Globigerina

Globigerina bulloides, copyright Bruce Hayward.

Belongs within: Globigerinidae.

Globigerina is a genus of planktonic forams known from the Palaeocene to the present (Loeblich & Tappan 1964b).

Characters (from Loeblich & Tappan 1964b): Test free, trochospiral, chambers spherical to ovate; wall calcareous, perforate, radial in structure, surface may be smooth, pitted, cancellated, hispid or spinose; aperture interiomarginal, umbilical, with tendency in some species to extend to slightly extraumbilical position, previous apertures remaining open into umbilicus.

<==Globigerina d’Orbigny 1826G86 (see below for synonymy)
    |--*G. bulloides d’Orbigny 1826C40, H03
    |--G. ampliaperturaP79
    |--G. angulisuturalisP79
    |--G. angustiumbilicata Bolli 1957 [=G. ciperoensis angustiumbilicata]H03
    |--G. bradyiQ72
    |--G. calidaP79
    |--G. ciperoensisQ72
    |--G. conglomerataLT64a
    |--G. corpulentaG92
    |--G. cretaceaLT64a
    |--G. dehiscensP79
    |--G. druryiP79
    |--G. dubiaC40
    |--G. euaperturaH90
    |--G. falconensisLJ98
    |--G. foliata Bolli 1957H03
    |--G. gortoniP79
    |--G. grimsdaleiLT64a
    |--G. hexagonaLT64a
    |--*Rhynchospira’ indica Ehrenberg 1845LT64b
    |--G. inflataLT64a
    |--G. nepentesP79
    |--*Ptygostomum’ oligoporum Ehrenberg 1843 (n. d.)LT64b
    |--G. pachydermaH03
    |--G. pseudoampliaperturaG92
    |--G. quinquelobaLT64a
    |--G. selliiP79
    |--G. tapuriensisP79
    |--*Pylodexia’ tetratrias Ehrenberg 1858LT64b
    |--G. trilobaC40
    |--G. turkomanica Brodsky 1929G86
    |--G. venezuelanaLT64a
    `--G. woodi [incl. G. woodi f. connecta]Q72

Globigerina d’Orbigny 1826G86 [=Globigenera (l. c.)LT64b; incl. Ptygostomum Ehrenberg 1843C40, LT64b, Pylodexia Ehrenberg 1858C40, Rhynchospira Ehrenberg 1845C40]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[C40] Cushman, J. A. 1940. Foraminifera: Their classification and economic use 3rd ed. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[G92] Gingerich, P. D. 1992. Marine mammals (Cetacea and Sirenia) from the Eocene of Gebel Mokattam and Fayum, Egypt: stratigraphy, age, and paleoenvironments. University of Michigan Papers on Paleontology 30: i–ix, 1–84.

[G86] Golemansky, V. G. 1986. Rhizopoda: Foraminiferida. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 17–20. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[H03] Hanagata, S. 2003. Miocene–Pliocene Foraminifera from the Niigata oil-fields region, northeastern Japan. Micropaleontology 49 (4): 293–340.

[H90] Hayward, B. W. 1990. Use of foraminiferal data in analysis of Taranaki Basin, New Zealand. Journal of Foraminiferal Research 20: 71–83.

[LJ98] Li, Q., N. P. James, B. McGowran, Y. Bone & J. Cann. 1998. Synergetic influence of water masses and Kangaroo Island barrier on foraminiferal distribution, Lincoln and Lacepede shelves, South Australia: a synthesis. Alcheringa 22 (2): 153–176.

[LT64a] Loeblich, A. R., Jr & H. Tappan. 1964a. Sarcodina: chiefly “thecamoebians” and Foraminiferida. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt C. Protista 2 vol. 1. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press.

[LT64b] Loeblich, A. R., Jr & H. Tappan. 1964b. Sarcodina: chiefly “thecamoebians” and Foraminiferida. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt C. Protista 2 vol. 2. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press.

[P79] Papp, A. 1979. Tertiary. In: Robison, R. A., & C. Teichert (eds) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt A. Introduction. Fossilisation (Taphonomy), Biogeography and Biostratigraphy pp. A488–A504. The Geological Society of America, Inc.: Boulder (Colorado), and The University of Kansas: Lawrence (Kansas).

[Q72] Quilty, P. G. 1972. The biostratigraphy of the Tasmanian marine Tertiary. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 106: 25–44.

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