Haustorioidea

Eohaustorius washingtonianus, copyright Florida Museum of Natural History.

Belongs within: Amphilochidea.
Contains: Urohaustoriidae, Eohaustorius, Urothoidae, Phoxocephalidae, Platyischnopidae.

The Haustoroidea are a Holarctic group of marine amphipods with a short, broad, weakly rostrate head, ‘pseudorostrate’ paired peduncles on antenna 1, weakly or non-dactylate peraeopods and maxilliped, and a strongly deflexed urosome (Bousfield & Hoover 1995).

Haustorioidea [Haustoriidira, Phoxocephaloidea, Pontoporeioidea]R99
|--Priscillina Stebbing 1888B69 [=Priscilla Boeck 1871 (preoc.)B69; PriscillinidaeLM17]
| `--*P. armata (Boeck 1861) [=Pontoporeia armata, *Priscilla armata]B69
`--+--PontoporeiidaeLM17
| |--Monoporeia Bousfield 1979LM17
| | `--M. affinis [=Pontoporeia affinis]VVP01
| |--Diporeia Bousfield 1979LM17
| `--Pontoporeia Krøyer 1842B69
| `--*P. femorata Krøyer 1842B69 [incl. P. furcigera Bruzelius 1859N00]
`--+--+--UrohaustoriidaeLM17
| `--ZobrachoidaeLM17
| |--Zobracho Barnard 1961B69
| | |--*Z. canguro Barnard 1961B69
| | `--Z. kamarooBK91
| |--Bumeralius Barnard & Drummond 1982LM17
| | `--B. buchaliusBK91
| |--Chono Clark & Barnard 1987LM17
| |--Prantinus Barnard & Drummond 1982LM17
| | `--P. talanggiBK91
| `--Tonocote Clark & Barnard 1986LM17
`--+--PhoxocephalopsidaeLM17
| |--Phoxocephalopsis Schellenberg 1931 [incl. Haustoriella Barnard 1931]B69
| | `--*P. zimmeri Schellenberg 1931B69
| |--Eophoxocephalopsis Thurston 1989LM17
| |--Pseudurothoe Ledoyer 1986LM17
| |--Puelche Barnard & Clark 1982LM17
| `--Urothopsis Ledoyer 1968LM17
`--+--+--CheidaeLM17
| | |--Cheus Thurston 1982BK91
| | | `--*C. annae Thurston 1982BK91
| | |--Microcheus Souza-Fihlo 2011LM17
| | `--Ruffosius Souza-Fihlo 2011LM17
| `--+--Condukius Barnard & Drummond 1982BK91 [CondukiidaeLM17]
| | `--*C. karkan Barnard & Drummond 1982BK91
| `--HaustoriidaeLM17
| |--EohaustoriusBH95
| |--Neohaustorius Bousfield 1965B69
| | |--*N. schmitzi Bousfield 1965B69
| | `--N. biarticulatus Bousfield 1965BK91
| |--Lepidactylis Say 1818BK91
| | |--*L. dytiscus Say 1818BK91
| | `--L. triarticulatus Robertson & Shelton 1980BK91
| |--Pseudohaustorius Bousfield 1965B69
| | |--*P. caroliniensis Bousfield 1965B69
| | |--P. americanus (Pearse 1908)BK91
| | `--P. borealis Bousfield 1965BK91
| |--Protohaustorius Bousfield 1965B69
| | |--*P. deichmannae Bousfield 1965B69
| | |--P. bousfieldi Robertson & Shelton 1973BK91
| | `--P. wigleyi Bousfield 1965BK91
| |--Haustorius Můller 1775 (see below for synonymy)B69
| | |--*H. arenarius (Slabber 1769)B69 (see below for synonymy)
| | |--H. algeriensis Mulot 1968BD95
| | `--H. canadensis Bousfield 1962BK91
| |--Parahaustorius Bousfield 1965B69
| | |--*P. longimerus Bousfield 1965B69
| | |--P. attenuatus Bousfield 1965BK91
| | |--P. holmesi Bousfield 1965BK91
| | `--P. obliquus Robertson & Shelton 1978BK91
| `--Acanthohaustorius Bousfield 1965B69
| |--*A. millsi Bousfield 1965B69
| |--A. bousfieldi Frame 1980BK91
| |--A. intermedius Bousfield 1965BK91
| |--A. pansus Thomas & Barnard 1984BK91
| |--A. shoemakeri Bousfield 1965BK91
| |--A. similis Frame 1980BK91
| `--A. spinosus (Bousfield 1962)BK91
`--+--+--Otagia Barnard & Karaman 1991BK91 [OtagiidaeLM17]
| | `--*O. neozelanica (Chilton 1897) [=Platyischnopus neozelanicus]BK91
| `--+--Ipanema Barnard & Thomas 1988BK91 [IpanemidaeLM17]
| | `--*I. talpa Barnard & Thomas 1988BK91
| `--Sinurothoe Ren 1999R99 [SinurothoidaeLM17]
| `--*S. sinensis Ren 1999R99
`--+--UrothoidaeLM17
`--+--PhoxocephalidaeLM17
`--PlatyischnopidaeLM17

Haustorius Můller 1775 [=Bellia Bate 1851 (preoc.), Pterygocerus Latreille 1825, Sulcator Bate 1854]B69

*Haustorius arenarius (Slabber 1769)B69 [=Oniscus arenatiusBK91, Gammarus arenariusL02, Pterygocera arenariaN00, Sulcator arenariusN00]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BD95] Bakalem, A., & J.-C. Dauvin. 1995. Inventaire des crustacés amphipodes (Gammaridea, Caprellidea, Hyperiidea) des costes d’Algérie: essai de synthèse. Mésogée 54: 49–62.

[B69] Barnard, J. L. 1969. The families and genera of marine gammaridean Amphipoda. United States National Museum Bulletin 271: i–vi, 1–535.

[BK91] Barnard, J. L., & G. S. Karaman. 1991. The families and genera of marine gammaridean Amphipoda (except marine gammaroids). Part 1. Records of the Australian Museum Supplement 13 (1): 1–417.

[BH95] Bousfield, E. L., & P. Hoover. 1995. The amphipod superfamily Pontoporeioidea on the Pacific coast of North America. I. Family Haustoriidae. Genus Eohaustorius J. L. Barnard: systematics and distributional ecology. Amphipacifica 2: 35–63.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[LM17] Lowry, J. K., & A. A. Myers. 2017. A phylogeny and classification of the Amphipoda with the establishment of the new order Ingolfiellida (Crustacea: Peracarida). Zootaxa 4265 (1): 1–89.

[N00] Norman, A. M. 1900. British Amphipoda: families Pontoporeidae to Ampeliscidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 326–346.

[R99] Ren X.-Q. 1999. A new family of superfamily Haustoroidea (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Gammaridea) from the China Sea. Chinese Journal of Oceanology & Limnology 17: 344–349.

[VVP01] Väinölä, R., J. K. Vainio & J. U. Palo. 2001. Phylogeography of “glacial relict” Gammaracanthus (Crustacea, Amphipoda) from boreal lakes and the Caspian and White Seas. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 58: 2247–2257.

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