Eurytominae

Female Tetramesa, copyright Mardon Erbland.

Belongs within: Eurytomidae.
Contains: Bruchophagus, Sycophila, Eurytoma.

The Eurytominae are a group of eurytomid wasps in which the antenna has at most twelve segments; a single anellus is present which may be almost fused with the first funicular segment, and the apical segments are mostly fused into a clava (Bouček 1988).

<==Eurytominae [Aximinae, Eudecatominae, Eurytomini, Harmolitinae, Philolemini, Prodecatominae]MH11
    |--FicomilaMH11
    `--+--+--Axima zabriskieiCR24, HB13
       |  `--+--Bruchodape ignotaCR24, HB13
       |     `--Bephrata ruficollisHB13
       `--+--SycophilaCR24
          `--+--+--Endobia donacisCR24, HB13
             |  `--+--EurytomaCR24
             |     `--Masneroma anguliferaCR24, HB13
             `--+--Systole Walker 1832CR24, B88
                |    |--*S. albipennisB88
                |    |--S. coriandriMH11
                |    `--S. foeniculi Otten 1941B88
                `--+--Aiolomorphus rhopaloidesCR24, HB13
                   `--Tetramesa Walker 1848CR24, B88 (see below for synonymy)
                        |--*T. iarbasB88
                        |--T. angelonini (Girault 1924) [=Eurytoma angelonini]B88
                        |--T. australiensis (Girault 1915) [=Isosoma australiensis]B88
                        |--T. funeralis (Girault 1915) [=*Exanthosoma funeralis; incl. Isosoma wordsworthi Girault 1915]B88
                        |--T. grandis [=Harmolita grandis]RD77
                        |--‘Isosoma’ guttulaMS01
                        |--T. linearis (Walker 1832) [=Isosoma lineare]B88
                        |--T. longicornisA71 [=*Harmolita longicornisB88]
                        |--‘Eurytoma’ longula [=*Isosoma longula]B88
                        |--T. orchidearumRD77
                        |--‘Isosoma’ ovata Szépligeti in Mocsáry & Szépligeti 1901MS01
                        |--T. paniciBD17
                        `--T. romanaBS23

Eurytominae incertae sedis:
  BruchophagusB88
  HomodecatomaB88
  AhtolaB88
  PhilolemaBS23
    |--*P. carinigeraB88
    `--P. latrodectiBS23
  Tenuipetiolus ruberBS23
  Stigmeurytoma Bouček 1988B88
    `--*S. eucalypti (Ashmead 1900) [=Eurytoma eucalypti]B88
  Syceurytoma Bouček in Bouček, Watsham & Wiebes 1981B88
    `--*S. ficusB88
  Giraultoma Bouček 1988B88
    `--*G. pulchricopus (Girault 1915) [=Xanthosoma pulchricorpus; incl. X. haeckeli Girault 1915]B88
  Ausystole Bouček 1988B88
    `--*A. beenleighi (Girault 1926) [=Eurysystole beenleighi]B88
  Houstonia Bouček 1988B88
    `--*H. zani Bouček 1988B88
  Plutarchia Girault 1925B88
    |--*P. bicarinativentris Girault 1925B88
    `--P. indefensaB88
  Mesoeurytoma Cameron 1911 [incl. Stireurytoma Cameron 1911]B88
    |--*M. carinicepsB88
    `--*Stireurytoma’ carinataB88
  Austrodecatoma Girault 1925B88
    |--*A. trinotata (Girault 1915) (see below for synonymy)B88
    `--A. omninigra Girault 1928B88
  Hexeurytoma Dodd 1917B88
    |--*H. grandis Dodd 1917B88
    |--H. giraulti Bouček 1988 (see below for synonymy)B88
    `--H. nigripennis Bouček 1988B88
  Acantheurytoma Cameron 1911 [incl. Odonteurytoma Mukerjee 1981]B88
    |--*A. spiniferaB88
    |--A. albicornis [=Eurytoma albicornis]B88
    `--*Odonteurytoma’ tanjorensisB88
  Risbecoma Subba Rao 1978B88
    |--*R. bruchocida [=Eurytoma bruchocida]B88
    |--R. acaciarum Bouček 1988B88
    `--R. capensisB88
  AranedraBS23
  AximopsisBS23
    |--A. javensis Girault 1917G17
    `--A. tephrosiae Girault 1917G17
  BephratoidesBS23
  CathilariaBS23
    |--C. opuntiaeBS23
    `--C. rigidaG05
  ChryseidaBS23
  Foutsia philodendriBS23
  Heimbrella Subba Rao 1978BS23, B88
  Isosomodes parkeriBS23
  Khamul erwiniBS23
  ParadecatomaBS23
  Phylloxeroxenus Ashmead 1888BS23, B88
  Prodecatoma cookiBS23
  ProdecatomideaBS23
  Axanthosoma Girault 1913MH11, B88
    |--*A. nigrum Girault 1913B88
    |--A. io Girault 1915B88
    `--A. ruskini Girault 1926B88

