Peristernia nassatula, copyright Richard Parker.

Belongs within: Buccinoidea.
Contains: Fasciolariinae, Fusinus.

The Fasciolariidae, band shells and spindle shells, are a group of carnivorous gastropods found in both tropical and temperate seas. They have a long anterior canal (sometimes extraordinarily so), and a large horny operculum that fills the aperture when retracted (Wilson & Gillett 1971). Members of the subfamilies Fasciolariinae and Fusininae tend to be larger than the smaller, hard-shelled members of the Peristerniinae. Within Peristerniinae, members of the genus Fusolatirus have a long, recurved siphonal canal.

The Fusininae, spindle shells, have more or less elongately fusiform shells with a smooth columella (Wilson & Gillett 1971). Members of the New Zealand genus Glaphyrina have a lightly built, relatively short shell with inflated whorls.

<==Fasciolariidae [Fasciolariacea, Fasciolariadae, Fasciolariana, Fusinae, Fusinidae]
    |  `--PeristerniinaeKF22
    |       |--Fusolatirus pearsoni (Snyder 2002)KF22
    |       `--Peristernia Mörch 1852BR05
    |            |--*P. nassatula (Lamarck 1822) [=Turbinella nassatula]BR17
    |            |--P. australiensis Reeve 1847WG71
    |            |--P. fastigium (Reeve 1847)BW09
    |            |--P. incarnata Kiener 1840BW09 [=Turbinella incarnataH09]
    |            |--P. lyrata (Reeve 1847) [=Turbinella lyrata]H09
    |            |--P. nodulosa Adams 1855H08
    |            |--P. ustulata (Reeve 1847)BW09
    |            `--P. wagneri (Anton 1839) [=Turbinella wagneri]H09
         |  i. s.: Cyrtulus Hinds 1843 [Cyrtulidae]BR05
         |           `--*C. serotinus Hinds 1843BR17
         |         Streptochetus Cossmann 1889 [Streptochetinae]BR05
         |           |--*S. intortus (Lamarck 1803) [=Fusus intortus]BR17
         |           `--S. incertus [=Fusus incertus]F27
         |         Microfulgur carinatus Ponder 1970 [=Pararetifusus carinatus]KF22
         |--+--Vermeijius pallidus (Kuroda & Habe 1961)KF22
         |  `--ChryseofususKF22
         |       |--C. acherusius (Hadorn & Fraussen 2003)KF22
         |       `--+--C. bradneri (Drivas & Jay 1990)KF22
         |          `--C. kazdallisi (Fraussen & Hadorn 2000)KF22
            |    |  i. s.: G. kiranus Shuto 1958MG-H11
            |    |--G. annae Kantor, Fedosov et al. 2018KF22
            |    `--+--G. bacciballus Hadorn & Fraussen 2005KF22
            |       `--G. hayashii Habe 1961KF22
               |    |--A. candoris Fraussen, Kantor & Hadorn 2007KF22
               |    `--A. pacificus Fraussen, Kantor & Hadorn 2007KF22
                  `--Glaphyrina Finlay 1927KF22, P61
                       |--*G. vulpicolor (Sowerby 1880) [=Fusus vulpicolor]F26
                       |--G. caudata (Quoy & Gaimard 1833)KF22
                       |--G. plicata Powell 1929P61
                       `--G. progenitor Finlay 1926F26
Fasciolariidae incertae sedis:
  Propefusus Iredale 1924WG71
    |--P. pyrulatus Reeve 1847WG71
    `--P. undulatusM54
  Latirolagena Harris 1897WG71
    `--L. smaragdula (Linnaeus 1758)BW09
  Euthriofusus tangituensis Marwick 1926F26
  Kryptos Dautzenberg & Fischer 1896P66
    `--*K. elegans Dautzenberg & Fischer 1896BW80 (see below for synonymy)
  Ruscula Casey 1904P66
    `--*R. plicata (Lea 1833) [=Fasciolaria plicata, Fusus plicata]P66
  Surculofusus Vincent 1895P66
    `--*S. bruxellensis Vincent 1895P66
  Priscofusus Conrad 1865P66
    |--*P. geniculus (Conrad 1849) [=Fusus geniculus]P66
    `--P. medialisP66
  Surculites Conrad 1865P66
    |--*S. annosa (Conrad 1865) [=Surcula (*Surculites) annosa]P66
    `--S. errans (Solander 1766) [=Strombus errans]P66
  Dennantia Tate 1888DK08
    |--D. aldingensis (Tate 1888) [=Peristernia aldingensis]DK08
    `--D. inoBRW98
  ‘Caveola’ bellsana Stephenson 1953PH90
  ‘Caveola’ pinguis Stephenson 1953PH90
  Metzgeria Norman 1879 non Raddi 1818 (ICBN)O27 [=Meyeria Dunker & Metzger 1874 non M’Coy 1849N79]
    |--*M. alba (Jeffreys in Wyville Thomson 1873)N79 (see below for synonymy)
    `--M. californica Dall 1903O27
  Pleia Finlay 1930P61
    |--*P. decipiens [=Fasciolaria decipiens]P61
    `--P. cryptocarinata Dell 1956P61
  ‘Clathurella’ rugosissima Locard 1897BW80
  Mariafusus Petuch 1988P12
  Conradconfusus Snyder 2000P12
    `--C. parilis (Conrad 1832)P12
  Pseudaptyxis Petuch 1988P12
    `--P. sanctaemariae Petuch 1988P12
  Paralgena smaragdulaSP72
  Cinctura tortuganaPMB15

