Fabeae

Trigonella balansae, copyright Karl Hauser.

Belongs within: Hologalegina.
Contains: Trifolium, Lathyrus, Pisum, Vicia, Medicago.

The Fabeae are a group of herbaceous legumes with generally pinnately divided leaves commonly ending a twining tendril.

Characters (from Flora of China): Herbs annual or perennial. Stems erect, trailing, or climbing by means of tendrils. Leaves usually paripinnate, with rachis ter­minating in a tendril, bristle, or mucro, very rarely imparipinnate or reduced to a phyllode; stipules often leaflike, oblique or semi­sagittate; leaflets 1- to many paired, margin entire, rarely dentate; stipels absent. Inflorescence an axillary raceme, or flowers in axil­lary fascicles or solitary. Calyx more or less campanulate, equally or unequally 5-toothed. Corolla papilionaceous. Stamens 10; vexillary filament free or more or less connate with others into an adaxially split sheath, free part of filaments filiform or distally dilated; anthers versatile, uniform. Ovary with 2 or more ovules; style hairy or glabrous. Legume usually laterally compressed, 2-valved, (1 or)2- to many seeded. Seeds globose, oblate, lenticular, or oblong.

<==Fabeae [Trifolieae, Vicieae]CP13
|--Parochetus communisCP13
`--+--+--GalegaCP13
| | |--G. officinalisV09
| | `--G. orientalisCP13
| `--Cicer [Cicereae]CP13
| |--C. arietinumM99
| |--C. canarienseCP13
| `--C. microphyllumO88
`--+--+--TrifoliumCP13
| `--+--+--LathyrusCP13
| | `--PisumCP13
| `--+--ViciaCP13
| `--LensCP13
| |--L. culinarisCP13
| |--L. ervoidesPT98
| |--L. esculentaC06
| |--L. nigricansPT98
| `--L. orientalisPT98
`--+--OnonisCP13
| |--O. arvensisH64
| |--O. natrixCP13
| |--O. pusillaH91
| |--O. reclinataPT98
| |--O. serrataD17
| `--O. spinosaB89
`--+--MedicagoCP13
`--+--MelilotusCP13
| |--M. albusCP13
| |--M. arvensisC06
| |--M. indicaPP07
| |--M. leucanthaC55
| |--M. officinalisC55
| `--M. parvifloraC55
`--TrigonellaCP13
|--T. anguinaD17
|--T. balansaePT98
|--T. cariensisPT98
|--T. creticaCP13
|--T. gladiataH91
|--T. hamosaSY72
| |--T. h. ssp. hamosaSY72
| `--T. h. ssp. uncata (Boiss. & Noe) Townsend 1968 [=T. uncata Boiss. & Noe 1856]SY72
|--T. monspeliacaH91
|--T. occultaPP07
|--T. spicataPT98
|--T. stellataAGF98
`--T. suavissimaM99

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AGF98] Abd El-Ghani, M. M., & A. G. Fahmy. 1998. Composition of and changes in the spontaneous flora of Feiran Oasis, S Sinai, Egypt, in the last 60 years. Willdenowia 28: 123–134.

[B89] Blachier, C. 1889. Une Boarmia nouvelle, variétés inédites de lépidoptères, et chenille d’une hémérophile. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: 255–260, pl. 4.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CP13] Cardoso, D., R. T. Pennington, L. P. de Queiroz, J. S. Boatwright, B.-E. Van Wyk, M. F. Wojciechowski & M. Lavin. 2013. Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes. South African Journal of Botany 89: 58–75.

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[D17] Diels, L. 1917. Beiträge zur Flora der Zentral-Sahara und ihrer Pflanzengeographie. Nach der Sammelausbeute des Freiherrn Hans Geyr von Schweppenburg. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 54 (Beiblatt 120): 51–155.

[H64] Hogg, J. 1864. List of rarer phanerogamous plants discovered in the south-east of Durham since 1829. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33 (Notices and Abstracts): 96.

[H91] Hubálek, Z. 1991. Biogeographic indication of natural foci of tick-borne infections. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 255–260. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[M99] Matthews, M. 1999. Heliothine Moths of Australia: A guide to bollworms and related noctuid groups. CSIRO Publishing.

[O88] Ohba, H. 1988. The alpine flora of the Nepal Himalayas: an introductory note. In: Ohba, H., & S. B. Malla (eds) The Himalayan Plants vol. 1. The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Bulletin 31: 19–46.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P., & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 15–78.

[PT98] Panitsa, M., & D. Tzanoudakis. 1998. Contribution to the study of the Greek flora: flora and vegetation of the E Aegean islands Agathonisi and Pharmakonisi. Willdenowia 28: 95–116.

[SY72] Shah, G. L., & D. V. Yogi. 1972. Nomenclatural changes in some Bombay plants—IV. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (2): 444–449.

[V09] Verdcourt, B. (ed.) 2009. Additions to the wild fauna and flora of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. XXVI. Miscellaneous records. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 183–194.

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