Haustoroidea

Eohaustorius washingtonianus, copyright Florida Museum of Natural History.

Belongs within: Amphipoda.

The Haustoroidea are a Holarctic group of marine amphipods with a short, broad, weakly rostrate head, ‘pseudorostrate’ paired peduncles on antenna 1, weakly or non-dactylate peraeopods and maxilliped, and a strongly deflexed urosome (Bousfield & Hoover 1995).

<==Haustoroidea [Pontoporeioidea] R99
|–Cheidae R99
|–Condukiidae R99
|–Ipanemidae R99
|–Sinurothoe Ren 1999 [Sinurothoidae] R99
|    `–*S. sinensis Ren 1999 R99
|–Cardenio Stebbing 1888 B69 [Cardenioidae R99]
|    `–*C. paurodactylus Stebbing 1888 B69
|–Platyischnopus Stebbing 1888 B69 [Platyischnopidae R99]
|    |–*P. mirabilis Stebbing 1888 B69
|    `–P. gracilipes Schellenberg 1931 [incl. Phoxocephalus capuciatus Oliveira 1955] B69
|–Pontoporeiidae R99
|    |–Monoporeia affinis BH95, VVP01 [=Pontoporeia affinis VVP01]
|    |–Diporeia BH95
|    |–Priscillina Stebbing 1888 BH95, B69 [=Priscilla Boeck 1871 (preoc.) B69]
|    |    `–*P. armata (Boeck 1861) [=Pontoporeia armata, *Priscilla armata] B69
|    `–Pontoporeia Krøyer 1842 B69
|         `–*P. femorata Krøyer 1842 B69 [incl. P. furcigera Bruzelius 1859 N00]
|–Urothoe Dana 1852 B69 [incl. Egidia Costa 1853 B69; Urothoidae R99]
|    |–*U. irrostratus Dana 1853 B69
|    |–U. abbreviata N00
|    |–U. brevicornis Bate 1862 BD95
|    |–U. cuspis R99
|    |–U. elegans Bate 1857 [incl. U. norvegica Boeck 1861] B69
|    |–U. grimaldii Chevreux 1895 BD95
|    |–U. intermedia Bellan-Santini & Ruffo 1986 BD95
|    |–U. marina (Bate 1857) BD95 [=U. marinus (l. c.) BK77; incl. U. bairdii Bate & Westwood 1862 N00]
|    |–U. norvegica Boeck 1876 N00
|    |–U. poseidonis Reibisch 1905 BD95
|    |–U. poucheti N00
|    `–U. pulchella (Costa 1853) BD95 [=Egidia pulchella N00]
`–Haustoriidae BH95
|–Pseudohaustorius Bousfield 1965 B69
|    `–*P. caroliniensis Bousfield 1965 B69
|–Protohaustorius Bousfield 1965 B69
|    `–*P. deichmannae Bousfield 1965 B69
|–Acanthohaustorius Bousfield 1965 B69
|    `–*A. millsi Bousfield 1965 B69
|–Neohaustorius Bousfield 1965 B69
|    `–*N. schmitzi Bousfield 1965 B69
|–Parahaustorius Bousfield 1965 B69
|    `–*P. longimerus Bousfield 1965 B69
|–Urothoides Stebbing 1891 B69
|    `–*U. lachneessa (Stebbing 1888) [=Urothoe lachneessa] B69
|–Haustorius Můller 1775 (see below for synonymy) B69
|    |–*H. arenarius (Slabber 1769) B69 (see below for synonymy)
|    `–H. algeriensis Mulot 1968 BD95
|–Carangolia Barnard 1961 B69
|    |–*C. mandibularis Barnard 1962 B69
|    `–C. puliciformis Barnard 1961 B69
`–Eohaustorius Barnard 1957 BH95
|–*E. washingtonianus (Thorsteinson 1941) [=Haustorius washingtonianus] BH95
|–E. barnardi Bousfield & Hoover 1995 BH95
|–E. brevicuspis Bosworth 1973 BH95
|–E. cheliferus (Bulycheva 1952) [=Haustorius cheliferus, E. heliferus (l. c.)] BH95
|–E. eous (Gurjanova 1951) [=Haustorius eous] BH95
|–E. estuarius Bosworth 1973 BH95
|–E. gurjanovae Bousfield & Hoover 1995 BH95
|–E. longicarpus Bousfield & Hoover 1995 BH95
|–E. robustus (Gurjanova 1953) [=Haustorius eous robustus] BH95
|–E. sawyeri Bosworth 1973 BH95
|–E. sencillus Barnard 1962 BH95
|–E. subulicolus Hirayama 1985 [=E. subulicola] BH95
`–E. tandeensis Dang 1968 BH95

Haustorius Můller 1775 [incl. Bellia Bate 1851 (preoc.), Lepidactylis Say 1818, Pterygocerus Latreille 1825, Sulcator Bate 1854] B69

*Haustorius arenarius (Slabber 1769) B69 [=Oniscus arenarius B69, Gammarus arenarius L02, Pterygocera arenaria N00, Sulcator arenarius N00; incl. Lepidactylis dytiscus Say 1818 N00]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BD95] Bakalem, A., & J.-C. Dauvin. 1995. Inventaire des crustacés amphipodes (Gammaridea, Caprellidea, Hyperiidea) des costes d’Algérie: essai de synthèse. Mésogée 54: 49–62.

[BK77] Barel, C. D. N., & P. G. N. Kramers. 1977. A survey of the echinoderm associates of the north-east Atlantic area. Zoologische Verhandelingen 156: 1–159.

[B69] Barnard, J. L. 1969. The families and genera of marine gammaridean Amphipoda. United States National Museum Bulletin 271: i–vi, 1–535.

[BH95] Bousfield, E. L., & P. Hoover. 1995. The amphipod superfamily Pontoporeioidea on the Pacific coast of North America. I. Family Haustoriidae. Genus Eohaustorius J. L. Barnard: systematics and distributional ecology. Amphipacifica 2: 35–63.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[N00] Norman, A. M. 1900. British Amphipoda: families Pontoporeidae to Ampeliscidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 326–346.

[R99] Ren X.-Q. 1999. A new family of superfamily Haustoroidea (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Gammaridea) from the China Sea. Chinese Journal of Oceanology & Limnology 17: 344–349.

[VVP01] Väinölä, R., J. K. Vainio & J. U. Palo. 2001. Phylogeography of “glacial relict” Gammaracanthus (Crustacea, Amphipoda) from boreal lakes and the Caspian and White Seas. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 58: 2247–2257.

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