Fulica

 Australian coot Fulica atra australis with chick, copyright Bernard Spragg.

Belongs within: Gallinula.

Fulica, the coots, is a cosmopolitan genus of strongly swimming rails with a well-developed frontal shield and broad lateral lobes on the toes. Plumage is glossy black with the frontal shield often contrastingly coloured.

<==Fulica Linnaeus 1758G-RGT14 (see below for synonymy)
    |  i. s.: F. chathamensis Forbes 1892 [=*Nesophalaris chathamensis]CC10
    |         F. galeataF43
    |         F. newtoni Milne-Edwards 1867L98 [=*Palaeolimnas newtoniCC10]
    |         F. prisca Hamilton 1893CC10 [=F. chathamensis priscaGM91, Nesophalaris priscaCC10]
    |         F. spinosa Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--F. rufifrons Philippi & Landbeck 1861G-RGT14
    `--+--F. cornuta Bonaparte 1853G-RGT14 [=*Lycornis cornutaL98]
       `--+--+--F. armillata Vieillot 1817G-RGT14
          |  `--F. gigantea Eydoux & Souleyet 1841G-RGT14 [=*Phalaria giganteaL98]
          `--+--*F. atra Linnaeus 1758G-RGT14
             |    |--F. a. atraCC10
             |    `--F. a. australis Gould 1845 (see below for synonymy)CC10
             `--+--F. cristata Gmelin 1789G-RGT14
                `--+--+--F. ardesiaca Tschudi 1843G-RGT14 [incl. F. atruraL98]
                   |  `--F. leucoptera Vieillot 1817G-RGT14
                   `--+--F. alai Peale 1848G-RGT14 [=F. americana alaiUSDI77]
                      `--+--F. americana Gmelin 1789G-RGT14 [incl. F. columbianaL98]
                         `--F. caribaea Ridgway 1884L98

Fulica Linnaeus 1758G-RGT14 [incl. Lycornis Bonaparte 1856L98, Nesophalaris Brodkorb & Dawson 1962CC10, Palaeolimnas Forbes 1893CC10, Phalaria Reichenbach 1853L98]

Fulica atra australis Gould 1845 [incl. F. atra ingrami Mathews 1912, F. tasmanica Grant 1846, F. atra tasmanica]CC10

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[F43] Fraser, L. 1843. On the collection of birds brought to England by Mr. Bridges. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 11: 108–121.

[G-RGT14] Garcia-R, J. C., G. C. Gibb & S. A. Trewick. 2014. Deep global evolutionary radiation in birds: diversification and trait evolution in the cosmopolitan bird family Rallidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 81: 96–108.

[GM91] Gill, B., & P. Martinson. 1991. New Zealand’s Extinct Birds. Random Century: Auckland (New Zealand).

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[L98] Livezey, B. C. 1998. A phylogenetic analysis of the Gruiformes (Aves) based on morphological characters, with an emphasis on the rails (Rallidae). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B—Biological Sciences 353: 2077–2151.

[USDI77] USDI (United States Department of the Interior). 1977. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants—republication of list of species. Federal Register 42: 36420–36431.

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