Gorytes laticinctus, copyright Jeremy Early.

Belongs within: Gorytina.

Gorytes is a genus of medium-sized to large wasps that provision their nests with leafhoppers (Auchenorrhyncha). Species are found in Eurasia, North America and Africa with the highest diversity in the Palaearctic realm. Nests (where known) are burrows about 12 cm deep with up to four cells per burrow (Bohart & Menke 1976).

Characters (from Bohart & Menke 1976): Medium-sized to fairly large wasps; inner eye margins converging below, often strongly; mandible usually with two inner subteeth; labrum inconspicuous; male flagellomeres often with tyli but last four articles not specially modified; pronotal collar rather thin, rounded, nearly even all across, not closely adherent to scutum; female foretarsal rake well developed, fore basitarsus with two long setae before apex; female arolia usually nearly equal in size; posterolateral oblique scutal carina present; prescutellar sulcus foveate; episternal sulcus when well impressed ending on scrobal sulcus which is continued forward in nearly a straight line to omaulus; acetabular carina incomplete or obscure; sternaulus complete or essentially so; forewing costal margin gently or sometimes strongly bowed out near base, media diverging before cu-a, stigma moderate, veinlet of submarginal cell II between recurrents about one-fourth posterior length of submarginal cell I; jugal lobe considerably larger than tegula, hindwing media generally diverging before cu-a but in some species at or a little beyond it; midtibia with two apical spurs; propodeal enclosure either extensively sculptured or longitudinally ridged, ridges sometimes confined to a frontal strip; spiracular groove present, usually distinct; gaster tapering toward base, sometimes nearly pedunculate; male with seven terga normally exposed, sterna without fimbriae, sternum VIII narrowly blade shaped, often minutely notched at apex; female pygidial plate variable, flat, usually long.

Gorytes Latreille 1804 (see below for synonymy)BM76
|--*G. quinquecinctus (Fabricius 1793)BM76 (see below for synonymy)
|--G. africanus Mercet 1905BM76
|--G. aino Tsuneki 1963BM76
|--G. albidulus (Lepeletier 1832) (see below for synonymy)BM76
|--G. albosignatus Fox 1892BM76
|--G. ambiguus Handlirsch 1888BM76
|--G. angustus (Provancher 1895) [=Hoplisus angustus; incl. H. angustatus Ashmead 1899]BM76
|--‘Hoplisus’ archoryctes Cockerell 1922BM76
|--G. atricornis Packard 1867 [incl. G. decorus Fox 1895, Hoplisus elegantulus Smith 1908, G. rugosus Packard 1867]BM76
|--G. atrifrons Fox 1892BM76
|--G. browniGS61
|--G. canaliculatus Packard 1867 (see below for synonymy)BM76
|--G. cochisensis Bohart 1971BM76
|--G. cribratus Morawitz 1892BM76
|--G. deceptor Krombein 1958BM76
|--G. dorothyae Krombein 1950BM76
| |--G. d. dorothyaeBM76
| `--G. d. russeolus Krombein 1954BM76
|--G. eous Gussakovskij 1933BM76
|--G. fallax Handlirsch 1888BM76
|--G. flagellatus Bohart 1971BM76
|--G. flaviventris Morawitz 1894BM76
|--G. formosusR26
|--G. foveolatus Handlirsch 1888 (see below for synonymy)BM76
|--G. hakutozanus Tsuneki 1963BM76
|--G. harbinensis Tsuneki 1967BM76
|--G. hebraeus Beaumont 1953BM76
|--G. heptapotamiensis Kazenas 1972BM76
|--G. intrudens Nurse 1903BM76
|--G. jonesi (Turner 1920) [=Arpactus jonesi]BM76
|--G. koreanus Handlirsch 1888BM76
|--G. kulingensis (Yasumatsu 1943) [=Hoplisus kulingensis]BM76
|--G. laticinctus (Lepeletier 1832) [=*Euspongus laticinctus]BM76
|--G. limbellus Bohart 1971BM76
|--G. maculicornis (Morawitz 1889) [=Hoplisus maculicornis]BM76
|--G. mcateei Krombein & Bohart 1962BM76
|--G. melpomene (Arnold 1936) [=Arpactus melpomene]BM76
|--G. mongolicus Tsuneki 1970BM76
|--G. mystaceusMS01
|--G. neglectus Handlirsch 1895BM76
|--G. nevadensis Fox 1892BM76
|--G. nigrifacies (Mocsáry 1879) [=Hoplisus nigrifacies]BM76
|--G. pieli Yasumatsu 1943BM76
|--G. planifrons (Wesmael 1852) [=Hoplisus planifrons]BM76
|--G. pleuripunctatus (Costa 1859) (see below for synonymy)BM76
| |--G. p. pleuripunctatusBM76
| `--G. p. barbarus Beaumont 1953BM76
|--G. procrustes Handlirsch 1888BM76
|--G. prosopis Bohart 1971BM76
|--G. provancheri Handlirsch 1895 [incl. G. laticinctus Provancher 1888 non Euspongus laticinctus Lepeletier 1832]BM76
|--G. proximus Handlirsch 1893BM76
|--G. quadrifasciatus (Fabricius 1804) (see below for synonymy)BM76
|--G. quinquefasciatus (Panzer 1798) (see below for synonymy)BM76
| |--G. q. quinquefasciatusBM76
| `--G. q. levantinus Pulawski 1961BM76
|--G. radoszkowskyi Handlirsch 1888BM76
|--G. schlettereri Handlirsch 1893BM76
| |--G. s. schlettereriBM76
| `--G. s. ponticus Beaumont 1967BM76
|--G. schmiedeknechtii Handlirsch 1888BM76
|--G. sepultus (Cockerell 1906) [=Hoplisus sepultus]BM76
|--G. simillimus Smith 1856 [incl. G. ephippiatus Packard 1867, G. gyponacinus Rohwer 1911]BM76
|--G. sogdianus Gussakovskij 1952BM76
|--G. sulcifrons (Costa 1869) [=Hoplisus sulcifrons; incl. H. laevigatus Kohl 1880]BM76
|--G. takeuchii Tsuneki 1963BM76
|--G. tricinctus (Pérez 1905) [=Hoplisus tricinctus]BM76
|--G. umatillae Bohart 1971 [incl. G. vicinus Handlirsch 1893 non Euspongus vicinus Lepeletier 1832]BM76
`--G. verhoeffi Tsuneki 1967BM76

