Hastula strigilata, photographed by Jan Delsing.

Belongs within: Terebridae.

Hastula is a genus of auger shells in which the feeding apparatus includes a long and eversible labial tube, a relatively large buccal cavity, and a long and retractile buccal tube, together with a poison gland and bulb and a radular sac containing two rows of harpoon-like teeth (Auffenberg & Lee 1988).

Hastula Adams & Adams 1853 [incl. Egentelaria Rehder 1980]BK11
|--H. (Hastula)W94 [incl. Acuminia Dall 1908W94, Hastulina Oyama 1961W94, BK11]
| |--*H. (H.) strigilata (Linnaeus 1758)W94, WG71 (see below for synonymy)
| |--H. (H.) albula (Menke 1843) (see below for synonymy)W94
| |--H. (H.) brazieri (Angas 1871)W94 [=Acuminia brazieriWG71]
| |--H. (H.) colorata Bratcher 1988 [incl. H. veliae Aubry 1991]W94
| |--H. (H.) dispar Deshayes 1859W94
| |--H. (H.) lanceata (Linnaeus 1767)WG71 [=*Acuminia lanceataWG71; incl. H. lanceata oahuensis Pilsbry 1921W94]
| |--H. (H.) matheroniana (Deshayes 1859) (see below for synonymy)W94
| |--H. (H.) penicillata (Hinds 1844)W94 (see below for synonymy)
| |--H. (H.) rufopunctata (Smith 1877) [incl. H. diversa Smith 1901, H. parva Baird 1973]W94
| `--H. (H.) solida (Deshayes 1857) [incl. H. aciculatum Gmelin 1791, H. clarkei Smith 1912]W94
`--H. (Terebrellina) plicatula (Lamarck 1805)TTE93

Hastula incertae sedis:
H. aciculina (Lamarck 1822)AL88
H. alboflava Bratcher 1988BC01
‘Terebra’ bicorona Hutton 1885 [=Acuminia bicorona]F27
‘Terebra’ biplex Hutton 1885 [=Acuminia biplex]F27
H. cinerea (Born 1780)BD12
H. hastata (Gmelin 1791)S11
H. inconstans (Hinds 1844)AL88
H. nitida Hinds 1844WG71
‘Terebra’ orycta Suter 1913 [=Acuminia orycta]F27
‘Terebra’ pareoraensis (Suter 1917) [=Acuminia pareoraensis]F27
H. salleana (Deshayes 1859)AL88
‘Terebra’ sulcata Marshall 1919 [=Acuminia sulcata]F27

Hastula (Hastula) albula (Menke 1843) [incl. Hastula bipartita Deshayes 1859, *Hastulina casta Hinds 1844, Hastula incolor Deshayes 1859, Hastula medipacifica Pilsbry 1921, Hastula mera Hinds 1844]W94

Hastula (Hastula) matheroniana (Deshayes 1859) [incl. H. modesta Deshayes 1859, H. lauta Pease 1869, H. strigilata sumatrana Thiele 1925]W94

Hastula (Hastula) penicillata (Hinds 1844)W94 [incl. H. betsyae Burch 1964W94, H. crossii Deshayes 1859W94, Terebra flexicostataF27, Acuminia venosa Hinds 1844F27, W94]

*Hastula (Hastula) strigilata (Linnaeus 1758)W94, WG71 [=Buccinum strigilatumW94, Terebra strigilataH43; incl. Hastula argenvillii Deshayes 1859W94, H. concinnum Dillwyn 1817W94, H. striatula Kiener 1839W94, H. verreauxi Deshayes 1857W94]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AL88] Auffenberg, K., & H. G. Lee. 1988. A new species of intertidal Terebra from Brazil. Nautilus 102 (4): 154–158.

[BD12] Bandel, K., & D. T. Dockery III. 2012. Protoconch characters of Late Cretaceous Latrogastropoda (Neogastropoda and Neomesogastropoda) as an aid in the reconstruction of the phylogeny of the Neogastropoda. Freiberger Forschungshefte C542 (psf 20): 93–128.

[BK11] Bouchet, P., Y. I. Kantor, A. Sysoev & N. Puillandre. 2011. A new operational classification of the Conoidea (Gastropoda). Journal of Molluscan Studies 77: 273–308.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[H43] Hinds, R. B. 1843. Synopsis of the genus Terebra. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 11: 159–168.

[S11] Simone, L. R. L. 2011. Phylogeny of the Caenogastropoda (Mollusca), based on comparative morphology. Arquivos de Zoologia 42 (4): 161–323.

[TTE93] Tracey, S., J. A. Todd & D. H. Erwin. 1993. Mollusca: Gastropoda. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 131–167. Chapman & Hall: London.

[W94] Wilson, B. 1994. Australian Marine Shells vol. 2. Prosobranch Gastropods. Part Two (Neogastropods). Odyssey Publishing: Kallaroo (Western Australia).

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

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