Eupodidae

Holotype of Eupodes longisetatus, copyright Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.

Belongs within: Eupodoidea.

The Eupodidae are a group of mites commonly found in soil and low vegetation in temperate and boreal climates. Many eupodids have the femora of the last pair of legs swollen as an adaptation to jumping or rapid rearwards movement to escape threats. However, some species such as Eupodes minutus and E. tottanfiella have normally developed hind legs. The genera Benoinyssus and Aethosolenia are exceptional among eupodoids in each having a pair of opisthonotal setae modified as trichobothria (Walter et al. 2009).

Characters (from Walter et al. 2009): Soft-bodied; chelicerae freely articulating; naso not enlarged; palptibia without clawlike setae or thumblike palptarsus; peritremes absent; prodorsal bothridia present; intercoxal region with fewer than 10 pairs of setae; postpedal furrows absent; anal opening ventral or terminal; leg trichobothria absent; tarsus I with a famulus; femora IV normal or strongly swollen, used in jumping.

<==Eupodidae [Eupodini]
    |--Claveupodes delicatus Strandtmann & Prasse 1977J91
    |--*Benoinyssus najaeWL09
    |--AethosoleniaWL09
    |--Hawaiieupodes thermophilusZF11, WL09
    |--Protopenthalodes coniunctusWL09
    |--Egypteupodes Abou-Awad 1984ZF11
    |--Linopenthaleus Willmann 1951SB63
    |    `--*L. irki Willmann 1951SB63
    |--Caleupodes Baker 1987AF00
    `--Eupodes Koch 1835L90
         |--*E. hiemalis Koch 1838SB63
         |--E. angardiWL09
         |--E. berensis Shiba 1976S76
         |--E. berlesei Sig Thor 1891SB63
         |--E. boerneriWL09
         |--E. cozetensisM83
         |--E. ereynetoides Strandtmann & Prasse 1976J91
         |--E. fusiferellusS76
         |--E. longisetatus Strandtmann 1964SL71
         |--E. lumbarus Shiba 1976S76
         |--E. minipilus Oliver & Theron 1998E-VVM-M07
         |--E. minutus (Strandtmann 1967)L90
         |--E. onoi Shiba 1976S76
         |--E. parafusiferS76
         |--E. parvulusMSU91
         |    |--E. p. parvulusMSU91
         |    `--E. p. grahamensisMSU91
         |--E. pasohensis Shiba 1976S76
         |--E. paulinaeWL09
         |--E. pseudolumbarus Shiba 1976S76
         |--E. pusillus Shiba 1976S76
         |--E. sigmoidensis Strandtmann & Goff 1978E-VVM-M07
         |--E. strandtmanniWL09
         |--E. tottanfiellaWL09
         |--E. unifasciatus [incl. E. formosulus, E. leucomelas, E. modicellus]CF77
         |--E. vallombrosae Sig Thor 1934SB63
         |--E. variegatusDW10 [incl. E. versicolorCF77]
         `--E. voxencollinus Sig Thor 1934J91

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AF00] André, H. M., & A. Fain. 2000. Phylogeny, ontogeny and adaptive radiation in the superfamily Tydeoidea (Acari: Actinedida), with a reappraisal of morphological characters. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 130: 405–448.

[CF77] Canestrini, G., & F. Fanzago. 1877. Intorno agli Acari Italiani. Atti del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Serie 5, 4: 69–208, pls 2–7.

[DW10] Dabert, M., W. Witalinski, A. Kazmierski, Z. Olszanowski & J. Dabert. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of acariform mites (Acari, Arachnida): strong conflict between phylogenetic signal and long-branch attraction artifacts. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 222–241.

[E-VVM-M07] Estrada-Venegas, E. G., I. M. Vázquez & J. A. Moreno-Moreno. 2007. Prostigmatid mites (Acarida: Prostigmata) in decaying wood from “La Mancha” Veracruz, Mexico. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 691–695. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[J91] Jesionowska, K. 1991. Morphology of the Eupodidae (Actinotrichida, Actinedida, Eupodoidea). In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 265–278. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[L90] Luxton, M. 1990. The marine littoral mites of the New Zealand region. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 20 (4): 367–418.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: an annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1–98.

[MSU91] Minto, L. B., G. J. Shepherd & M. B. Usher. 1991. The cryptostigmatid mite Halozetes belgicae (Michael) in the maritime Antarctic. Antarctic Science 3 (1): 53–59.

[SB63] Schweizer, J., & C. Bader. 1963. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Trombidiformes Reuter, mit 217 Arten und Unterarten und 193 Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84 (2): i–vi, 209–378.

[S76] Shiba, M. 1976. Taxonomic investigation on free-living Prostigmata from the Malay Peninsula. Nature and Life in Southeast Asia 7: 83–229.

[SL71] Spain, A. V., & M. Luxton. 1971. Catalog and bibliography of the Acari of the New Zealand subregion. Pacific Insects Monograph 25: 179–226.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 233–420. Texas Tech University Press.

[ZF11] Zhang, Z.-Q., Q.-H. Fan, V. Pesic, H. Smit, A. V. Bochkov, A. A. Khaustov, A. Baker, A. Wohltmann, T. Wen, J. W. Amrine, P. Beron, J. Lin, G. Gabryś & R. Husband. 2011. Order Trombidiformes Reuter, 1909. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal biodiversity: an outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 129–138.

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