Falconidae

Collared forest falcon Micrastur semitorquatus, copyright Jerry Oldenettel.

Belongs within: Telluraves.
Contains: Polyborinae, Falco.

The Falconidae are a cosmopolitan group of predatory birds of comparatively long, pointed wings, bare feet and tarsi, and often a notch or tooth in the upper bill.

<==Falconidae [Falconiformes]JT12
    |--HerpetotherinaeRN72
    |    |--Herpetotheres Vieillot 1816JT12, B94
    |    |    `--H. cachinnansJT12
    |    `--Micrastur Gray 1841RN72, B94 [Micrasturinae]
    |         |--M. buckleyiJT12
    |         |--M. gilvicollisJT12
    |         |--M. guerillaS18
    |         |--M. melanoleucusS18
    |         |--M. mintoniJT12
    |         |--M. mirandolleiJT12
    |         |--M. plumbeusJT12
    |         |--M. ruficollisJT12
    |         |    |--M. r. ruficollisE52
    |         |    `--M. r. interstesE52 [=M. guerilla interstesS18]
    |         `--M. semitorquatusJT12
    |              |--M. s. semitorquatusE52
    |              `--M. s. nasoE52
    `--+--+--PolyborinaeJT12
       |  `--Spiziapteryx Kaup 1852JT12, B94 [Spiziapteryginae]
       |       `--S. circumcinctaJT12
       `--Falconinae [Cerchneinae, Hypotriorchinae, Polihieracinae, Tinnunculinae]B94
            |  i. s.: NeohieraxRN72
            |--+--FalcoJT12
            |  `--Pediohierax ramenta [=Falco ramenta]OF19
            `--+--Polihierax Kaup 1847JT12, B94
               |    |--P. insignisJT12
               |    `--P. semitorquatusJT12
               |         |--P. s. semitorquatusRN72
               |         `--P. s. castanonotusRN72
               `--MicrohieraxJT12
                    |--M. caerulescensJT12
                    |    |--M. c. caerulescensRN72
                    |    |--M. c. burmanicusRN72
                    |    `--M. c. horsfieldiRN72
                    |--M. erythrogenysJT12
                    |    |--M. e. erythrogenysRN72
                    |    `--M. e. mendionalisRN72
                    |--M. fringillariusJT12
                    |--M. latifronsJT12
                    `--M. melanoleucosJT12
Falconidae incertae sedis:
  Thegornis Ameghino 1894A94
    |--*T. musculosus Ameghino 1894A94
    `--T. debilis Ameghino 1894A94
  Rupornis magnirostrisS18
    |--R. m. magnirostrisS18
    `--R. m. ruficaudaS18
  Spiziastur melanoleucusS18
  Stintonornis Harrison 1984U93, M05
    `--*S. mitchelli Harrison 1984M02
  Parvulivenator Harrison 1982U93, M05
    `--*P. watteli Harrison 1982M02
  Hierofalco Cuvier 1817S05
    `--H. islandus (Brünnich 1764) [=Falco islandus, F. gyrfalco islandus]S05

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A94] Ameghino, F. 1894. Sur les oiseaux fossiles de Patagonie et la aune mammalogique des couches a Pyrotherium. Boletín del Instituto Geográfico Argentino 15 (11–12): 501–602.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[E52] Eisenmann, E. 1952. Annotated list of birds of Barro Colorado Island, Panama Canal Zone. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 117 (5): 1–62.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[M05] Mayr, G. 2005. The Paleogene fossil record of birds in Europe. Biological Reviews 80: 515–542.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[OF19] Oliveros, C. H., D. J. Field, D. T. Ksepka, F. K. Barker, A. Aleixo, M. J. Andersen, P. Alström, B. W. Benz, E. L. Braun, M. J. Braun, G. A. Bravo, R. T. Brumfield, R. T. Chesser, S. Claramunt, J. Cracraft, A. M. Cuervo, E. P. Derryberry, T. C. Glenn, M. G. Harvey, P. A. Hosner, L. Joseph, R. T. Kimball, A. L. Mack, C. M. Miskelly, A. T. Peterson, M. B. Robbins, F. H. Sheldon, L. F. Silveira, B. T. Smith, N. D. White, R. G. Moyle & B. C. Faircloth. 2019. Earth history and the passerine superradiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 116 (16): 7916–7925.

[RN72] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds.) 1972. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 1. Blandford Press: London.

[S05] Schalow, H. 1905. Die Vögel der Arktis. In: Römer, F., & F. Schaudinn (eds) Fauna Arctica. Eine Zusammenstellun der arktischen Tierformen, mit besonder Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898 vol. 4 pp. 79–288. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

[S18] Stone, W. 1918. Birds of the Panama Canal Zone, with special reference to a collection made by Mr. Lindsey L. Jewel. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 70: 239–280.

[U93] Unwin, D. M. 1993. Aves. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 717–737. Chapman & Hall: London.

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