 2017. Evolutionary history of the Hymenoptera. Current Biology 27 (7): 1013–1018.

[R35] Rayment, T. 1935. A Cluster of Bees: Sixty essays on the life-histories of Australian bees, with specific descriptions of over 100 new species. Endeavour Press: Sydney.

[R13] Reuter, O. M. 1913. Lebensgewohnheiten und Instinkte der Insekten bis zum Erwachen der sozialen Instinkte. R. Friedländer & Sohn: Berlin.

[SN18] Sann, M., O. Niehuis, R. S. Peters, C. Mayer, A. Kozlov, L. Podsiadlowski, S. Bank, K. Meusemann, B. Misof, C. Bleidorn & M. Ohl. 2018. Phylogenomic analysis of Apoidea sheds new light on the sister group of bees. BMC Evolutionary Biology 18: 71.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *