Halymeniales

Grateloupia filicina, copyright Diane Littler.

Belongs within: Florideophycidae.

The Halymeniales are red algae possessing a generalised thallus architecture, producing cruciate tetrasporangia, lacking gland cells, and exhibiting alternation of isomorphic generations (Saunders & Kraft 2002).

<==Halymeniales [Cryptonemiales]
    |  i. s.: Carpopeltis phyllophoraSK02
    |         LesleighaSK02
    |         Zymurgia chondriopsideaSK02
    |--Choreocolax [Choreocolacaceae]S57
    |    `--C. polysiphoniae Reinsch 1875S57
    |--Pseudolithothamnium [Peyssoneliaceae]EB93
    |    `--P. album Pfender 1936EB93
    |--EndocladiaceaeS57
    |    |--Endocladia muricata (Harvey) Agardh 1847S57
    |    `--Gloiopeltis furcata (Postels & Ruprecht) Agardh 1851S57
    |--Gloiosiphonia [Gloiosiphoniaceae]S57
    |    |--G. californica (Farlow) Agardh 1885S57
    |    |--G. capillaris (Hudson) Carmichael in Berkeley 1883S57
    |    `--G. verticillaris Farlow 1889S57
    |--Tsengia Fan & Fan 1962 [Tsengiaceae]SK02
    |    |--*T. nakamurae [=Nemastoma nakamurae]SK02
    |    |--‘Platoma’ bairdiiSK02
    |    |--T. comosaSK02
    |    |--T. feredayaeSK02
    |    |--T. laingiiSK02
    |    |--T. lanceolata (Agardh) Saunders & Kraft 2002 [=Nemastoma lanceolatum Agardh 1847]SK02
    |    |--T. lancifoliumSK02
    |    `--T. pulchraSK02
    |--ArchaeolithophyllaceaeVH01
    |    |--Principia Brenckle in Brenckle et al. 1982VH01
    |    |--Eugonophyllum Konishi & Wray 1961VH01
    |    |--Ivanovia Khvorova 1946VH01
    |    |--Kansaphyllum Baars 1992VH01
    |    |--Archaeolithophyllum Johnson 1956VH01
    |    |    `--*A. missouriense Johnson 1956 [=A. missouriensum]VH01
    |    |--Aseelahella Vachard, Hauser et al. 2001VH01
    |    |    `--*A. granieri Vachard, Hauser et al. 2001VH01
    |    `--Anchicodium Johnson 1946VH01
    |         |--A. funile Johnson 1946VH01
    |         |--A. magnum Endo 1951VH01
    |         |--A. robustum Mu 1982VH01
    |         `--A. zhougbaensis Mu 1982VH01
    |--SebdeniaSK02 [SebdeniaceaeHS14]
    |    |--S. flabellata (Agardh) Parkinson 1980HS14
    |    `--S. kallymenioides (Harvey) De Toni 1900 [=Halymenia kallymenioides Harvey 1855]L27
    `--Halymeniaceae [Cryptonemiaceae, Grateloupiaceae]HK90
         |--Thamnoclonium claviferum Agardh 1876S57
         |--AeodesS57
         |    |--A. gardneri Kylin 1925S57
         |    `--A. nitidissima Agardh 1876L27
         |--PrionitisS57
         |    |--P. colensoi Hooker & Harvey 1855 [=Thysanocladia colensoi]L27
         |    |--P. lanceolata Harvey 1853 [=Zanardinula lanceolata]S57
         |    `--P. lyallii Harvey 1862 [=Zanardinula lyallii]S57
         |--PachymeniaL27
         |    |--P. carnosaSK02
         |    |--P. dichotoma Agardh 1876L27
         |    |--P. himantophora Agardh 1876L27
         |    |--P. laciniata Agardh 1876L27
         |    `--P. lusoria (Hooker & Harvey) Agardh 1876 [=Iridaea lusoria Hooker & Harvey 1855]L27
         |--CryptonemiaHSA03
         |    |--C. borealis Kylin 1925S57
         |    |--C. kallymenioidesHK90
         |    |--C. latissima Agardh 1876L27
         |    |--C. obovata Agardh 1876S57
         |    |--C. ovalifolia Kylin 1941S57
         |    |--C. tunaeformisPP64
         |    `--C. undulataHSA03
         |--HalymeniaS57
         |    |--H. californica Smith & Hollenberg 1943S57
         |    |--H. dilatataMS02
         |    |--H. durvillaei Bory de Saint-Vincent 1828BS-V28
         |    |--H. floresii (Clemente) Agardh 1817HS14 [=Fucus floresiusBS-V28]
         |    |--H. ligulataG64
         |    |--H. planaSK02
         |    |--H. polyclada Gepp & Gepp 1905JG19
         |    |--‘Fucus’ proteusBS-V28
         |    `--H. variegata Bory de Saint-Vincent 1828BS-V28
         `--GrateloupiaS57
              |--G. californica Kylin 1941S57
              |--G. caudataL27
              |--G. filicina (Wulf.) Agardh 1851L27
              |    |--G. f. var. filicinaHK90
              |    `--G. f. var. luxuriansHK90
              |--G. imbricata Holmes 1896HJ08
              |--G. pinnata (Postels & Ruprecht) Setchell in Collins, Holden & Setchell 1901S57 [=Nemastoma pinnataL27]
              |    |--G. p. var. pinnataL27
              |    |--G. p. var. daviesii (Hooker & Harvey) Agardh 1876 [=Nemastoma pinnata var. daviesii]L27
              |    `--G. p. var. endiviaefolia (Hooker & Harvey) Agardh 1876 [=Nemastoma pinnata var. endiviaefolia]L27
              |--G. prolifera Agardh 1876L27
              `--G. stipitata Agardh 1876L27

