Galumna sp., copyright Dann Thombs.

Belongs within: Galumnoidea.

Galumna is a cosmopolitan genus of over 200 species of oribatid mites with well-developed pteromorphs. The majority of species are included in the subgenus Galumna in which line L on the prodorsum (corresponding to the position of the lamellae in other oribatids) is more or less arched, with the lamellar setae positioned far from the end of line L. Members of the subgenera Erogalumna and Indogalumna have dense longitudinal lines on the notogaster. Such lines are also present on the prodorsum in Erogalumna but Indogalumna instead has a prodorsum with dense, small foveolae (Balogh & Balogh 1992). In the subgenus Cosmogalumna, the notogaster is ornamented in a reticulate pattern.

Characters (from Balogh & Balogh 1992): Lamellar setae originating laterad to line L. Notogaster with areae porosae, ten pairs of setae. Pteromorphae with one seta.

<==Galumna Heyden 1826S04
    |--G. (Galumna) [incl. Holokalumma Jacot 1929, Holozetes Jacot 1929, Zetes Koch 1836]S04
    |    |--*G. (G.) alata (Hermann 1804)S04 [=Notaspis alatusS04, Oribata alataM98, Oribates alatusCF77, Zetes alatusCF77]
    |    |    |--G. a. alata (see below for synonymy)S04
    |    |    `--G. a. multiiterata Subías 2004 [=Galumna maxima Willmann 1939 non Oribata maxima Berlese 1916]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) aba Mahunka 1989S04
    |    |--G. (G.) aegyptica Abdel-Hamid, Al-Assiuty & Trrad 1982S04
    |    |--G. (G.) agueroi Balogh 1997S04
    |    |--G. (G.) ambigua Wallwork 1977S04
    |    |--G. (G.) angularis Jeleva, Scull & Cruz 1984 [incl. G. hamifer Mahunka 1985]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) ankaratra Mahunka 1997S04
    |    |--G. (G.) antalata Banks 1916S04
    |    |--G. (G.) appressala (Ewing 1910) (n. d.) [=Oribata appressala]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) arabica Bayoumi & Al-Khalifa 1984S04
    |    |--G. (G.) araujoi Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1994S04
    |    |--G. (G.) armatifera Mahunka 1996S04
    |    |--G. (G.) arrugata Jeleva, Scull & Cruz 1984S04
    |    |--G. (G.) atomaria (Berlese 1914) [=Oribata atomaria]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) australis (Berlese 1914) [=Oribata australis]S04
    |    |    |--G. a. australisS04
    |    |    `--G. a. pembertoni (Jacot 1934) [=Zetes pembertoni]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) azoreana Pérez-Íñigo 1992S04
    |    |--G. (G.) baloghi Wallwork 1965S04
    |    |--G. (G.) banksi Jacot 1929S04
    |    |--G. (G.) barnardi (Jacot 1940) [=Holozetes barnardi]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) basilewskyi Balogh 1962S04
    |    |--G. (G.) berlesei Oudemans 1919S04
    |    |--G. (G.) betzaida Mahunka 1992S04
    |    |--G. (G.) bimorpha Mahunka 1987S04
    |    |--G. (G.) bradleyi (Jacot 1935) [=Zetes bradleyi]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) brasiliensis Sellnick 1923S04
    |    |--G. (G.) californica (Hall 1911) [=Oribata alata californica]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) calva Starý 1997S04
    |    |--G. (G.) capensis Engelbrecht 1969S04
    |    |    |--G. c. capensisS04
    |    |    `--G. c. dissimilis Engelbrecht 1969S04
    |    |--G. (G.) castanea (Canestrini 1898) (n. d.) [=Oribata castanea]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) changchuneis Wen 1987S04
    |    |--G. (G.) chujoi Aoki 1966S04
    |    |--G. (G.) circularis Hammer 1958S04
    |    |--G. (G.) cirripilis (Canestrini 1898) (n. d.) [=Oribata cirripilis]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) coloradensis (Jacot 1929)S04 [=*Holokalumma coloradensisBB92]
    |    |--G. (G.) colossus Oudemans 1915S04
    |    |--G. (G.) comparabilis Engelbrecht 1972S04
    |    |--G. (G.) coreana Choi 1986S04
    |    |--G. (G.) coronata Mahunka 1992S04
    |    |--G. (G.) costata Mahunka 1978S04
    |    |--G. (G.) crenata Deb & Raychaudhuri 1975S04
    |    |--G. (G.) cubana Jeleva, Scull & Cruz 1984S04
    |    |--G. (G.) cuneata Aoki 1961S04
    |    |--G. (G.) delectum Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1996S04
    |    |--G. (G.) difficilis (Berlese 1916) (n. d.) [=Oribata difficilis]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) dimidiata Engelbrecht 1969S04
    |    |--G. (G.) dimorpha Krivolutskaja 1952S04
