Gryllus

European field cricket Gryllus campestris, copyright Gail Hampshire.

Belongs within: Gryllinae.

Gryllus is a cosmopolitan genus of dark-coloured crickets with a tri-lobed epiphallus in the male.

<==Gryllus Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--G. (Acheta Linnaeus 1758)L58
    |    |--G. (A.) campestris Linnaeus 1758L58
    |    |--G. (A.) domesticus Linnaeus 1758RH15
    |    `--G. (A.) umbraculatus Linnaeus 1758L58
    `--G. (‘Bulla’ Linnaeus 1758 non Linnaeus 1758)L58
         |--G. (B.) bipunctatus Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--G. (B.) carinatus Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--G. (B.) subulatus Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--G. (B.) unicolor Linnaeus 1758L58
         `--G. (B.) variolosus Linnaeus 1758L58
Gryllus incertae sedis:
  G. aferRH15
  G. assimilis (Fabricius 1775) (see below for synonymy)RH15
  G. bimaculatus De Geer 1773P05
  G. bordigalensisRH15
  G. capensisB00
  G. chinensisRH15
  G. desertusRH15
  G. devastatorR13
  G. frontalisB01
  G. fultoniO94
  G. gryllusMC05
  G. infernalisB01
  G. mitratusRH15
  G. ovisopisO94
  G. servilleiRH15
  G. veletisO94

Gryllus assimilis (Fabricius 1775) [=Acheta assimilis; incl. G. abbreviatus Serville 1839, G. alogus Rehn 1902, G. americanus Blatchley 1903, G. angustus Scudder 1862, G. arenaceus Blatchley 1903, G. argentinus Saussure 1874, G. armatus Scudder 1902, G. augustulus Walker 1869, G. aztecus Saussure 1859, G. barretti Rehn 1901, G. bermudensis Caudell 1903, G. bicolor Saussure 1874, G. capitatus Saussure 1874, G. chichimecus Saussure 1897, G. comptus Walker 1869, G. contingens Walker 1869, G. cubensis Saussure 1859, G. debilis Walker 1871, G. determinatus Walker 1869, G. firmus Scudder 1902, G. forticeps Saussure 1874, G. fulvipennis Blanchard 1854, G. galapageius Scudder 1893, G. insularis Scudder 1876, G. integer Scudder 1901, G. lineaticeps Stål 1858, G. luctuosus Serville 1839, G. luridus Walker 1869, G. mexicanus Saussure 1859, G. miopteryx Saussure 1877, G. mundus Walker 1869, G. neglectus Scudder 1862, Acheta nigra Harris 1841, G. assimilis var. pallida Saussure 1897, G. parilis Walker 1869, G. pennsylvanicus Burmeister 1838, G. personatus Uhler 1864, G. peruviensis Saussure 1874, G. rubens Scudder 1902, G. scudderianus Saussure 1874, G. septentrionalis Walker 1869, G. signatipes Walker 1869, G. signatus Walker 1869, G. similaris Walker 1869, G. vicarius Walker 1869, G. vocalis Scudder 1901]RH15

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B01] Bolivar, I. 1901. Orthopterák [Orthoptères]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 223–243. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[B00] Bordage, E. 1900. On the absence of regeneration in the posterior limbs of the Orthoptera saltatoria and its probable causes. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 234–236.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[MC05] Machado, G., P. C. Carrera, A. M. Pomini & A. J. Marsaioli. 2005. Chemical defense in harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones): do benzoquinone secretions deter invertebrate and vertebrate predators? Journal of Chemical Ecology 31 (11): 2519–2539.

[O94] Otte, D. 1994. The Crickets of Hawaii: origin, systematics and evolution. The Orthopterists’ Society: The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.

[P05] Papapavlou, K. P. 2005. New distributional data on the Orthoptera (Saltatoria) of the northern Dodecanese (“southern Sporadhes”) archipelago, Greece. Graellsia 61 (1): 3–11.

[RH15] Rehn, J. A. G., & M. Hebard. 1915. The genus Gryllus (Orthoptera) as found in America. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (2): 293–322.

[R13] Reuter, O. M. 1913. Lebensgewohnheiten und Instinkte der Insekten bis zum Erwachen der sozialen Instinkte. R. Friedländer & Sohn: Berlin.

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