Halictus

Halictus rubicundus, copyright Leon van der Noll.

Belongs within: Halictinae.

Halictus is a widespread genus of halictine bees with strong distal veins in the fore wing.

<==Halictus Latreille 1804 [Halictina]E01
    |--H. abnormis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. acrocephalus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. aeratusMS01
    |--H. aglyphusB26
    |--H. albescens Sm. 1853 (see below for synonymy)B26
    |    |--H. a. albescensB26
    |    |--H. a. gibber Vachal 1892B26
    |    |--H. a. insularis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |    `--H. a. lahorensis Cameron 1902 (see below for synonymy)B26
    |--H. albipes (Panzer 1809)MS01, M65 [=Prosopis albipesL49]
    |--H. albocinctus Lucas 1847E12
    |--H. albomaculatus Lucas 1847E12
    |--H. algirus Blüthg. 1923B26
    |--H. amicusC01
    |--H. amitinus [incl. H. rufozonatus, H. amitinus var. rufozonata]B26
    |--H. aquilae Ckll. 1898C00
    |--H. araxanellus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. araxanusB26
    |--H. armaticepsR35
    |--H. assamicus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. aulacophorus Strand 1914B26
    |--H. babakanensis Friese 1914B26
    |--H. baguionellus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. banahaonisB26
    |    |--H. b. banahaonisR35
    |    `--H. b. macerulaR35
    |--H. bardusC01
    |--H. baruensis Friese 1918B26
    |--H. bataviae Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. bedanus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. bihamatus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. bispinosus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. burmanicus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. burmanus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. burmensis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. caeruleiceps Friese 1914B26
    |--H. calceatusB26
    |--H. cameronellusB26
    |--H. carinifronsB26
    |--H. catileps Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. cattulus Vach. 1894 (see below for synonymy)B26
    |--H. cavernifrons Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. cavillosus [=H. lucidiusculus var. cavillosus]B26
    |--H. cephalicusB26
    |--H. ceylonicus Cameron 1902 [incl. Ceylonicola submicans Friese 1918]B26
    |--H. cingulatusB26
    |--H. clarusB26
    |--H. compressus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. constrictusB26
    |--H. coriaceusC01
    |--H. costulatusMS01
    |--H. cretinicola Friese 1909B26
    |--H. cuniculusB26
    |--H. cylindricusR35
    |--H. dapanensis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. dasygasterB26
    |--H. deesanus Cam. 1908B26
    |--H. deiphobusB26
    |--H. deliensis Strand 1910 (see below for synonymy)B26
    |--H. desertorumB26
    |--H. discursus Cameron 1897B26
    |--H. ducalisB26
    |--H. euboeensisB26
    |--H. farinosusE00
    |--H. fascigerB26
    |--H. feai [incl. H. carianus Cameron 1903]B26
    |--H. fimbriatellus [incl. H. gutturosus]B26
    |--H. fimbriatusB26
    |--H. fodiensL49
    |--H. formosicola Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. fraternus Smith 1860B26
    |--H. fruhstorferi Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. fulgensB26
    |--H. fulvicornisB26
    |--H. fulvipes [incl. H. resurgens]B26
    |--H. fulvovittatusB26
    |--H. funebrisB26
    |--H. fuscus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. gedehensisB26
    |--H. gedensisB26
    |--H. geminatus Pérez 1903B26
    |--H. getasanus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. goluratus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. grandiceps Cameron 1897 [incl. H. pinguis Vachal 1902]B26
    |--H. himalayensis Bingham 1898 [incl. H. indicus Cameron 1909]B26
    |--H. holtziB26
    |--H. hydrocephalus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. inoa [=Andrena inoa]B26
    |--H. interstitialis Cameron 1903B26
    |--H. intricatus [incl. H. thoracicus Friese 1914]B26
    |--H. itaminusB26
    |--H. itinerans Cam. 1903B26
    |--H. jacobsoni Friese 1914B26
    |--H. janavus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. jarkandensisB26
    |--H. kalutarae Cockerell 1911 [incl. H. amplicollis Friese 1918]B26
    |--H. kandycola Strand 1913B26
    |--H. kangranus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. kintonensis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. kodialicus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. krishna Nurse 1902B26
    |--H. laevisB26
    |--H. lanuginosusR35
    |--H. laratellus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. laraticus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. laticeps [incl. H. affinis]B26
    |--H. latisignatus Cam. 1908B26
    |--H. leiosomaB26
    |--H. lerouxiiR35
    |--H. leucozoniusB26
    |--H. ligatusKME08
    |    |--H. l. ligatusBS23
    |    `--H. l. sayiBS23
    |--H. linearisB26
    |--H. liodomus [incl. H. scopipes Friese 1918]B26
    |--H. lionotulus Ckll. 1919B26
    |--H. lombokensis Friese 1918B26
    |--H. longulusR13
    |--H. lucidipennis Smith 1853B26
    |--H. lucidiusculus [incl. H. darjeelingensis Strand 1909]B26
    |--H. maculatusMS01
    |--H. majorB26
    |--H. malachurusR35
    |--H. margheritanus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. marginatus [incl. H. nireus]B26
    |--H. massuricus Blüthgen 1926 [incl. H. massuricus var. chaprensis Blüthgen 1926]B26
    |--H. massuriensis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. matanganus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. matheranensis Cam. 1907 [incl. H. emergendus Cam. 1908, H. nasicensis Ckll. 1911]B26