    |    |--G. (G.) discifera Balogh 1960 [incl. G. engelbrechti Balogh & Balogh 2002 non Mahunka 1997]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) dispar Willmann 1931S04
    |    |--G. (G.) divergens Mahunka 1995S04
    |    |--G. (G.) dorsalis (Koch 1835) (n. d.)S04 [=Zetes dorsalisS04, Oribata dorsalisM98]
    |    |--G. (G.) dubia Mihelčič 1953S04
    |    |--G. (G.) egregia Sellnick 1923S04
    |    |--G. (G.) elegantula (Jacot 1935) [=Zetes elegantulus]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) elimata (Koch 1841)S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |    |--G. e. elimata (see below for synonymy)S04
    |    |    `--G. e. sinensis Jacot 1922 [=G. obvia sinensis]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) engelbrechti Mahunka 1997S04
    |    |--G. (G.) euaensis Hammer 1973S04
    |    |--G. (G.) europaea (Berlese 1914) [=Oribata emarginatus europaea]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) exigua Sellnick 1925S04
    |    |--G. (G.) fijiensis Hammer 1973S04
    |    |--G. (G.) flabellifera Hammer 1958S04
    |    |    |--G. f. flabellifera [incl. Pergalumna pyri Elbadry & Nasr 1975]S04
    |    |    `--G. f. orientalis Aoki 1965S04
    |    |--G. (G.) flagellata Willmann 1925S04
    |    |--G. (G.) floridae (Jacot 1929) [=Holokalumma floridae]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) fordi (Jacot 1934) [=Zetes fordi]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) gharbiensis Bayoumi, Al-Assiuty et al. 1983S04
    |    |--G. (G.) gibbula Grandjean 1956 [=G. tarsipennata gibbula]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) glabra Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1991S04
    |    |--G. (G.) globuloides (Tafner 1905) (n. d.) [=Oribata globuloides]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) granalata Aoki 1984S04
    |    |--G. (G.) grandjeani Balogh 1962S04
    |    |--G. (G.) hammerae Balogh 1985S04
    |    |--G. (G.) heros (Canestrini 1897) (n. d.) [=Oribata heros]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) hexagona Balogh 1960S04
    |    |--G. (G.) homodactyla (Karpelles 1893) (n. d.) [=Oribata homodactyla]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) hudsoni Hammer 1952S04
    |    |--G. (G.) humida (Hall 1911) [=Oribata humida]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) ‘imperfecta’ Hammer 1972 non Banks 1906S04
    |    |--G. (G.) incerta Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1991S04
    |    |--G. (G.) incisa Mahunka 1982S04
    |    |--G. (G.) innexa Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1986S04
    |    |--G. (G.) iranensis Mahunka 2001S04
    |    |--G. (G.) irazu Balogh 1997S04
    |    |--G. (G.) iterata Subías 2004 (see below for synonymy)S04
    |    |--G. (G.) ithacensis (Jacot 1929) [=Zetes ithacensis]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) jacoti Wharton 1938S04
    |    |--G. (G.) karajica Mahunka 2001S04
    |    |--G. (G.) kazakhstani Krivolutskaja 1952S04
    |    |--G. (G.) khoii Mahunka 1989S04
    |    |--G. (G.) lanceata (Oudemans 1900)S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--G. (G.) laselvae Balogh 1997S04
    |    |--G. (G.) longiclava Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1991S04
    |    |--G. (G.) longiporosa Fujikawa 1972S04
    |    |--G. (G.) louisianae (Jacot 1929) [=Zetes louisianae; incl. G. confusa Woodring 1965]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) lunaris Jeleva, Scull & Cruz 1984S04
    |    |--G. (G.) lyrica (Jacot 1935) [=Holokalumma lyrica]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) macroptera (Ewing 1909) [=Oribata macroptera]S04
    |    |    |--G. m. macropteraS04
    |    |    `--G. m. matecumbei (Jacot 1935) [=Zetes matecumbei]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) major (Pearce 1906) [=Oribata alata major]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) mariae Balogh 1961S04
    |    |--G. (G.) mauritii Mahunka 1978S04
    |    |--G. (G.) ‘maxima’ (Berlese 1916) (n. d.) [=Oribata maxima non Ewing 1908]S04
    |    |    |--G. m. maximaS04
    |    |    |--G. m. lawrencei Jacot 1940S04
    |    |    `--G. m. natalensis Jacot 1940S04
    |    |--G. (G.) media (Berlese 1914) [=Oribata media]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) microfissum Hammer 1968S04
    |    |--G. (G.) minuta (Ewing 1909) [=Oribata minuta non Oribatella minuta Banks 1896 (not preoc. if in dif. gen.]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) mollis Kunst 1958S04
