Fenestrata

Polypora sp., from here.

Belongs within: Cryptostomata.
Contains: Fenestellidae.

The Fenestrata are a group of bryozoans known from the Early Ordovician to the Permian. Fenestrates have zoaria arranged in a lacy network with short autozooids on one side of the zoarium, often with a hemiseptum at the base (Prothero 1998).

Fenestrata [Fenestrina]
|--PhylloporininaE01
| |--ChainodictyonidaeE01
| | |--RhomboclaidaE01
| | `--ChainodictyonT93
| | |--C. aktasicum Plamenskaha 1964T93
| | |--C. lucidum Goryunova 1970T93
| | `--C. undata (M’Coy 1844)T93
| `--PhylloporinidaeT93
| |--AustralophylloporinaJB12
| |--PhylloporinaT93
| | |--P. fragilis Lavrentjeva 1985T93
| | `--P. punctata (Bekker 1921)T93
| `--PseudohorneraT93
| |--P. bifida (Eichwald 1855)T93
| |--P. diffusa (Hall 1852)T93
| `--P. retiformis Crockford 1941F71
`--FenestellinaE01
| i. s.: Penniretepora lobata Crockford 1941E01, F71
| Alternifenestella Termier & Termier 1971E01
|--FenestellidaeT93
|--Carnocladia Ernst 2001 [Carnocladiidae]E01
| |--*C. fasciculata Ernst 2001E01
| `--C. punctata Ernst 2001E01
|--AcanthocladiidaeE01
| |--AcanthocladiaJB12
| |--Polyporella intermedia (Shrubsole 1880)T93
| |--ThamniscusJB12
| | |--T. orientalisG31
| | `--T. tenuisG31
| `--Streblascopora Bassler 1952DX84
| |--S. marmionensis (Etheridge 1926) [=Streblotrypa marmionensis]F71
| `--S. multifasciculataDX84
`--Polypora McCoy 1844DX84 [PolyporidaeE01]
|--P. biarmicaW77
|--P. koninckianaG31
|--P. montuosa (Laseron 1918) [=Protoretepora montuosa]F71
|--P. pertinax Laseron 1918F71
|--P. praepluriformis Morozova 1965DX84
|--P. stragula White 1874W77
|--P. virga Laseron 1918F71
`--P. woodsi [incl. P. tumula Laseron 1918]F71

Fenestrata incertae sedis:
Mackinniella Morozova & Lisitsyn 1996E01
Archimedes wortheniP98
FenestrellinaP98
|--F. barringtonensis Crockford 1947F71
|--F. cellulosa Crockford 1947F71
|--F. exserta (Laseron 1918) [=Fenestella exserta; incl. Fenestella cavea Laseron 1918]F71
|--F. granuliferaF71
|--F. pectinisP98
`--F. propinquaF71
EnalloporidaeT93
|--Alwynopora orodamnus Taylor & Curry 1985T93
`--Pushkinella acanthoporoides (Pushkin 1976)T93
RalfinidaeT93
|--Ralfina aluverensis (Männil 1958)T93
`--Ralfinella plana (Männil 1958)T93
Sardesonina [Sardesoninidae]T93
|--S. corticosa (Ulrich 1886)T93
`--S. maxima (Toots 1952)T93
ChasmatoporidaeT93
|--Esthonioporina quadrata (Bekker 1921)T93
`--BashkirellaT93
|--B. nikiforovae Schulga-Nesterenko 1952T93
|--B. operculata Schulga-Nesterenko 1952T93
`--B. ornata Nikiforova 1939T93
SemicosciniumidaeT93
|--Semicoscinium tenuicepsEB01
`--EosemicosciniumT93
SeptoporidaeT93
|--Septopora Prout 1959DX84
| `--S. robusta Yang & Loo 1962DX84
`--Synocladia King 1849T93, W77
|--S. biserialis Swallow & Hawn 1858 [incl. S. virgulacea Geinitz 1866]W77
`--S. rigida Morozova 1965T93
FenestrallidaeT93
|--FenestraliaT93
|--ParafenestraliaT93
| |--P. arborescens (Nechaev 1893)T93
| `--P. longa Morozova 1970T93
`--TriznellaT93
|--T. formosa (Morozova 1963)T93
`--T. permiana (Nikiforova 1945)T93
Septatopora [Septatoporidae]T93
|--S. acarinata (Crockford 1947)T93
`--S. nodosa Engel 1975T93

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[DX84] Ding Y., Xia G., Duan C., Li W., Liu X. & Liang Z. 1984. Study on the early Permian stratigraphy and fauna in Zhesi district, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu (Inner Mongolia). Bulletin Tianjin Institure Geol. Min. Res. 10.

[EB01] Eckert, J. D., & C. E. Brett. 2001. Early Silurian (Llandovery) crinoids from the Lower Clinton Group, western New York State. Bulletins of American Paleontology 360: 1–88.

[E01] Ernst, A. 2001. Carnocladiidae—a new family of fenestrate bryozoans. Senckenbergiana Lethaea 81 (2): 295–305.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[G31] Grabau, A. W. 1931. The Permian of Mongolia: A report on the Permian fauna of the Jisu Honguer limestone of Mongolia and its relations to the Permian of other parts of the world. American Museum of Natural History: New York.

[JB12] Johnson, M. E., & B. G. Baarli. 2012. Development of intertidal biotas through Phanerozoic time. In: Talent, J. A. (ed.) Earth and Life: Global biodiversity, extinction intervals and biogeographic perturbations through time pp. 63–128. Springer.

[P98] Prothero, D. R. 1998. Bringing Fossils to Life: An introduction to paleobiology. WCB McGraw-Hill: Boston.

[T93] Taylor, P. D. 1993. Bryozoa. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 465–489. Chapman & Hall: London.

[W77] White, C. A. 1877. Report upon the invertebrate fossils collected in portions of Nevada, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona, by parties of the expeditions of 1871, 1872, 1873, and 1874. U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian 4 (1): 1–219, pls 1–21.

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