Euphthiracarus

Euphthiracarus monodactylus, copyright R. Penttinen.

Belongs within: Ptyctima.

Euphthiracarus is a cosmopolitan genus of box mites (Subías 2004). In members of the African and Central American subgenus Pocsia, the rostral setae are placed far back from the rostrum, between the lamellar setae, and an anogenital cleft is present. The other subgenera have the rostral setae closer to the rostrum and lack an anogenital cleft. Species of Euphthiracarus sensu stricto have a sculptured notogaster and seta a1 is long, erect and pilose; in Brasilotritia, the notogaster is smooth and seta a1 is smooth and minute (Balogh & Balogh 1992).

Characters (from Balogh & Balogh 1992): Prodorsum with rostral setae originating far forward, near rostrum; bothridial squama situated below the bothridium. Notogaster with V-shaped split ventrally. Anogenital region with plates fused into one pair of anogenital plates; two interlocking triangles present; genital setae in paraxial position, in a longitudinal row.

<==Euphthiracarus Ewing 1917S04
    |  i. s.: E. cookiNB-P09
    |         E. evexus Niedbała 2003N07
    |         E. pedanos Niedbała 2003N07
    |         E. serangos Niedbała 2003N07
    |         E. tesselatus Niedbała 2003N07
    |         E. tumidus Niedbała 2003N07
    |--E. (Euphthiracarus) (see below for synonymy)S04
    |    |--*E. (E.) flavus (Ewing 1908) [=Phthiracarus flavus]S04
    |    |--E. (E.) aggenitalis Aoki 1984S04
    |    |--E. (E.) alazon Walker 1965S04
    |    |--E. (E.) antipai Feider & Calugar 1969S04
    |    |--E. (E.) bhutanicus Reddy 1988S04
    |    |--E. (E.) cathayanus Mahunka 2000S04
    |    |--E. (E.) cernuus Walker 1965S04
    |    |--E. (E.) comteae Mahunka 1982S04
    |    |--E. (E.) crassisetae Jacot 1938 [incl. E. polytretos Walker 1965]S04
    |    |--E. (E.) cribrarius (Berlese 1904)S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--E. (E.) depressculus Jacot 1924S04
    |    |--E. (E.) excultus Pérez-Íñigo 1987S04
    |    |--E. (E.) foveolatus Aoki 1980S04
    |    |--E. (E.) fulvus (Ewing 1909) [=Phthiracarus fulvus]S04
    |    |--E. (E.) fusticulus Niedbała & Schatz 1996S04
    |    |--E. (E.) fusulus Niedbała 2001S04
    |    |--E. (E.) humeralis Norton & Metz 1977S04
    |    |--E. (E.) incredibilis Mahunka 1999S04
    |    |--E. (E.) inglisi Sheals 1965S04
    |    |--E. (E.) karpellesi (Oudemans 1916) (n. d.)S04 [=*Hummelia karpellesiB65]
    |    |--E. (E.) klabati Niedbała 2000S04
    |    |--E. (E.) labyrinthicus Starý 1993S04
    |    |--E. (E.) longirostralis Walker 1965S04
    |    |--E. (E.) meghalayensis Sanyal 1988S04
    |    |--E. (E.) monodactylus (Willmann 1919)S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--E. (E.) monyx Walker 1965S04
    |    |--E. (E.) nasutus Niedbała 1988S04
    |    |--E. (E.) pakistanensis Hammer 1977S04
    |    |--E. (E.) parafusulus Niedbała 2002S04
    |    |--E. (E.) parareticulatus Niedbała 2000S04
    |    |--E. (E.) pulchrum Jacot 1930 [=E. flavum pulchrum; incl. E. pulchrum pisgahi Jacot 1939]S04
    |    |--E. (E.) punctulatus Jacot 1930S04
    |    |--E. (E.) reticulatus (Berlese 1913) [=Phthiracarus reticulatus]S04
    |    |    |--E. r. reticulatusS04 [incl. Pseudotritia intermedia Feider & Suciu 1958S04, E. intermediusM82]
    |    |    `--E. r. alpinus Märkel 1964S04
    |    |--E. (E.) shogranensis Hammer 1967S04
    |    |--E. (E.) spinus Niedbała 2002S04
    |    |--E. (E.) takahashii Aoki 1980S04
    |    |--E. (E.) tanythrix Walker 1965 [incl. E. tanythrix sierriensis Walker 1965]S04
    |    |--E. (E.) vicinus Niedbała 2002S04
    |    |--E. (E.) vietnamicus Starý 1993S04
    |    `--E. (E.) virgatus Niedbała 2002S04
    |--E. (Brasilotritia Märkel 1964)S04
    |    |--E. (*B.) brasiliensis Märkel 1964S04
    |    |--E. (B.) dlouhyorum Mahunka 1984S04
    |    |    |--E. d. dlouhyorumS04
    |    |    `--E. d. sanctipauli (Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1993) [=Brasilotritia sanctipauli]S04
    |    `--E. (B.) similis (Sellnick 1925) [=Pseudotritia similis]S04
    `--E. (Pocsia Mahunka 1983 non Vězda 1975 [ICBN])S04
         |--E. (*P.) africanus (Mahunka 1983) [=*Pocsia africana]S04
         |--E. (P.) bicarinatus (Starý 1991) [=Pocsia bicarinata]S04
         |--E. (P.) disparilis Niedbała 1998S04
         |--E. (P.) dubius (Niedbała & Schatz 1996) [=Pocsia dubia]S04
         |--E. (P.) heterotrichus (Mahunka 1988) [=Pocsia heterotricha]S04
         |--E. (P.) inopinatus (Niedbała 1993) [=Pocsia inopinata]S04
         |--E. (P.) kunsti (Starý 1988) [=Pocsia kunsti]S04
         |--E. (P.) microseta (Starý 1993) [=Pocsia microseta]S04
         |--E. (P.) sarawaki Niedbała 2000S04
         |--E. (P.) secundus (Mahunka 1983) [=Pocsia secunda]S04
         `--E. (P.) trentus (Mahunka 1983) [=Pocsia trenta]S04

Euphthiracarus Ewing 1917 (Euphthiracarus) [incl. Hummelia Oudemans 1916 (n. d.), Niedbałaia Mahunka 1999, Pseudotritia Willmann 1919]S04

Euphthiracarus (Euphthiracarus) cribrarius (Berlese 1904)S04 [=Phthiracarus cribrariusS04, Oribotritia cribrariaMM59; incl. P. punctulatus Berlese 1913S04]

Euphthiracarus (Euphthiracarus) monodactylus (Willmann 1919)S04 [=Tritia (*Pseudotritia) monodactylaS59; incl. T. aequipunctata Berlese 1923S04, Euphthiracarus mixtus Mahunka 1979S04]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B65] Balogh, J. 1965. A synopsis of the world oribatid (Acari) genera. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 11 (1–2): 5–99.

Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 1. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[M82] Mahunka, S. 1982. Neue und interessante Milben aus dem Genfer Museum XXXIX. Fifth contribution to the oribatid fauna of Greece (Acari: Oribatida). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 89 (2): 497–515.

[MM59] Märkel, K., & I. Meyer. 1959. Zur Systematik der deutschen Euphthiracarini (Acari, Oribatei). Zoologischer Anzeiger 163: 327–342.

[N07] Niedbała, W. 2007. Ptyctimous mites (Acari, Oribatida) of Costa Rica. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 39–42. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[NB-P09] Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[S59] Sellnick, M. 1959. Acarina from southeastern Polynesia—II (Oribatidae). Occasional Papers of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum 22 (9): 109–152.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

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