Gryllinae

 Tropical house cricket Gryllodes supplicans, copyright Elliotte Rusty Harold.

Belongs within: Grylloidea.
Contains: Gryllus.

The Gryllinae, field crickets and house crickets, include the most familiar members of the cricket family. Some species, such as the tropical house cricket Gryllodes sigillatus, have become abundant worldwide in association with human activity. The black field crickets of the genus Teleogryllus may be serious pasture pests in parts of their range in Australia and Oceania.

Members of the genus Apterogryllus are large crickets that live in deep burrows in hard soils. They lack auditory tympana on the fore tibia (Rentz 1996).

Characters (from Rentz 1996): Head without dorsal bristles. Fore tibia with both anterior and posterior auditory tympana, with posterior tympanum only, or without tympana. Hind tibia without spines between spurs.

<==GryllinaeR96
    |--GymnogryllusR96 [GymnogrylliniR91]
    |--CephalogryllusR96 [CephalogrylliniR91]
    |--GryllomorphiniR91
    |    |--Eurygryllodes gorimuisR91, MC13
    |    `--MaluaR91
    |--GrylliniO94
    |    |--GryllusRH15
    |    `--TeleogryllusO94
    |         |--T. commodusR96
    |         |--T. oceanicus (le Guillou 1841) [=Gryllus oceanicus]O94
    |         `--T. wernerianusO94
    |--ModicogrylliniO94
    |    |--Modicogryllus pacificus Otte 1994O94
    |    |--LoxoblemmusR91
    |    |--LepidogryllusR91
    |    |    |--L. comparatusR96
    |    |    `--L. parvulusR96
    |    `--GryllodesO94
    |         |--G. laplataeR15
    |         |--G. sigillatus (Walker 1869) [=Gryllus sigillatus]O94
    |         `--G. supplicansR91
    `--Brachytrupini [Brachytrupinae]O94
         |--NotosciobiaO94
         |--ApterogryllusO94
         |    |--A. brunnerianusR96
         |    `--A. palpatusMC13
         |--AnurogryllusO94
         |    |--A. arboriusO94
         |    `--A. muticus (DeGeer 1773) [=Gryllus muticus]R18
         `--BrachytrupesBM76
              |--B. achatinusBM76
              `--B. megacephalusBM76
Gryllinae incertae sedis:
  MaluagryllusR96
  CyrtoprosopusR96
  Daintria bookandriniR96
  Yarrita pikiaraR96
  ComidogryllusR96
  BirubiaR96
  Buangina diminuensR96
  Melanogryllus desertus (Pallas 1771)P05
  Eumodicogryllus bordigalensis (Latreille 1804) (see below for synonymy)P05
  Hygronemobius albipalpus (Saussure 1877) [=Nemobius albipalpus]R18
  Hemigryllus ortonii (Scudder 1869) [=Nemobius ortonii; incl. H. kreichbaumeri]R18
  Aphemogryllus Rehn 1918R18
    `--*A. gracilis Rehn 1918R18
  MiogryllusR18
    |--M. convolutus (Johannson 1763) [=Gryllus convolutus]R18
    |--M. lineatusRH15
    |--M. tucumanensis (Giglio-Tos 1894) [=Gryllus (Miogryllus) tucumanensis]R18
    `--M. verticalis (Serville 1839)R18 [=Gryllus verticalisRH15; incl. M. laplataeRH15, M. saussureiRH15]
  AritellaMC13
    |--A. curtipennisO94
    |--A. fabriaO94
    |--A. murwillumbaO94
    `--A. ulmarraO94
  RufocephalusMC13

Eumodicogryllus bordigalensis (Latreille 1804) [=Modicogryllus bordigalensis, Tartarogryllus bordigalensis, T. burdigalensis (l. c.)]P05

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[O94] Otte, D. 1994. The Crickets of Hawaii: origin, systematics and evolution. The Orthopterists’ Society: The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.

[P05] Papapavlou, K. P. 2005. New distributional data on the Orthoptera (Saltatoria) of the northern Dodecanese (“southern Sporadhes”) archipelago, Greece. Graellsia 61 (1): 3–11.

[R15] Rehn, J. A. G. 1915. A further contribution to the knowledge of the Orthoptera of Argentina. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (2): 270–292.

[R18] Rehn, J. A. G. 1918. On a collection of Orthoptera from the State of Pará, Brazil. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 70: 144–236, pls 1–2.

[RH15] Rehn, J. A. G., & M. Hebard. 1915. The genus Gryllus (Orthoptera) as found in America. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (2): 293–322.

[R91] Rentz, D. C. F. 1991. Orthoptera (grasshoppers, locusts, katydids, crickets). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 369–393. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

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