Glossodoris

Glossodoris atromarginata, copyright Alexander R. Jenner.

Belongs within: Chromodorididae.

Glossodoris is a genus of nudibranchs in which the mantle edge is developed into a series of permanent or semi-permanent folds (Rudman 1984).

Characters (from Rudman 1984): Body relatively high; mantle edge (sometimes very reduced) thrown into a series of semi-permanent or permanent folds. Mantle glands arranged submarginally around mantle and open dorsally. Gills either simple or subquadrangular and wriggle rhythmically. Oral tube two or three times size of buccal bulb. Jaw rodlets bifid, each rodlet recurved about midway along its length. Radular ribbon long and narrow, protruding from rear of buccal bulb below oesophagus as a recurved cylinder. Number of teeth in a half-row between a half and one-quarter the number of rows of teeth. Innermost lateral tooth usually with many small denticles on each side of cusp, inner teeth similarly shaped but denticulate only on outside. Midlaterals with elongate cusp, denticles reduced. Reproductive system with a long narrow vagina. Exogenous sperm sac large, vestibular gland a small glandular pocket at genital opening.

<==Glossodoris Ehrenberg 1831 R95 (see below for synonymy)
|–G. pallida (Ruppell & Leuckart 1828) R84 (see below for synonymy)
|–G. aeruginosa Rudman 1995 R95
|–G. angasi R95
|–G. atopa (Bergh 1905) P61
|–G. atromarginata (Cuvier 1804) BW09 (see below for synonymy)
|–G. aureola Rudman 1995 R95
|–G. aureomarginata (Cheeseman 1881) P61
|–G. cincta (Bergh 1888) R95
|–‘Chromodoris’ dalli Bergh 1879 (see below for synonymy) B77
|–G. elisabethina (Bergh 1876) H01
|–G. gracilis PP64
|–G. hikuerensis (Pruvot-Fol 1954) R95
|–G. kulonba Burn 1966 R84
|–G. misakinosibigae Baba 1988 R95
|–*Crepidodoris’ plumbea Pagenstecher 1977 R84
|–G. pullata Rudman 1995 R95
|–G. punctilucens (Bergh 1890) R84, B77 [=Chromodoris punctilucens B77, Chromolaichma punctilucens B77]
|–G. rubroannulata Rudman 1986 R95
|–G. sedna (Marcus & Marcus 1967) R95, B77 (see below for synonymy)
|–G. symmetricus Rudman 1960 R95
`–G. youngbleuthi (Kay & Young 1969) R84, B77 [=Chromodoris youngbleuthi B77, Chromolaichma youngbleuthi B77]

‘Chromodoris’ dalli Bergh 1879 [=Chromolaichma dalli; incl. Chromodoris banksi Farmer 1963, Chromodoris banksi sonora Marcus & Marcus 1967] B77

Glossodoris Ehrenberg 1831 R95 [incl. Casella Adams & Adams 1854 V02, Chromolaichma Bertsch 1977 R84, Crepidodoris Pagenstecher 1877 R84, Doriprismatica d’Orbigny 1839 BR17]

Glossodoris atromarginata (Cuvier 1804) BW09 [=Doris atromarginata B77, Casella atromarginata B77, *Doriprismatica atromarginata BR17; incl. *C. gouldii Adams & Adams 1858 B77, R84]

Glossodoris pallida (Ruppell & Leuckart 1828) R84 [=Doris pallida R84, Chromodoris pallida R84; incl. Doris xantholeuca Ehrenberg 1831 BR17, *Glossodoris xantholeuca BR17, R84]

Glossodoris sedna (Marcus & Marcus 1967) R95, B77 [=Casella sedna B77, Chromodoris sedna R84, *Chromolaichma sedna B77; incl. Chromodoris fayae Lance 1968 R84]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B77] Bertsch, H. 1977. The Chromodoridinae nudibranchs from the Pacific coast of America.—Part I. Investigative methods and supra-specific taxonomy. Veliger 20 (2): 107–118.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[H01] Huys, R. 2001. Splanchnotrophid systematics: a case of polyphyly and taxonomic myopia. Journal of Crustacean Biology 21 (1): 106–156.

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[R84] Rudman, W. B. 1984. The Chromodorididae (Opisthobranchia: Mollusca) of the Indo-west Pacific: a review of the genera. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 81 (2–3): 115–273.

[R95] Rudman, W. B. 1995. The Chromodorididae (Opisthobranchia: Mollusca) of the Indo-West Pacific: further species from New Caledonia and the Noumea romeri colour group. Molluscan Research 16: 1–43.

[V02] Valdés, Á. 2002. A phylogenetic analysis and systematic revision of the cryptobranch dorids (Mollusca, Nudibranchia, Anthobranchia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 136: 535–636.

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