*Kryptos elegans Dautzenberg & Fischer 1896BW80 [=Pleurotomella elegansP66; incl. Pleurotomella atlantica Locard 1897BW80, Pleurotoma atlanticaP66, Pleurotomella demulcata Locard 1897BW80, Pleurotomella koehleri Locard 1896BW80]

*Metzgeria alba (Jeffreys in Wyville Thomson 1873)N79 [=Latirus albusN79, *Meyeria albaO27; incl. Lathyrus albellus Dunker & Metzger 1874N79, Meyeria albellusN79, Tritonium pusillum Sars 1858 (n. n.) non Triton pusilla Pease 1861N79]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BRW98] Beesley, P. L., G. J. B. Ross & A. Wells (eds) 1998. Fauna of Australia vol. 5. Mollusca: The Southern Synthesis. Part A. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BW80] Bouchet, P., & A. Waren. 1980. Revision of the north-east Atlantic bathyal and abyssal Turridae (Mollusca, Gastropoda). Journal of Molluscan Studies Supplement 8: 1–119.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[DK08] Darragh, T. A., & G. W. Kendrick. 2008. Silicified Eocene molluscs from the Lower Murchison district, Southern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (3): 217–246.

[F26] Finlay, H. J. 1926. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[H08] Hedley, C. 1908. Studies on Australian Mollusca. Part X. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 456–489, pls 7–10.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[KF22] Kantor, Y. I., A. E. Fedosov, A. R. Kosyan, N. Puillandre, P. A. Sorokin, Y. Kano, R. Clark & P. Bouchet. 2022. Molecular phylogeny and revised classification of the Buccinoidea (Neogastropoda). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 194 (3): 789–857.

[M54] Macpherson, J. H. 1954. Molluscs (sea shells and snails). In: Willis, J. M. (ed.) The Archipelago of the Recherche pp. 55–63. Australian Geographical Society: Melbourne.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[N79] Norman, A. M. 1879. The Mollusca of the fiords near Bergen, Norway. Journal of Conchology 2: 8–77.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. 2 pt 1. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[PH90] Petit, R. E., & M. G. Harasewych. 1990. Catalogue of the superfamily Cancellarioidea Forbes and Hanley, 1851 (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia). Nautilus 103 (Suppl. 1): 1–69.

[P12] Petuch, E. J. 2012. Miocene asteroid impacts: proposed effects on the biogeography and extinction patterns of eastern North American gastropods. In: Talent, J. A. (ed.) Earth and Life: Global biodiversity, extinction intervals and biogeographic perturbations through time pp. 967–981. Springer.

[PMB15] Petuch, E. J., R. F. Myers & D. P. Berschauer. 2015. The Living and Fossil Busycon Whelks: Iconic Mollusks of Eastern North America. San Diego Shell Club, Inc.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[P66] Powell, A. W. B. 1966. The molluscan families Speightiidae and Turridae: an evaluation of the valid taxa, both Recent and fossil, with lists of characteristic species. Bulletin of the Auckland Institute and Museum 5: 1–184, pls 1–23.

[SP72] Smythe, K. R., & W. W. A. Phillips. 1972. Some observations on the fauna of the Maldive Islands (Indian Ocean) part VIII. Marine shells. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (2): 290–296.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

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