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BS-V28] Bory de Saint-Vincent, J. B. 1828. Voyage Autour du Monde, Exécuté par Ordre du Roi, Sur la Corvette de Sa Majesté, La Coquille, pendant les années 1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825. Botanique. Cryptogamie. Arthus Bertrand: Paris.

[EB93] Edwards, D., J. G. Baldauf, P. R. Brown, K. J. Dorning, M. Feist, L. T. Gallagher, N. Grambast-Fessard, M. B. Hart, A. J. Powell & R. Riding. 1993. ‘Algae’. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 15–40. Chapman & Hall: London.

[G64] Gray, J. E. 1864. Handbook of British Water-weeds or Algae. R. Hardwicke: London.

[HJ08] Huisman, J. M., D. S. Jones, F. E. Wells & T. Burton. 2008. Introduced marine biota in Western Australian waters. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 1–44.

[HK90] Huisman, J. M., G. A. Kendrick, D. I. Walker & A. Couté. 1990. The marine algae of Shark Bay, Western Australia. In: Berry, P. F., S. D. Bradshaw & B. R. Wilson (eds) Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee pp. 89–100. Western Australian Museum.

[HS14] Huisman, J. M., & A. Sampey. 2014. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: marine plants. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 84: 45–67.

[HSA03] Huisman, J. M., A. R. Sherwood & I. A. Abbott. 2003. Morphology, reproduction, and the 18S rRNA gene sequence of Pihiella liagoraciphila gen. et sp. nov. (Rhodophyta), the so-called ‘monosporangial discs’ associated with members of the Liagoraceae (Rhodophyta), and proposal of the Pihiellales ord. nov. Journal of Phycology 39: 978–987.

[JG19] James, D. J., P. T. Green, W. F. Humphreys & J. C. Z. Woinarski. 2019. Endemic species of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Records of the Western Australian Museum 34 (2): 55–114.

[L27] Laing, R. M. 1927. A reference list of New Zealand marine algae. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 126–185.

[MS02] Müller, K. M., A. R. Sherwood, C. M. Pueschel, R. R. Gutell & R. G. Sheath. 2002. A proposal for a new red algal order, the Thoreales. Journal of Phycology 38: 807–820.

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[SK02] Saunders, G. W., & G. T. Kraft. 2002. Two new Australian species of Predaea (Nemastomataceae, Rhodophyta) with taxonomic recommendations for an expanded Nemastomatales and expanded Halymeniales. Journal of Phycology 38: 1245–1260.

[S57] Scagel, R. F. 1957. An annotated list of the marine algae of British Columbia and northern Washington (including keys to genera). National Museum of Canada Bulletin 150: 1–289.

[VH01] Vachard, D., M. Hauser, R. Martini, L. Zaninetti, A. Matter & T. Peters. 2001. New algae and problematica of algal affinity from the Permian of the Aseelah Unit of the Batain Plain (East Oman). Geobios 34 (4): 375–404.

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