Silky oak Grevillea robusta in flower, photographed by Jan Smith.

Belongs within: Grevilleoideae.

Grevillea is a genus of over 350 species of trees and shrubs found in Australia and New Guinea. Outlying species are also found on Sulawesia and New Caledonia. Of the three species found in New Guinea, G. baileyana and G. glauca are shared with northern Australia whereas G. papuana is endemic to New Guinea (Foreman 1995). Members of the genus are characterised by the production of fruits as leathery follicles with seeds often winged all around.

Some species of Grevillea are popular garden plants for their bright comb-like flowers. One such species is the largest member of the genus, the silky oak G. robusta, a native of coastal eastern Australia growing to over 30 m in height. The sand grevillea G. arenaria is a spreading shrub with leaves that are more or less hairy on the lower surface, found in western New South Wales.

Characters (from Foreman 1995): Leaves spiralled to alternate, simple or pinnate, usually with differentiated upper and lower surfaces. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, panicles or raceme-like, sometimes with flowers borne on one side. Peduncles absent. Indumentum adpressed, hairs 2-branched or appearing to be attached near the middle. Flowers bisexual, pedicellate, in pairs, subtended by small, non-persisting bract; floral bracts absent. Perianth mostly recurved; limb oblique, globular, segments coherent at limb for some time after tube splits open. Anthers all perfect, ovate or oblong, sessile in concave limb segments; connective not usually prolonged. Disc fleshy, semi-annular or annular, mostly entire or sometimes more or less bilobed. Ovary shortly stipitate or sessile, 1-locular; ovules 2, hemitropous, attached laterally; style often elongated, protruding from slit on lower side of tube, retained for some time by coherent limb segments, eventually free; pollen presenter more or less dilated, straight, oblique or lateral and disc-like; stigma usually in centre of pollen presenter. Fruit a follicle, coriaceous to woody. Seeds 1 or 2, flat, orbicular or oblong, winged all around or occasionally wingless.

|--G. acuariaG04b
|--G. adenotrichaLK14
|--G. agrifoliaLK14
| |--G. a. ssp. agrifoliaLK14
| `--G. a. ssp. microcarpaLK14
|--G. alpinaMB97
|--G. anethifoliaG04b
|--G. arenariaT08
| |--G. a. var. arenariaT08
| `--G. a. var. canescensT08
|--G. aspleniifoliaH90
|--G. baileyana McGillivray 1993 (see below for synonymy)F95
|--G. banksiiA91
|--G. bipinnatifidaS35
|--G. bracteosaB00
|--G. browniiGK00
|--G. cagianaG04b
|--G. calcicolaK90
|--G. caleyiH90
|--G. candelabroidesK90
|--G. chrysodendronC16
|--G. cirsiifoliaM87
|--G. craveniiLK14
|--G. cunninghamiiLK14
|--G. decipiensG04b
|--G. depauperataGK00
|--G. dimidiataLK14
|--G. diversifoliaGK00
|--G. donaldianaLK14
|--G. dryandriLK14
|--G. erectilobaG04a
|--G. eriostachyaM93
|--G. eryngioidesH18
|--G. erythrocladaLK14
|--G. fasciculataGK00
|--G. georgeanaG04a
|--G. glauca Knight 1809 [incl. G. gibbosa Brown 1810]F95
|--G. goodiiM87
|--G. heliospermaLK14
|--G. helmsianaH15
|--G. huegeliiB00
|--G. ilicifoliaR35
|--G. insignisG04b
| |--G. i. ssp. insignisG04b
| `--G. i. ssp. elliotiiG04b
|--G. integrifoliaS95
|--G. juncifoliaMLP09
|--G. juniperinaB00
|--G. lanigeraG76
|--G. latifoliaLK14
|--G. laurifoliaM87
|--G. lavandulaceaB00
|--G. leptobotrysGK00
|--G. linearisC08
|--G. longifoliaH90
|--G. longistylaB96
|--G. lullfitziiG04b
|--G. maheraeLK14
|--G. microstylaLK14
|--G. mimosoidesLK14
|--G. miquelianaM89
|--G. monticolaLK00
|--G. mucronulataB96
|--G. myosodesLK14
|--G. nematophyllaG04b
|--G. obliquistigmaG04a
|--G. paniculataS95
|--G. papuana Diels 1916 [incl. G. subargentea White 1922]F95
|--G. paradoxaG04a
|--G. parallelaLK14
|--G. petrophiloidesS95
|--G. pilosaG04b
|--G. piluliferaGK00
|--G. polystachyaC16
|--G. prasinaLK14
|--G. pritzeliiS95
|--G. pteridifoliaB00
|--G. pterospermaCC03
|--G. pulchellaGK00
|--G. puniceaNC91
|--G. pyramidalisLK14
| |--G. p. ssp. pyramidalisLK14
| `--G. p. ssp. leucadendronLK14
|--G. quercifoliaGK00
|--G. ramosissimaB96
|--G. refractaLK14
|--G. renwickiana von Mueller 1887M87
|--G. repensM87
|--G. robustaSK02
|--G. rogersonianaK90
|--G. sarissaCC03
|--G. scabraLK00
|--G. sericeaH87
|--G. stenobotryaB05
|--G. stenomeraK90
|--G. stenophyllaK90
|--G. striataC16
|--G. thelemanianaK90
| |--G. t. ssp. thelemanianaK90
| `--G. t. ssp. pinasterK90
|--G. trinervisC08
|--G. triternataB96
|--G. variifoliaK90
|--G. wickhamiiLK14
| |--G. w. ssp. wickhamiiLK14
| `--G. w. ssp. pallidaLK14
`--G. wilsoniiGL04

Grevillea baileyana McGillivray 1993 [incl. G. edelfeltii Muell. 1885 (n. n.), Kermadecia pinnatifida Bailey 1886, G. pinnatifida (Bailey) Bailey 1886 non Jacques 1843]F95

*Type species of generic name indicated


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