    |--H. matianensis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. matianicus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. maymyonicus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. mediterraneus [incl. H. bimaculatus Pérez, Alfken & Blüthg. 1924 (preoc.)]B26
    |--H. mesillensisC01
    |--H. mimulus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. minutissimusB26
    |--H. morioR35
    |--H. muaranus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. mucoreusB26
    |--H. multistictus Cockerell 1909B26
    |--H. negriticus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. nesiotus [incl. H. nesiotus var. domitus]B26
    |--H. nicobaricus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. nigroviridis Friese 1914B26
    |--H. notatusR35
    |--H. notopsilus Strand 1914B26
    |--H. notoxystus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. nursei Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. nymphalisC01
    |--H. occidens [incl. H. recognitus, H. taihorinis]B26
    |--H. opistochlorus Cockerell 1919B26
    |--H. orpheus [=H. testaceus Nurse 1902]B26
    |--H. palmeri Ckll. 1919B26
    |--H. paradnanus Strand 1914B26
    |--H. parisB26
    |--H. pashokensis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. patellatusMS01
    |--H. pauperatusL49
    |--H. penangensis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. perdifficilisC01
    |--H. petrefactusPP19
    |--H. pheidolopsis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. physocephalus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. plasunicus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. politusB26
    |--H. polyctor Bingham 1908B26
    |--H. portlandensis Rayment 1953M65
    |--H. propinquus Smith 1852 (see below for synonymy)B26
    |--H. pruinosusR35
    |--H. pseudoccidens Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. pseudopalmeri Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. pseudothoracicus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. puloensis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. quadricinctusR35
    |    |--H. q. quadricinctusB26
    |    `--H. q. duplocinctus [incl. H. magnificus]B26
    |--H. quadrinotatusB26
    |--H. quadristrigatus [incl. H. ecaphosus]L49
    |--H. ralunicola Friese 1909B26
    |--H. reflexoides Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. reflexus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. reliquus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. reticulosus D. T. 1896 [=H. reticulatus (preoc.)]B26
    |--H. rubescensB26
    |--H. rubicundusMS01
    |--H. rugifrons Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. ruidosensisC01
    |--H. salutatrixB26
    |--H. samarensis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. sanitarius Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. savenyeiGE05
    |--H. scabiosaeR35
    |--H. scaphonotus Strand 1914B26
    |--H. scopaceus Friese 1914B26
    |--H. seladoniusR35
    |--H. seicaeruleusC01
    |--H. semirussatus Ckll. 1920B26
    |--H. semisculptus Ckll. 1911B26
    |--H. senilisB26
    |--H. serratus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. sexcinctusB26
    |--H. sexnotatusR35
    |--H. sexstrigatus [incl. H. kiautschauensis, H. monstrificus, H. pallilomus, H. subfamiliaris]B26
    |--H. shillongensis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. subauratoides Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. subauratus (Rossi 1792)B26 (see below for synonymy)
    |--H. sibuyanensis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. sigiriellus Cockerell 1911B26
    |--H. sikkimensis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. sikkimicus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. singapurellus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. sirambeanus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. sisymbriiC01
    |--H. splendidulus [incl. H. proteus, H. semiaerinus]B26
    |--H. spodiozoniusB26
    |--H. strandiellus Cockerell 1911 [=H. ceylonicus Strand 1910 non Cameron 1902; incl. H. hornianus Strand 1913]B26
    |--H. subglobosus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. subhirtusB26
    |--H. sublustrans Ckll. 1919 [=H. thoracicus sublustrans]B26
    |--H. subopacus [incl. H. baguionis, H. chinae, H. perangulatus]B26
    |--H. subpurpureus Cockerell 1919B26
    |--H. subuaganensis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. sumatranus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. tamulicus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. tenasserimicus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. testaceipes Friese 1914B26
    |--H. tetrazoniusMS01
    |--H. tibetanus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. trichiosulus Strand 1914B26
    |--H. tricinctusR35
    |--H. trincomalicus Cameron 1903B26
    |--H. tristisB26
    |--H. tumulorumMS01
    |--H. tunguensis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. turneri Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. vagansB26
    |--H. validus Bingham 1903B26
    |--H. vanajus Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. varipesB26
    |--H. vernalis Smith 1879B26
    |--H. vestitusB26
    |--H. villosulopsis Blüthgen 1926B26
    |--H. villosulusB26
    |--H. vinctus (Walker 1860) [=Nomia vincta]B26
    |--H. vulpinus [=Andrena vulpina; incl. Melitta fulvocincta, Halictus terebrator]L49
    |--H. xanthopusB26
    |--H. xystonotus [incl. H. xystonotus var. inversa Blüthgen 1926, H. xystonotus var. oligosticta Cockerell 1919]B26
    |--H. zebrusR35
    `--H. zonulusMS01
Nomen nudum: Halictus dimorphus Rayment 1955 [=Lasioglossum (Chilalictus) dimorphum]M65