    |    |--G. (G.) monteithi Balogh & Mahunka 1978S04
    |    |--G. (G.) monticola Hammer 1977S04
    |    |--G. (G.) mystax Pérez-Íñigo & Pérez-Íñigo 1993S04
    |    |--G. (G.) nigra (Ewing 1909) [=Oribata nigra]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) nilgiria (Ewing 1910) [=Oribata nilgiria]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) niliaca Al-Assiuty, Abdel-Hamid et al. 1985S04
    |    |--G. (G.) nodula Nevin 1974S04
    |    |--G. (G.) nonoensis Balogh 1988S04
    |    |--G. (G.) nuda Engelbrecht 1972S04
    |    |--G. (G.) obvia (Berlese 1914)SK10, S04 [=Oribata obviusS04]
    |    |--G. (G.) ‘ovata’ (Berlese 1916) (n. d.) [=Oribata ovata non Koch 1839]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) pallida Hammer 1958S04
    |    |--G. (G.) parascaber Deb & Raychaudhuri 1975S04
    |    |--G. (G.) parva Woodring 1965S04
    |    |--G. (G.) parviporosa Balogh & Balogh 1983S04
    |    |--G. (G.) perezi Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1994S04
    |    |--G. (G.) planiclava Hammer 1973S04
    |    |    |--G. p. planiclavaS04
    |    |    `--G. p. ishigakiensis Aoki 1982S04
    |    |--G. (G.) polyporus Mihelčič 1952S04
    |    |--G. (G.) pusilla Sellnick 1923S04
    |    |--G. (G.) reiterata Subías 2004 [=G. longiporosa Choi 1986 non Fujikawa 1972]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) reticulata Hammer 1958S04
    |    |--G. (G.) rossica Sellnick 1926S04
    |    |--G. (G.) rostrata Sellnick 1922S04
    |    |--G. (G.) rugosa Hammer 1968S04
    |    |--G. (G.) sabahna Mahunka 1995S04
    |    |--G. (G.) saboori Mahunka 2001S04
    |    |--G. (G.) samoaensis Jacot 1924S04
    |    |--G. (G.) scaber Hammer 1968S04
    |    |--G. (G.) sequoiae (Jacot 1929) [=Zetes sequoiae]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) setigera Mihelčič 1956 (see below for synonymy)S04
    |    |--G. (G.) similis Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1980S04
    |    |--G. (G.) sinuofrons Jacot 1922S04
    |    |--G. (G.) strinovichi Balogh & Balogh 1983S04
    |    |--G. (G.) swezeyi (Jacot 1928) [=Zetes swezeyi]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) szentivanyorum Balogh & Balogh 1983S04
    |    |--G. (G.) tarsipennata Oudemans 1913 (see below for synonymy)S04
    |    |--G. (G.) tessellata (Ewing 1910) [=Oribata tessellata]S04
    |    |--G. (G.) texana Banks 1906S04 [=*Holozetes texanusBB92]
    |    |--G. (G.) tokyoensis Aoki 1966S04
    |    |--G. (G.) tricuspidata Engelbrecht 1969S04
    |    |--G. (G.) triops Balogh 1960S04
    |    |--G. (G.) triquetra Aoki 1965S04
    |    |--G. (G.) tuberculata Mahunka 1997S04
    |    |--G. (G.) unica Sellnick 1923S04
    |    |--G. (G.) valida Aoki 1994S04
    |    |--G. (G.) varia Mahunka 1995S04
    |    |--G. (G.) virginiensis Jacot 1929S04
    |    |--G. (G.) weni Aoki & Hu 1993S04
    |    `--G. (G.) zachvatkini Grishina 1982S04
    |--G. (Angulogalumna Grishina 1981)S04
    |    `--G. (*A.) asiatica (Grishina 1981) [=*Angulogalumna asiatica]S04
    |--G. (Cosmogalumna Aoki 1988) [incl. Variogalumna Mahunka 1995]S04
    |    |--G. (*C.) ornata (Aoki 1988) [=*Cosmogalumna ornata]S04
    |    |--G. (C.) praeoccupata Subías 2004 [=Cosmogalumna imperfecta Aoki & Hu 1993 non G. imperfecta Hammer 1972]S04
    |    `--G. (C.) singularis (Mahunka 1995) [=Variogalumna singularis]S04
    |--G. (Erogalumna Grandjean 1964)S04
    |    `--G. (*E.) zeucta (Grandjean 1964) [=*Erogalumna zeucta]S04
    |--G. (Indogalumna Balakrishnan 1985)S04
    |    |--G. (*I.) microsulcata (Balakrishnan 1985) [=*Indogalumna microsulcata]S04
    |    |--G. (I.) ‘monticola’ (Balakrishnan 1985) non Hammer 1977 [=Indogalumna monticola]S04
    |    |--G. (I.) neonominata Subías 2004 [=G. clavata Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1991 non Sellnick 1931]S04
    |    |--G. (I.) pterolineata Hammer 1972S04
    |    |--G. (I.) rasilis Pérez-Íñigo 1987 (see below for synonymy)S04
    |    `--G. (I.) undulata (Balakrishnan 1985) [=Indogalumna undulata]S04
    `--G. (Kabylogalumna Bernini 1984)S04
         `--G. (*K.) rhinoceros (Bernini 1984) [=*Kabylogalumna rhinoceros]S04
Galumna incertae sedis:
  G. clavata Sellnick 1931S93
  G. clericata (Berlese 1915)S07
  G. crassiclava (Berlese 1914)A66
  G. diversa Sellnick 1931S93
  G. formicariusNB-P09
  G. fuscata Kishida 1921A66
  G. integer (Berlese 1904)A66
  G. longipluma Berlese 1904H07
  G. nervosusAF90
  G. tenuiclavusG33

