Fibulariidae

Pea urchin Echinocyamus pusillus, copyright Marine Ecological Surveys Ltd.

Belongs within: Clypeasteroida.

The Fibulariidae are a group of echinoids known in temperate and tropical regions from the Upper Cretaceous to the present (Durham 1966).

Characters (from Durham 1966): Shape variable; petals variable, indistinct or simple, open; pore pairs not conjugate, pores rounded; food grooves absent or indistinct; primordial plates simple; internal supports absent or radial partitions only.

<==Fibulariidae [Fibulariina, Fistularina]D66
    |--Cyamidia Lambert & Thiéry 1914D66
    |    `--*C. nummulitica (Duncan & Sladen 1884) [=Echinocyamus nummulitica]M89
    |--Fibulaster Lambert & Thiéry 1914 [=Crustulina Pomel 1883 non Menge 1868]D66
    |    `--*F. michelini (Cotteau 1861)M89 [=Sismondia micheliniM89, *Crustulina micheliniD66]
    |--Lenicyamidia Brunnschweiler 1962D66
    |    `--*L. compta Brunnschweiler 1962M89
    |--Mortonia Gray 1852D66
    |    `--*M. australis (Desmoulins 1837) [=Fibularia australis]M89
    |--Thagastea Pomel 1888 [=Thegaster (l. c.)]D66
    |    `--*T. wetterlei Pomel 1888M89
    |--Fibulariella Mortensen 1948D66
    |    |--*F. acuta (Yoshiwara 1898) [=Fibularia acuta]M89
    |    `--F. oblongaM89
    |--Tarphypygus Arnold & Clark 1927D66
    |    |--*T. ellipticus Arnold & Clark 1927M89
    |    `--T. clarkiM89
    |--Echinocyamus van Phelsum 1774MG-H11, M89 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--*E. pusillus Müller 1776M89 [=Spatagus pusillusD66; incl. E. angulosus Leske 1778D05]
    |    |--E. elongatusD66
    |    |--E. kamrupensis Das Gupta 1929SG93
    |    |--E. placenta (Goldfuss 1826)SG93
    |    |--E. planissimus Clark 1938SM15
    |    |--E. platytatus Clark 1914MG-H11
    |    `--*Anaster’ studeri Sismonda 1841D66
    `--Fibularia Lamarck 1816M89
         |--*F. ovulum Lamarck 1816M89
         |--F. cyphostomus (Lambert in Lambert & Jacquet 1936)SG93
         |--F. gregataMM22
         |--F. jeanneti (Lambert 1931)SG93
         |--F. nucleus [=Echinanthus nucleus]G20
         |--F. nutriensMM22
         |--F. oblonga Gray 1851SM15
         |--F. plana (Lambert 1933)SG93
         |--F. subglobosus (Goldfuss 1826)SG93
         |--F. tarentinaR26
         `--F. volva Agassiz 1847SM15

Echinocyamus van Phelsum 1774MG-H11, M89 [incl. Echinocentrotus (l. c.)D66; incl. Anaster Sismonda 1841D66, Fibularia Lambert 1891 (nom. rej.) non Lamarck 1816D66]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[D05] Döderlein, L. 1905. Arktische Seeigel. In: Römer, F., & F. Schaudinn (eds) Fauna Arctica. Eine Zusammenstellun der arktischen Tierformen, mit besonder Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898 vol. 4 pp. 373–394. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

[D66] Durham, J. D. 1966. Clypeasteroids. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt U. Echinodermata 3 vol. 2 pp. U450–U491. The Geological Society of America, Inc., and The University of Kansas Press.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[MM22] McNamara, K. J., & S. Martin. 2022. Middle Eocene echinoids from the western Eucla Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 37: 31–56.

[M89] Mooi, R. 1989. Living and fossil genera of the Clypeasteroida (Echinoidea: Echinodermata): an illustrated key and annotated checklist. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 488: 1–51.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

[SM15] Sampey, A., & L. M. Marsh. 2015. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: echinoderms. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 84: 207–246.

[SG93] Simms, M. J., A. S. Gale, P. Gilliland, E. P. F. Rose & G. D. Sevastopulo. 1993. Echinodermata. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 491–528. Chapman & Hall: London.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *