Gobius

Rock goby Gobius paganellus, from Etrusko25.

Belongs within: Gobiidae.

Gobius is a genus of often colourful gobies found mostly in shallow bays and estuaries (Herre 1927).

Characters (from Herre 1927): Dorsal VI, 1–10 to 11; anal I, 8 to 12; scales in a longitudinal series 22 to 42. Body stout, oblong, sides of posterior half compressed; head large, broad, moderately depressed, with broadly rounded snout and convex profile; eyes large, high up, dorsolateral, close together, in anterior half of head; mouth of medium size, terminal or inferior, more or less oblique, with thick lips which are usually if not always fringed on inside, and three or more rows of teeth in each jaw, those of outer row in upper jaw always enlarged; isthmus broad; body covered with ctenoid scales of moderate size, which may extend forward to eyes or may be completely absent before first dorsal ; sides of head entirely naked; pectoral bases and breast scaled; dorsals not close together, vertical fins all comparatively low, less than  depth; pectorals large, broad, upper rays converted to free silky filaments; ventrals broad, rounded, not adnate to belly; caudal fin broad, rounded, blunt.

<==Gobius Linnaeus 1758T09
    |--G. aphya Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--G. caeruleus Lacepede 1798S59
    |--G. cobitis Pallas 1814KC-L22
    |--G. commersonii Val. 1837S59
    |--G. depressus Ramsay & Douglas-Ogilby 1886RD-O86
    |--G. eleotris Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--G. exanthonemusB96
    |--G. filosus Valenciennes 1837S59
    |--G. frenatus Gunther 1861S59
    |--G. isognathus Bleeker 1867S59
    |--G. jayakari Boulenger 1887S59
    |--G. jozo Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--G. kosierensis Klunzinger 1870S59
    |--G. lesueuri Risso 1810S59
    |--G. lienardi Bleeker 1875 [incl. G. coeruleus Lienard 1839 non G. caeruleus Lacepede 1798]S59
    |--G. louvali Petit 1936S59
    |--G. maindroni Sauvage 1880S59
    |--G. microcephalus Agassiz 1839P93
    |--G. micropsPP64
    |--G. niger Lac. 1798S59
    |--G. oligolepis Bleeker 1853H27
    |--G. paganellus Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--G. pallidus Val. 1837S59
    |--G. panayensis Jordan & Seale 1907H27
    |--G. quadrimaculatusPP64
    |--G. sadanundioH27
    |--G. sambiranoensis Bleeker 1867S59
    `--G. tigrellus Nichols 1951M58

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B96] Bond, C. E. 1996. Biology of Fishes 2nd ed. Saunders College Publishing: Fort Worth.

[H27] Herre, A. W. 1927. Gobies of the Philippines and the China Sea. Bureau of Printing: Manila.

[KC-L22] Kmentová, N., A. J. Cruz-Laufer, A. Pariselle, K. Smeets, T. Artois & M. P. M. Vanhove. 2022. Dactylogyridae 2022: a meta-analysis of phylogenetic studies and generic diagnoses of parasitic flatworms using published genetic and morphological data. International Journal for Parasitology 52: 427–457.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[M58] Munro, I. S. R. 1958. The fishes of the New Guinea region: a check-list of the fishes of New Guinea incorporating records of species collected by the Fisheries Survey Vessel “Fairwind” during the years 1948 to 1950. Papua and New Guinea Agricultural Journal 10 (4): 97–369 (reprinted: 1958. Territory of Papua and New Guinea Fisheries Bulletin 1).

[P93] Patterson, C. 1993. Osteichthyes: Teleostei. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 621–656. Chapman & Hall: London.

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[RD-O86] Ramsay, E. P., & J. Douglas-Ogilby. 1886. Descriptions of some new Australian fishes. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 4–7.

[S59] Smith, J. L. B. 1959. Gobioid fishes of the families Gobiidae, Periophthalmidae, Trypauchenidae, Taenioididae and Kraemeriidae of the western Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Bulletin 13: 185–225.

[T09] Thacker, C. E. 2009. Phylogeny of Gobioidei and placement within Acanthomorpha, with a new classification and investigation of diversification and character evolution. Copeia 2009 (1): 93–104.

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