*Austrodecatoma trinotata (Girault 1915) [=Eudecatoma trinotata; incl. E. circumnotata Girault 1915, E. rufipronotum Girault 1915]B88

Hexeurytoma giraulti Bouček 1988 [=Eurytoma fuscipennis Girault 1915 non Phylloxeroxenus fuscipennis Girault 1913]B88

Tetramesa Walker 1848CR24, B88 [incl. Exanthosoma Girault 1915B88, Gahaniola Erdös 1952B88, Harmolita Motschulsky 1863B88, Isosoma Walker 1832 non Billberg 1820B88, Isosomocharis Ashmead 1888B88, Isthmosoma Hedicke 1921B88, Philachyra Walker 1871B88, Urios Girault 1911B88, Xanthosoma Ashmead 1888B88]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BS23] Blaimer, B. B., B. F. Santos, A. Cruaud, M. W. Gates, R. R. Kula, I. Mikó, J.-Y. Rasplus, D. R. Smith, E. J. Talamas, S. G. Brady & M. L. Buffington. 2023. Key innovations and the diversification of Hymenoptera. Nature Communications 14: 1212.

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[BD17] Branstetter, M. G., B. N. Danforth, J. P. Pitts, B. C. Faircloth, P. S. Ward, M. L. Buffington, M. W. Gates, R. R. Kula & S. G. Brady. 2017. Phylogenomic insights into the evolution of stinging wasps and the origins of ants and bees. Current Biology 27: 1019–1025.

[CR24] Cruaud, A., J.-Y. Rasplus, J. Zhang, R. Burks, G. Delvare, L. Fusu, A. Gumovsky, J. T. Huber, P. Janšta, M.-D. Mitroiu, J. S. Noyes, S. van Noort, A. Baker, J. Böhmová, H. Baur, B. B. Blaimer, S. G. Brady, K. Bubeníková, M. Chartois, R. S. Copeland, N. D.-S. Papilloud, A. D. Molin, C. Dominguez, M. Gebiola, E. Guerrieri, R. L. Kresslein, L. Krogmann, E. Lemmon, E. A. Murray, S. Nidelet, J. L. Nieves-Aldrey, R. K. Perry, R. S. Peters, A. Polaszek, L. Sauné, J. Torréns, S. Triapitsyn, E. V. Tselikh, M. Yoder, A. R. Lemmon, J. B. Woolley & J. M. Heraty. 2024. The Chalcidoidea bush of life: evolutionary history of a massive radiation of minute wasps. Cladistics 40: 34–63.

[G17] Girault, A. A. 1917. New Javanese Hymenoptera. Privately published (reprinted: Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 59–71).

[G05] Grissell, E. E. 2005. A review of North American species of Microdontomerus Crawford (Torymidae: Hymenoptera). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 14 (1): 22–65.

[HB13] Heraty, J. M., R. A. Burks, A. Cruaud, G. A. P. Gibson, J. Liljeblad, J. Munro, J.-Y. Rasplus, G. Delvare, P. Janšta, A. Gumovsky, J. Huber, J. B. Woolley, L. Krogmann, S. Heydon, A. Polaszek, S. Schmidt, D. C. Darling, M. W. Gates, J. Mottern, E. Murray, A. D. Molin, S. Triapitsyn, H. Baur, J. D. Pinto, S. van Noort, J. George & M. Yoder. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542.

[MS01] Mocsáry, A., & V. Szépligeti. 1901. Hymenopterák [Hymenopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 121–169. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[MH11] Munro, J. B., J. M. Heraty, R. A. Burks, D. Hawks, J. Mottern, A. Cruaud, J.-Y. Rasplus & P. Jansta. 2011. A molecular phylogeny of the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). PloS One 6 (11): e27023.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms’ General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

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