Gorgoniidae

Venus seafan Gorgonia flabellum, copyright James St. John.

Belongs within: Octocorallia.

The Gorgoniidae are gorgonian corals with retractile polyps and an axis of gorgonin surrounding a narrow, hollow, cross-chambered central core (Daly et al. 2007).

<==Gorgoniidae
    |--Antillogorgia bipinnataRB14
    |--Gorgonoid banmiti Giammona & Stanton 1980NS93
    `--Gorgonia Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--G. aenea Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--G. antipathes Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--G. bertoloniR26
         |--G. ceratophyta Linaneus 1758L58
         |--G. clavata Risso 1826R26
         |--G. coralloidesR26
         |--G. flabellum Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--G. junceaG20
         |--G. mariaeW87
         |--G. petechizansR26
         |--G. pinnata Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--G. placomus Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--G. sarmentosaR26
         |--G. spinosaR26
         |--G. ventalina Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--G. verrucosaH04
         |--G. verticillarisR26
         `--G. viminalisR26

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

Daly, M., M. R. Brugler, P. Cartwright, A. G. Collins, M. N. Dawson, D. G. Fautin, S. C. France, C. S. McFadden, D. M. Opresko, E. Rodriguez, S. L. Romano & J. L. Stake. 2007. The phylum Cnidaria: a review of phylogenetic patterns and diversity 300 years after Linnaeus. Zootaxa 1668: 127–182.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[NS93] Nudds, J. R., & J. J. Sepkoski Jr. 1993. Coelenterata. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 101–124. Chapman & Hall: London.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

[RB14] Rodríguez, E., M. S. Barbeitos, M. R. Brugler, L. M. Crowley, A. Grajales, L. Gusmão, V. Häussermann, A. Reft & M. Daly. 2014. Hidden among sea anemones: the first comprehensive phylogenetic reconstruction of the order Actiniaria (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Hexacorallia) reveals a novel group of hexacorals. PLoS One 9 (5): e96998.

[W87] Withers, N. 1987. Dinoflagellate sterols. In: Taylor, F. J. R. (ed.) The Biology of Dinoflagellates pp. 316–359. Blackwell Scientific.

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