Pipe lily Johnsonia pubescens, copyright Philip Bouchard.

Belongs within: Petrosaviidae.
Contains: Dianella.

The Hemerocallidaceae are a group of monocotyledons united by molecular data whose members commonly have semi-equitant leaves, with the upper and lower portions bifacial and the intermediated section unifacial, and exclusively trichotomosulcate pollen (Chase et al. 2000).

<==Hemerocallidaceae [Phormiaceae]
|  i. s.: Excremis CR00
|         Rhuacophila CR00
|         Stypandra Br. 1810 CR00, CC87 [=Styponema Salisb. 1866 CC87]
|           `–*S. glauca Br. 1810 (see below for synonymy) CC87
|         Phormium Forster & Forster 1776 CR00, ME70 [Phormieae]
|           |–*P. tenax Forster & Forster 1776 ME70
|           `–P. cookianum Le Jolis 1848 (see below for synonymy) ME70
|–+–Geitonoplesium cymosum DS04 (see below for synonymy)
|  `–Dianella DS04
`–+–Hemerocallis DS04
|    |–H. fulva (Linnaeus) Linnaeus 1762 HE80
|    `–H. lilio-asphodelus [incl. H. flava (nom. illeg.)] V72
`–Johnsonieae [Johnsoniaceae] CC87
|–Hodgsoniola Muell. 1861 [=Hodgsonia Muell. 1860 non Hook. & Thomson 1854] CC87
|    `–*H. junciformis (Muell.) Muell. 1861 [=*Hodgsonia junciformis Muell. 1860] CC87
|–Stawellia Muell. 1870 CC87
|    |–*S. dimorphantha Muell. 1870 CC87
|    `–S. gymnocephala Diels in Diels & Pritzel 1904 CC87
|–Arnocrinum Endl. & Lehm. in Lehmann 1846 CC87
|    |–*A. drummondii Endl. in Lehmann 1846 [incl. A. glabrum Baker 1879] CC87
|    |–A. gracillimum Keighery 1987 CC87
|    `–A. preissii Lehm. 1846 CC87
|–Hensmania Fitzg. 1903 CC87
|    |–*H. turbinata (Endl.) Fitzg. 1903 (see below for synonymy) CC87
|    |–H. chapmanii Keighery 1987 CC87
|    `–H. stoniella Keighery 1987 CC87
`–Johnsonia Br. 1810 (nom. cons.) DS04, CC87
|–*J. lupulina Br. 1810 [incl. J. lupulina var. robustior Endl. in Lehmann 1846] CC87
|–J. acaulis Endl. in Lehmann 1846 (see below for synonymy) CC87
|–J. inconspicua Keighery 1987 CC87
|–J. pubescens Lindley 1840 (see below for synonymy) CC87
`–J. teretifolia Endl. in Lehmann 1846 [=J. lupulina var. teretifolia (Endl.) Benth. 1878] CC87

Geitonoplesium cymosum DS04 [=Luzuriaga cymosa B78; incl. G. angustifolium B78, G. asperum B78, G. montanum B78, Luzuriaga montana B78]

*Hensmania turbinata (Endl.) Fitzg. 1903 [=Xerotes turbinata Endl. in Lehmann 1846, Lomandra turbinata (Endl.) Ewart 1916] CC87

Johnsonia acaulis Endl. in Lehmann 1846 [=J. hirta var. acaulis (Endl.) Muell. 1870, J. pubescens var. acaulis (Endl.) Domin 1912; incl. J. acaulis var. drummondii Baker 1879, J. pubescens var. drummondii (Baker) Domin 1912, J. pubescens var. intercedens Domin 1912] CC87

Johnsonia pubescens Lindley 1840 [=J. pubescens f. glabra Domin 1912 (nom. illeg.), J. pubescens var. typica Domin 1912 (nom. illeg.); incl. J. hirta var. filifolia Muell. 1870, J. pubescens var. filifolia (Muell.) Benth. 1878, J. hirta Lindley 1840, J. pubescens f. hirta (Lindley) Domin 1912, J. pubescens var. hirta (Lindley) Baker 1879, J. pubescens f. longibracteata Domin 1912, J. longifolia Endl. in Lehmann 1846, J. mucronata Endl. in Lehmann 1846] CC87

Phormium cookianum Le Jolis 1848 [incl. P. colensoi Hook. f. 1864, P. forsterianum Colenso 1844 (n. n.), P. hookeri Gunn ex Hook. f. 1888] ME70

*Stypandra glauca Br. 1810 [=Arthropodium glaucum (Br.) Sprengel 1825; incl. S. frutescens Knowles & Westc. 1838, S. graminea Gand. 1919, S. grandiflora Lindley 1840, S. glauca var. grandiflora (Lindley) Baker 1876, S. imbricata Br. 1810, Arthropodium imbricatum (Br.) Sprengel 1825, S. laeta Gand. 1919, S. latifolia Gand. 1919, S. glauca var. minor Muell. 1870, S. propinqua Cunn. ex Hook. 1835, S. glauca var. propinqua (Cunn. ex Hook.) Baker 1876, S. scoparia Endl. in Lehmann 1846, S. virgata Endl. in Lehmann 1846] CC87

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B78] Bentham, G. 1878. Flora Australiensis: A description of the plants of the Australian Territory vol. 7. Roxburghiaceae to Filices. L. Reeve & Co.: London.

[CR00] Chase, M. W., P. J. Rudall, M. F. Fay & K. L. Stobart. 2000. Xeronemataceae, a new family of asparagoid lilies from New Caledonia and New Zealand. Kew Bulletin 55: 865–870.

[CC87] Clifford, H. T., J. G. Conran, J. B. Williams, R. J. F. Henderson, H. J. Hewson, E. M. Watson, G. J. Keighery, D. M. Churchill, I. R. H. Telford, A. Thongpukdee, N. H. Brittan, A. S. George, W. T. Stearn & T. D. Macfarlane. 1987. Liliaceae. Flora of Australia 45: 148–419.

[DS04] Davis, J. I., D. W. Stevenson, G. Petersen, O. Seberg, L. M. Campbell, J. V. Freudenstein, D. H. Goldman, C. R. Hardy, F. A. Michelangeli, M. P. Simmons, C. D. Specht, F. Vergara-Silva & M. Gandolfo. 2004. A phylogeny of the monocots, as inferred from rbcL and atpA sequence variation, and a comparison of methods for calculating jackknife and bootstrap values. Systematic Botany 29 (3): 467–510.

[HE80] Healy, A. J., & E. Edgar. 1980. Flora of New Zealand vol. 3. Adventive cyperaceous, petalous and spathaceous monocotyledons. P. D. Hasselberg, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[ME70] Moore, L. B., & E. Edgar. 1970. Flora of New Zealand vol. 2. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Monocotyledones except Gramineae. A. R. Shearer, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[V72] Voss, E. G. 1972. Michigan Flora. Part I. Gymnosperms and Monocots. Cranbrook Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium.

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