Globigerinidae

Globigerinoides ruber, from here.

Belongs within: Globigerinana.
Contains: Globigerina.

The Globigerinidae are a group of planktonic Foraminifera known from the Upper Cretaceous Maastrichtian epoch to the present. The earliest members of the family are assigned to the subfamily Globigerininae (which survives to the present), characterised by a trochospiral to streptospiral test with the primary aperture umbilical or spiroumbilical (Loeblich & Tappan 1964b).

Characters (from Loeblich & Tappan 1964b): Test trochospiral, streptospiral or globular, chambers spherical, ovate or clavate; primary aperture umbilical or spiroumbilical, may have secondary sutural or areal apertures, bullae, and accessory infralaminal apertures.

Globigerinidae
    |  i. s.: Globigerinatheka Brönnimann 1952HW93
    |           |--*G. barri Brönnimann 1952LT64b
    |           `--G. kugleriM12
    |         Inordinatosphaera Mohan & Soodan 1967HW93
    |         Orbulinoides Cordey 1968HW93
    |--Porticulasphaera Bolli, Loeblich & Tappan 1957LT64b [PorticulasphaerinaeM13]
    |    `--*P. mexicana (Cushman 1925) (see below for synonymy)LT64b
    |--SphaeroidinellinaeLT64b
    |    |--Sphaeroidinella Cushman 1927C40
    |    |    `--*S. dehiscens (Parker & Jones 1865) [=Sphaeroidina dehiscens]LT64b
    |    `--Sphaeroidinellopsis Banner & Blow 1959LT64b
    |         `--*S. subdehiscens (Blow 1959) [=Sphaeroidinella dehiscens subdehiscens]LT64b
    `--GlobigerininaeLT64a
         |--GlobigerinaG86
         |--Beella Banner & Blow 1960LT64b
         |    `--*B. digitata (Brady 1879) [=Globigerina digitata, Globorotalia (*Beella) digitata]LT64b
         |--Hastigerinella Cushman 1927LT64b
         |    `--*H. digitata (Rhumbler 1911) [=Hastigerina digitata, Hastigerinella rhumbleri Galloway 1933]LT64b
         |--Globorotaloides Bolli 1957LT64b
         |    |--*G. variabilis Bolli 1957LT64b
         |    `--G. suteriWPL96
         |--Globoquadrina Finlay 1947LT64b
         |    |--*G. dehiscens (Chapman, Parr & Collins 1934) [=Globorotalia dehiscens]LT64b
         |    |--G. altispiraBC79
         |    |--G. dutertrei (d’Orbigny 1839)A68
         |    `--G. quadraria [incl. G. quadraria var. advena]LT64a
         |--NeogloboquadrinaH03
         |    |--N. acostaensisKS02
         |    |--N. asanoiH03
         |    |--N. continuosaKS02
         |    |--N. dutertrei (d’Orbigny 1839) (see below for synonymy)H03
         |    |--N. incompta (Cifelli 1961) [=Globigerina incompta]H03
         |    `--N. pachyderma (Ehrenberg 1861) [=Aristerospira pachyderma]H03
         `--Globigerinoides Cushman 1927C40
              |--*G. ruber (d’Orbigny in de la Sagra 1839) [=Globigerina rubra]LT64b
              |--G. conglobatus (Brady 1879)A68
              |--G. extremesKS02
              |--G. fistulosusBC79
              |--G. glomerosus [=G. glomerosus f. transitorius]Q72
              |--G. helicinaC40
              |--G. minutaLT64a
              |--G. obliquusBC79
              |--G. primordiusP79
              |--G. quadrilobatus [incl. G. quadrilobatus f. immaturus]Q72
              |--G. sacculifer (Brady 1877)SK99, A68 (see below for synonymy)
              |--G. sicanusP79
              `--G. trilobusSK99 [=G. quadrilobatus f. trilobusQ72]

Globigerinoides sacculifer (Brady 1877)SK99, A68 [=G. quadrilobatus f. sacculiferQ72; incl. G. sacculiferus var. immaturaLT64a]

Neogloboquadrina dutertrei (d’Orbigny 1839) [=Globigerina dutertrei; incl. Globig. eggeri Rhumbler 1901, Globoquadrina eggeri, Neogloboquadrina eggeri, Globoq. himiensis Maiya, Saito & Sato 1976, N. himiensis]H03

*Porticulasphaera mexicana (Cushman 1925) [=Globigerina mexicana, Globigerapsis mexicana; incl. Porticulasphaera beckmanni Saito 1962]LT64b

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A68] Albani, A. D. 1968. Recent Foraminiferida of the central coast of New South Wales. AMSA Handbook 1: 1–37.

[BC79] Berggren, W. A., & J. A. Van Couvering. 1979. Quaternary. In: Robison, R. A., & C. Teichert (eds) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt A. Introduction. Fossilisation (Taphonomy), Biogeography and Biostratigraphy pp. A505–A543. The Geological Society of America, Inc.: Boulder (Colorado), and The University of Kansas: Lawrence (Kansas).

[C40] Cushman, J. A. 1940. Foraminifera: Their classification and economic use 3rd ed. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[G86] Golemansky, V. G. 1986. Rhizopoda: Foraminiferida. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 17–20. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[H03] Hanagata, S. 2003. Miocene-Pliocene Foraminifera from the Niigata oil-fields region, northeastern Japan. Micropaleontology 49 (4): 293–340.

[HW93] Hart, M. B., & C. L. Williams. 1993. Protozoa. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 43–70. Chapman & Hall: London.

[KS02] Kanjilal, S., & M. S. Srinivasan. 2002. New bivalves from the Miocene of Little Andaman Island, Bay of Bengal. Journal of the Geological Society of India 60: 527–536.

[LT64a] Loeblich, A. R., Jr & H. Tappan. 1964a. Sarcodina: chiefly “thecamoebians” and Foraminiferida. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt C. Protista 2 vol. 1. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press.

[LT64b] Loeblich, A. R., Jr & H. Tappan. 1964b. Sarcodina: chiefly “thecamoebians” and Foraminiferida. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt C. Protista 2 vol. 2. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press.

[M12] McGowran, B. 2012. Cenozoic environmental shifts and foraminiferal evolution. In: Talent, J. A. (ed.) Earth and Life: Global biodiversity, extinction intervals and biogeographic perturbations through time pp. 937–965. Springer.

[M13] Mikhalevich, V. I. 2013. New insight into the systematics and evolution of the Foraminifera. Micropaleontology 59 (6): 493–527.

[P79] Papp, A. 1979. Tertiary. In: Robison, R. A., & C. Teichert (eds) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt A. Introduction. Fossilisation (Taphonomy), Biogeography and Biostratigraphy pp. A488–A504. The Geological Society of America, Inc.: Boulder (Colorado), and The University of Kansas: Lawrence (Kansas).

[Q72] Quilty, P. G. 1972. The biostratigraphy of the Tasmanian marine Tertiary. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 106: 25–44.

[SK99] Schneider, C. E., & J. P. Kennett. 1999. Segregation and speciation in the Neogene planktonic foraminiferal clade Globoconella. Paleobiology 25 (3): 383–395.

[WPL96] Walsh, S. L., D. R. Prothero & D. J. Lundquist. 1996. Stratigraphy and paleomagnetism of the Middle Eocene Friars Formation and Poway Group, southwestern San Diego County, California. In: Prothero, D. R., & R. J. Emry (eds) The Terrestrial Eocene–Oligocene Transition in North America pp. 120–154. Cambridge University Press.

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