*Galumna (Galumna) alata alata (Hermann 1804) [incl. G. coleoptratrum occidentale Jacot 1929, Oribata octopunctata Ewing 1909, Zetes satellitius Koch 1841]S04

Galumna (Galumna) elimata (Koch 1841)S04 [=Oribata elimataS04, Oribates elimatusBA85, Oribates climatus (l. c.)M98, *Zetes elimatusG35, Z. climatus (l. c.)M98]

Galumna (Galumna) elimata elimata (Koch 1841) [incl. Oribata obvius norvegicus Berlese 1914, Dimidiogalumna wallworki Balogh & Balogh 2002]S04

Galumna (Galumna) iterata Subías 2004 [=Zetes banksi Jacot 1929 non Galumna banksi Jacot 1929; incl. G. jacoti Marshall, Reeves & Norton 1987 non Wharton 1938]S04

Galumna (Galumna) lanceata (Oudemans 1900)S04 [=Notaspis lanceataS04, Oribates lanceatusL87; incl. G. maxima Mihelčič 1956 nec Oribata maxima Berlese 1916 nec G. maxima Willmann 1939S04]

Galumna (Galumna) setigera Mihelčič 1956 [incl. G. (Pergalumna) crassicostata Mihelčič 1956, G. distincta Mihelčič 1956, G. (P.) fusigera Mihelčič 1956, G. sicca Mihelčič 1957]S04

Galumna (Galumna) tarsipennata Oudemans 1913 [incl. G. (Pergalumna) lata Mihelčič 1956, G. nova Mihelčič 1957, G. parvula Mihelčič 1956]S04

Galumna (Indogalumna) rasilis Pérez-Íñigo 1987 [incl. G. rugosa Wallwork 1977 non Hammer 1968, G. sanctaehelenae Balogh & Balogh 2002]S04

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AF90] Alberti, G., & N. A. Fernandez. 1990. Aspects concerning the structure and function of the lenticulus and clear spot of certain oribatids (Acari, Oribatida). Acarologia 31 (1): 65–72.

[A66] Aoki, J. 1966. The large-winged mites of Japan (Acari: Cryptostigmata). Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo 9 (3): 257–275.

[BB92] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 1. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[BA85] Bernini, F., & R. Arcidiacono. 1985. Notulae oribatologicae XXXVI. A catalogue of the Sicilian oribatids (Acarida, Oribatida). Animalia 12 (1–3): 165–205.

[CF77] Canestrini, G., & F. Fanzago. 1877. Intorno agli Acari Italiani. Atti del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Serie 5, 4: 69–208, pls 2–7.

[G33] Grandjean, F. 1933. Étude sur le développement des oribates. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 58: 30–61.

[G35] Grandjean, F. 1935. Observations sur les oribates (8e série). Bulletin du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle, 2e série 7 (4): 237–244.

[H07] Haq, M. A. 2007. Biodegradation and productivity in tropical ecosystem by oribatid mites. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 137–150. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[L87] Luxton, M. 1987. The oribatid mites (Acari: Cryptostigmata) of J. E. Hull. Journal of Natural History 21: 1273–1291.

[M98] Michael, A. D. 1898. Oribatidae. In: H. Lohmann (ed.) Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen vol. 3. Acarina pp. 1–93. R. Friedländer und Sohn: Berlin.

[NB-P09] Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[SK10] Schäffer, S., S. Koblmüller, T. Pfingstl, C. Sturmbauer & G. Krisper. 2010. Ancestral state reconstruction reveals multiple independent evolution of diagnostic morphological characters in the “Higher Oribatida” (Acari), conflicting with current classification. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 246.

[S07] Schatz, H. 2007. Biogeography of oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatida) from the Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica and Panama. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 151–167. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[S93] Selden, P. A. 1993. Arthropoda (Aglaspidida, Pycnogonida and Chelicerata). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 297–320. Chapman & Hall: London.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

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