Gorytes Latreille 1804 [=Euzonia Stephens 1829, Hoplisus Lepeletier 1832; incl. Arpactus Panzer 1805, Euspongus Lepeletier 1832]BM76

Gorytes albidulus (Lepeletier 1832) [=Hoplisus albidulus; incl. Euspongus albilabris Lepeletier 1832, Mellinus dissectus Panzer 1801 non Panzer 1801, Gorytes elegans Smith 1856 non Lepeletier 1832]BM76

Gorytes canaliculatus Packard 1867 [incl. G. asperatus Fox 1895, Hoplisus corrugis Mickel 1918, G. geminus Handlirsch 1888]BM76

Gorytes foveolatus Handlirsch 1888 [incl. G. dichrous Mercet 1906, G. longicornis Handlirsch 1898 non Sphex longicornis Rossi 1790, G. rubrocinctulus Strand 1910, G. usurpator Schulz 1906]BM76

Gorytes pleuripunctatus (Costa 1859) [=Hoplisus pleuripunctatus; incl. G. fraternus Mercet 1906, H. tirolensis Kohl 1880]BM76

Gorytes quadrifasciatus (Fabricius 1804) [=Mellinus quadrifasciatus, *Arpactus quadrifasciatus; incl. Hoplisus montivagus Mocsáry 1878, Euspongus vicinus Lepeletier 1832]BM76

*Gorytes quinquecinctus (Fabricius 1793)BM76 [=Mellinus quinquecinctusBM76, Ceropales quinquecinctusL02, *Euzonia quinquecinctaBM76, *Hoplisus quinquecinctusBM76; incl. Mellinus arenarius Panzer 1798BM76, Crabro calceatus Rossi 1794BM76, Gorytes cinctus Latreille 1805BM76, G. ruficornis Latreille 1805BM76, Hoplisus sinuatus Costa 1869BM76]

Gorytes quinquefasciatus (Panzer 1798) [=Mellinus quinquefasciatus; incl. Hoplisus anceps Mocsáry 1879, H. eburneus Chevrier 1870, H. geminatus Costa 1869, Gorytes intercedens Handlirsch 1893, H. lacordairei Lepeletier 1845, G. mauretanicus Handlirsch 1898]BM76

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[GS61] Giordani Soika, A. 1961. Gli Odynerus sensu antiquo del continente Australiano e della Tasmania. Boll. Mus. Civ. Venezia 14: 57–202.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[MS01] Mocsáry, A., & V. Szépligeti. 1901. Hymenopterák [Hymenopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 121–169. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

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