Halictus albescens Sm. 1853 [incl. H. albicinctus Dalla Torre 1896, H. albozonatus Sm. 1879, H. amblypygus Strand 1914, H. bengalensis Cameron 1903, H. javanensis Strand 1909, H. javanicus Friese 1914, H. luzonicus Strand 1909, H. manilae Ashmead 1904, H. senescens Sm. 1879]B26

Halictus albescens lahorensis Cameron 1902 [incl. H. bryanti Cockerell 1919, H. postlucens Cockerell 1919, H. reepeni Friese 1918, H. salsettensis Cockerell 1911]B26

Halictus cattulus Vach. 1894 [incl. H. centrophorus Strd. 1914, H. chaldaeorum Morice 1921, H. luteitarsellus Strd. 1909, H. micado Strd. 1909, H. nalandicus Strd. 1914, H. philippinensis var. nigritarsellus Ckll. 1919, H. cattulus var. peguanus Vach. 1894, H. philippinensis Ashm. 1905, H. schmiedeknechti Friese 1914, H. statialis Ckll. 1911]B26

Halictus deliensis Strand 1910 [incl. H. eschscholtzi Ckll. 1919, Nomia flavipes Smith 1858 (preoc.), H. latebralis Ckll. 1922, H. manilae Strand 1910 non Ashmead 1904, H. roepkei Friese 1914]B26

Halictus propinquus Smith 1852 [incl. H. abuensis Cameron 1908, H. propinquus var. abuensis, H. alexis Cameron 1897, H. propinquus var. silvatica Blüthgen 1926, H. vicinus]B26

Halictus subauratus (Rossi 1792)B26 [=Apis subaurataB26, Andrena subaurataL02; incl. Halictus gramineus Smith 1849B26, H. meridionalis Morawitz 1873B26, Apis seladonia Fabricius 1794B26, H. virescens Lepeletier 1841B26]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BS23] Blaimer, B. B., B. F. Santos, A. Cruaud, M. W. Gates, R. R. Kula, I. Mikó, J.-Y. Rasplus, D. R. Smith, E. J. Talamas, S. G. Brady & M. L. Buffington. 2023. Key innovations and the diversification of Hymenoptera. Nature Communications 14: 1212.

[B26] Blüthgen, P. 1926. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der indo-malayischen Halictus– und Thrinchostoma-Arten. (Hym. Apidae. Halictini.). Zoologische Jahrbücher: Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 51: 375–698.

[C00] Cockerell, T. D. A. 1900. Observations on bees collected at Las Vegas, New Mexico, and in the adjacent mountains. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 401–416.

[C01] Cockerell, T. D. A. 1901. Contributions from the New Mexico Biological Station.—X. Observations on bees collected at Las Vegas, New Mexico, and in the adjacent mountains. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 125–131.

[E00] Engel, M. S. 2000. Classification of the bee tribe Augochlorini (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 250: 1–89.

[E01] Engel, M. S. 2001. A monograph of the Baltic amber bees and evolution of the Apoidea (Hymenoptera). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 259: 1–192.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[KME08] Kits, J. H., S. A. Marshall & N. L. Evenhuis. 2008. The bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) of Ontario, with a key to the species of eastern Canada. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification 6: 1–52.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle des Fourmis, et recueil de mémoires et d’observations sur les abeilles, les araignées, les faucheurs, et autres insectes. Théophile Barrois père: Paris.

[L49] Lucas, H. 1849. Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842 publiée par ordre du gouvernement et avec le concours d’une commission académique. Sciences physiques. Zoologie. II. Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. Troisième partie. Insectes (suite). Imprimerie Nationale: Paris.

[M65] Michener, C. D. 1965. A classification of the bees of the Australian and South Pacific regions. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 130: 1–362.

[MS01] Mocsáry, A., & V. Szépligeti. 1901. Hymenopterák [Hymenopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 121–169. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[PP19] Palencia, L., E. Peñalver, C. E. Prieto & F. J. Poyato-Ariza. 2019. First fossil harvestmen (Arachnida: Opiliones) from Spain and notes on the fossil record of Opiliones. Palaeontologica Electronica 22.1.5A: 1–18.

[R35] Rayment, T. 1935. A Cluster of Bees: Sixty essays on the life-histories of Australian bees, with specific descriptions of over 100 new species. Endeavour Press: Sydney.

[R13] Reuter, O. M. 1913. Lebensgewohnheiten und Instinkte der Insekten bis zum Erwachen der sozialen Instinkte. R. Friedländer & Sohn: Berlin.

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