Euphorinae

Euphorus sp., from the Biodiversity Institute of Ontario.

Belongs within: Ichneumonoidea.

The Euphorinae are a diverse group of endoparasitic braconid wasps bearing fore wings with a curved RS vein and vein Cu1b unsclerotised or absent. Members attack insects belonging to a range of orders including Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Heteroptera and Orthoptera. They are somewhat unusual in that they often attack adult hosts. Members of the tribe Meteorini, however, are parasites of larval Lepidoptera. The tribe Cosmophorini includes unusual species with antennae inserted on a strongly protruding shelf, and a back-slanted labium, that parasitise adults of wood-boring Scolytinae beetles (Achterberg 1993). Dinocampus coccinella is a cosmopolitan parasite of ladybird beetles of the Coccinellinae (Ślipiński 2007).

<==Euphorinae
    |--+--+--Meteorini [Meteorinae]A93
    |  |  |    |--Zele deceptorA93
    |  |  |    `--MeteorusBS23
    |  |  |         |--M. brunnipesMS01
    |  |  |         `--M. gyratorA93
    |  |  `--CentistiniA93
    |  |       |--PygostolusA93
    |  |       |    |--P. patriarchicus Brues 1937P92
    |  |       |    `--P. sticticusA93
    |  |       |--Centistoides doesburgiA93
    |  |       `--CentistesA93
    |  |            |--C. aterA93
    |  |            `--C. rufithoraxMB93
    |  `--+--Elasmosoma berolinenseBS23, A93
    |     `--+--Cosmophorus [Cosmophorini]BS23
    |        |    |--C. cembraeA93
    |        |    `--C. klugiiA93
    |        `--SyntretusBS23
    `--+--+--PeristenusBS23
       |  `--LeiophronBS23
       |       |--L. apicalisA71
       |       |--L. heterocordyliA71
       |       |--L. incertaBS23
       |       `--L. orthotyliA71
       `--+--AridelusBS23
          `--+--MicroctonusBS23
             `--PerilitusBS23
                  |--P. coccinellaeA71
                  |--P. ictericus [=Bracon (Perilitus) ictericus]G20
                  |--P. morabinarumR96
                  `--P. rutilusBS23

Euphorinae incertae sedis:
  EuphoriellaNL07
  EadyaN91
  Dinocampus coccinellaeN91, S07
  StenothremmaN91
  EuphoriniA93
    |--Proclithrophorus mandibularisA93
    |--Ussuraridelus minutusA93
    `--EuphorusA93
         |--E. pallidipesMS01
         |--E. pallidistigmaA93
         `--E. picipesMS01

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A93] Achterberg, C. van. 1993. Illustrated key to the subfamilies of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). Zoologische Verhandelingen 283: 1–189.

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[BS23] Blaimer, B. B., B. F. Santos, A. Cruaud, M. W. Gates, R. R. Kula, I. Mikó, J.-Y. Rasplus, D. R. Smith, E. J. Talamas, S. G. Brady & M. L. Buffington. 2023. Key innovations and the diversification of Hymenoptera. Nature Communications 14: 1212.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[MB93] Malecki, R. A., B. Blossey, S. D. Hight, D. Schroeder, L. T. Kok & J. R. Coulson. 1993. Biological control of purple loosestrife. BioScience 43 (10): 680–686.

[MS01] Mocsáry, A., & V. Szépligeti. 1901. Hymenopterák [Hymenopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 121–169. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[N91] Naumann, I. D. 1991. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants, sawflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 916–1000. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[NL07] New, T. R., & C. Lienhard. 2007. The Psocoptera of Tropical South-east Asia. Brill: Leiden.

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[S07] Ślipiński, A. 2007. Australian Ladybird Beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae): Their biology and classification. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra.

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