Hahniidae

Male Hahnia pusilla, from Danish Spiders.

Belongs within: Neocribellatae.

The Hahniidae are a cosmopolitan family of small spiders that construct delicate sheetwebs close to the ground. Members are most commonly found in forested areas. They are characterised by the distinctive arrangement of the spinnerets which form a single transverse row (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Small; eight eyes present in two rows; legs with three tarsal claws; tracheal spiracles opening midway on abdomen; ecribellate; spinnerets arranged in a transverse row; entelegyne.

<==Hahniidae
    |--CybaeolinaeJD-S07
    |--Cryphoeca Thorell 1870MG03 [CryphoecinaeJD-S07]
    |    |--C. angularis Saito 1934MG03
    |    |--C. montana Emerton 1909PS08
    |    |--C. silvicola (Koch 1834)MG03
    |    `--C. thaleri Wunderlich 1995MG03
    `--Hahnia Koch 1841 [Hahniinae]JD-S07
         |--H. crozetensis Hickman 1939H39
         |--H. glacialis Sörensen 1898S06
         |--H. hickmani Forster 1964F64
         |--H. michaelseniH39
         |--H. nava (Blackwall 1841)BBM02
         |--H. pusillaRKD02
         `--H. tabulicolaH39
Hahniidae incertae sedis:
  Iberina Simon 1881MG03
  NeohahniaL-M-HM11
  NeoantisteaD90
  Tuberta Simon 1884MG03
    `--T. maerens (Pickard-Cambridge 1863)MG03
  AntisteaD90
    |--A. brunneaJVHN90
    `--A. elegans (Balckwall 1841)K02
  Alistra Thorell 1894 [incl. Tawerana Forster 1970]PVD10
    |--*A. longicauda Thorell 1894T94
    |--A. centralis (Forster 1970)PVD10
    |--A. inanga (Forster 1970)PVD10
    |--A. mangareia (Forster 1970)PVD10
    |--A. napua (Forster 1970)PVD10
    |--A. opina (Forster 1970)PVD10
    |--A. reinga (Forster 1970)PVD10
    `--A. tuna (Forster 1970)PVD10
  Kapanga Forster 1970 [incl. Tuata Forster 1970]PVD10
    |--*K. wiltoni Forster 1970PVD10
    |--K. alta Forster 1970PVD10
    |--K. festiva Forster 1970PVD10
    |--K. grana Forster 1970PVD10
    |--K. hickmani (Forster 1964)PVD10
    |--K. isulata (Forster 1970)PVD10 [=Tuata insulataFF99]
    |--K. luana Forster 1970PVD10
    |--K. mana Forster 1970PVD10
    |--K. manga Forster 1970PVD10
    `--K. solitaria (Bryant 1935)PVD10 [=Hahnia solitariaNS00]
  Porioides Forster in Platnick 1989 [=Poria Forster 1970 (preoc.) non Pers. 1794 (ICBN)]PVD10
    |--*P. rima (Forster 1970)PVD10 [=Poria rimaNS00]
    `--P. tasmani (Forster 1970)PVD10
  Scotospilus Simon 1886 [incl. Tuana Forster 1970]PVD10
    |--S. divisus (Forster 1970)PVD10
    |--S. nelsonensis (Forster 1970)PVD10
    |--S. plenus (Forster 1970)PVD10
    `--S. westlandicus (Forster 1970)PVD10
  Rinawa Forster 1970PVD10
    |--*R. otagoensis Forster 1970PVD10
    |--R. bola Forster 1970PVD10
    |--R. cantuaria Forster 1970PVD10
    `--R. pula Forster 1970PVD10
  Eohahnia succini Petrunkevitch 1958S93

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BBM02] Bonte, D., L. Baert & J.-P. Maelfait. 2002. Spider assemblage structure and stability in a heterogeneous coastal dune system (Belgium). Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 331–343.

[D90] Dondale, C. D. 1990. Litter Araneae (Araneida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 477–502. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[F64] Forster, R. R. 1964. The Araneae and Opiliones of the subantarctic islands of New Zealand. Pacific Insects Monograph 7: 58–115.

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[H39] Hickman, V. V. 1939. Opiliones and Araneae. British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition Reports Series B 4: 157–188.

[JVHN90] Jennings, D. T., W. M. Vander Haegen & A. M. Narahara. 1990. A sampling of forest-floor spiders (Araneae) by expellant, Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge, Maine. Journal of Arachnology 18: 173–180.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K02] Koponen, S. 2002. Ground-living spiders in bogs in northern Europe. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 262–267.

[L-M-HM11] Lo-Man-Hung, N. F., R. Marichal, D. F. Candiani, L. S. Carvalho, R. P. Indicatti, A. B. Bonaldo, D. H. R. Cobo, A. Feijoo M., S. Tselouiko, C. Praxedes, G. Brown, E. Velasquez, T. Decaëns, J. Oszwald, M. Martins & P. Lavelle. 2011. Impact of different land management on soil spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) in two Amazonian areas of Brazil and Colombia. Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 296–302.

[MG03] Marusik, Yu. M., & E. F. Guseinov. 2003. Spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Azerbaijan. 1. New family and genus records. Arthropoda Selecta 12 (1): 29–46.

[NS00] Nicholls, D. C., P. J. Sirvid, S. D. Pollard & M. Walker. 2000. A list of arachnid primary types held in Canterbury Museum. Records of the Canterbury Museum 14: 37–48.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[PS08] Pinzón, J., & J. Spence. 2008. Performance of two arboreal pitfall trap designs in sampling cursorial spiders from tree trunks. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 280–286.

[RKD02] Relys, V., S. Koponen & D. Dapkus. 2002. Annual differences and species turnover in peat bog spider communities. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 416–424.

[S93] Selden, P. A. 1993. Arthropoda (Aglaspidida, Pycnogonida and Chelicerata). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 297–320. Chapman & Hall: London.

[S06] Strand, E. 1906. Die arktischen Araneae, Opiliones und Chernetes. In: Römer, F., & F. Schaudinn (eds) Fauna Arctica. Eine Zusammenstellun der arktischen Tierformen, mit besonder Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898 vol. 4 pp. 431–478. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

[T94] Thorell, T. 1894. Förteckning öfver Arachnider från Java och närgränsande öar, insamlade af docenten D:r Carl Aurivillius; jemte beskrifingar å några sydasiatiska och sydamerikanska Spindlar. Bihang till K. Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 20 pt 4 (4): 1–63.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *