Hemisarcoptoidea

Hyadesia uncinifer, from Lohmann (1907).

Belongs within: Astigmatina.
Contains: Ensliniellinae.

The Hemisarcoptoidea are a diverse group of astigmatine mites found in various arboreal and aquatic habitats, many being inquilines in nests of Hymenoptera (OConnor 2009).

Characters (from OConnor 2009): Adults with gnathosoma normally formed; chelicerae chelate-dentate, or rarely fixed digit reduced. Subcapitulum and palpi normally formed, rarely elongated. Idiosoma with cuticle smooth, mammillate, microtrichous, or occasionally strongly sclerotised. Propodosomatic sclerite shield-like, sometimes elongate, shortened, or occasionally absent. Ocelli sometimes present on propodosoma. Sejugal furrow present or absent. Dorsal chaetome complete except setae le always absent; paraproctal chaetome complete to strongly reduced. Coxisternal skeleton normally developed; chaetome complete or setae g and/or 4b modified or absent in males. Female with oviporus in form of inverted V, epigynal apodeme often present. Male without paranal suckers; often with modified legs or pretarsi I–II; legs IV strongly modified in some male Algophagidae; males polymorphic in some Chaetodactylidae. Mating position parallel. Leg chaetome always lacking a” and usually ft’ from tarsus I, other reductions common. Pretarsal ambulacra well developed, empodial claws normally developed, enlarged, or absent. Deutonymphs with gnathosomatic remnant variously developed or absent. Idiosoma fusiform or round in outline, well sclerotised, typically with strong pattern of striations, occasionally smooth; propodosomatic ocelli often present; sejugal furrow usually present, rarely absent. Coxisternal skeleton usually normally developed, reduced in some Carpoglyphidae; chaetome complete, or with some or all coxal setae reduced to alveolar vestiges. Attachment organ with ancestral complement of suckers and conoidal setae, strongly reduced in regressive forms. Legs normally developed, or legs IV reduced, lacking pretarsus and with very long tarsal setae; tibia-tarsus IV fused in some; chaetome complete except always lacking a” and ft’ from tarsus I; setal reductions common on tarsus IV. Pretarsi with or without membranous ambulacrum; empodial claws normally present, rarely absent.

<==Hemisarcoptoidea
    |--Meliponocoptes [Meliponocoptidae]O09
    |    `--M. orphanusO09
    |--CarpoglyphidaeO09
    |    |--Pullea Canestrini 1884 (n. d.)H98
    |    |    `--P. discoidalis Canestrini 1884 (n. d.) [=Pultea (l. c.) discoidalis]H98
    |    `--Carpoglyphus Robin 1869H98
    |         |--C. lactis (Linné 1758)DA07 [=Acarus lactisH98]
    |         `--C. neglectusP94
    |--Hemisarcoptidae [Nanacaridae]O09
    |    |--Nanacarus minutus (Oudemans 1901)O09, O28 [=Hypopus minutusO28, Froweinia minutusO28]
    |    |--NanacaroidesO09
    |    |--Linobia coccinellaeO09
    |    `--HemisarcoptesO09
    |         |--H. cooremaniO09
    |         `--H. malus [incl. Acarus translucens Nietner 1863]L86
    |--Hyadesiidae [Hyadesidae, Hyadesinae]O09
    |    |--Amhyadesia Fain & Ganning 1979L90
    |    |    |--*A. glynni (Manson 1963) [=Hyadesia glynni]L90
    |    |    `--A. punctulata Luxton 1989L90
    |    `--Hyadesia Mégnin 1889H98
    |         |  i. s.: H. australiana Fain & Synnot 1981H98
    |         |         H. fusca (Lohmann 1894)N47
    |         |         H. maximaZ99
    |         |         H. nearcticaL84
    |         |         H. sanjuanensisO09
    |         |         H. sellaiS79
    |         |         H. tumidaL89
    |         |         H. vietsiH83
    |         |--H. (Hyadesia)L90
    |         |    |--*H. (H.) uncinifer Mégnin 1891L90
    |         |    |--H. (H.) microseta Luxton 1989L90
    |         |    |--H. (H.) womersleyi Luxton 1989L90
    |         |    `--H. (H.) zelandica Luxton 1984L90
    |         `--H. (Parahyadesia)L90
    |              |--H. (P.) mollis Luxton 1989L90
    |              |--H. (P.) plicata Luxton 1989L90
    |              |--H. (P.) reticulata Luxton 1989L90
    |              `--H. (P.) tesselata Luxton 1989L90
    |--Chaetodactylidae [Chaetodactylinae]O09
    |    |--ChaetodactylusB62
    |    |    |--*C. osmiae (Dufour 1839) [=Trichodactylus osmiae]K62
    |    |    |--C. krombeini Baker 1962B62
    |    |    `--C. ludwigi Trouessart 1904K62
    |    `--Sennertia Oudemans 1905H98
    |         |--S. alfkeni (Oudemans 1900) [=Trichotarsus alfkeni]H98
    |         |--S. cerambycinaO09
    |         |--S. leei Fain 1982H98
    |         |--S. queenslandica Womersley 1941H98
    |         `--S. splendidulaO09
    |--Algophagidae [Algophaginae]O09
    |    |--Lamingtonacarus oreillyorumO09
    |    |--Algophagopsis pneumatica Fain & Johnston 1975FW80
    |    |--Fusohericia lawrenceiO09
    |    |--Neohyadesia signyi Hughes & Goodman 1969FW80
    |    |--Prohericia longipesO09
    |    |--Algophagus Hughes 1955FW80
    |    |    |--*A. antarcticus Hughes 1955FW80
    |    |    |--A. pennsylvanicus Fashing & Wiseman 1980FW80
    |    |    `--A. semicollaris Fain 1974FW80
    |    `--Hericia [Hericiinae]F01
    |         |--H. fermentionisF01
    |         |--H. georgeiF01
    |         `--H. paradoxa Türk & Türk 1957F91
    `--Winterschmidtiidae [Saproglyphidae]O09
         |  i. s.: Winterschmidtia nataliae [incl. Calvolia fraxinae]O09
         |         CongovidiellaP90
         |         EuvidiaP90
         |         Kurosaia jijuO09
         |         Acalvolia squamataO09
         |         Czenspinskia Oudemans 1927H98
         |           `--C. transversostriata (Oudemans 1931) (see below for synonymy)H98
         |         Saproglyphus Berlese 1890H98
         |           `--S. cocciphagus Womersley 1941H98
         |         Psylloglyphus Fain 1966H98
         |           |--P. australiensis Fain et al. 1990H98
         |           `--P. foveolatus Fain & Mason 1989H98
         |         Calvolia Oudemans 1911H98
         |           |--C. glabra Womersley 1941H98
         |           |--C. heterocomus (Michael 1903) [=Tyroglyphus heterocomus]H98
         |           `--C. romanovaeLO91
         `--EnsliniellinaeO09

Czenspinskia transversostriata (Oudemans 1931) [=Donndorffia transversostriata, Calvolia transversostriata]H98

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B62] Baker, E. W. 1962. Natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland. XV. Descriptions of the stages of Chaetodactylus krombeini, new species, a mite associated with the bee, Osmia lignaria Say (Acarina: Chaetodactylidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 75: 227–236.

[DA07] Domes, K., M. Althammer, R. A. Norton, S. Scheu & M. Maraun. 2007. The phylogenetic relationship between Astigmata and Oribatida (Acari) as indicated by molecular markers. Experimental and Applied Acarology 42 (3): 159–171.

[F91] Fashing, N. J. 1991. Deutonymphal dimorphism in the genus Hericia (Astigmata: Algophagidae). In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 287–291. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[F01] Fashing, N. J. 2001. Morphological adaptations associated with mate-guarding behaviour in the genus Hericia (Acari: Algophagidae). In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 176–179. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[FW80] Fashing, N. J., & L. L. Wiseman. 1980. Algophagus pennsylvanicus—a new species of Hyadesidae from water-filled treeholes. International Journal of Acarology 6 (1): 79–84.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H83] Hammen, L. van der. 1983. Contribution to the knowledge of the soil-fauna of New Guinea. Zoologische Verhandelingen 206: 1–36.

[K62] Krombein, K. V. 1962. Natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland. XVI. Biological notes on Chaetodactylus krombeini Baker, a parasitic mite of the megachilid bee, Osmia (Osmia) lignaria Say (Acarina: Chaetodactylidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 75: 237–250.

[LO91] Lehtinen, P. T., & I. Oksala. 1991. Astigmatic and prostigmatic mites of grain stores, mills and sawmills in Finland. In: Schuster, R., & P. W. Murphy (eds) The Acari: Reproduction, development and life-history strategies pp. 519–520. Chapman & Hall: London.

[L86] Lindquist, E. E. 1986. The world genera of Tarsonemidae (Acari: Heterostigmata): a morphological, phylogenetic, and systematic revision, with a reclassification of family-group taxa in the Heterostigmata. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 118 (S136): 1–517.

[L84] Luxton, M. 1984. More marine littoral mites (Acari) from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 18: 291–302.

[L89] Luxton, M. 1989. New taxa of intertidal mites (Acari). Journal of Natural History 23: 407–428.

[L90] Luxton, M. 1990. The marine littoral mites of the New Zealand region. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 20 (4): 367–418.

[N47] Newell, I. M. 1947. A systematic and ecological study of the Halacaridae of eastern North America. Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection 10 (3): 1–232.

[O09] OConnor, B. M. 2009. Cohort Astigmatina. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 565–657. Texas Tech University Press.

[O28] Oudemans, A. C. 1928. Fauna Buruana. Acari. Treubia 7 (Suppl. 2): 37–100.

[P90] Philips, J. R. 1990. Acarina: Astigmata (Acaridida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 757–778. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[P94] Pugh, P. J. A. 1994. Non-indigenous Acari of Antarctica and the sub-Antarctic islands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 110: 207–217.

[S79] Schuster, R. 1979. Soil mites in the marine environment. Recent Advances in Acarology 1: 593–602.

[Z99] Zinkler, D. 1999. Ecophysiological adaptations of soil mites to oxygen deficiency. In: Needham, G. R., R. Mitchell, D. J. Horn & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 2. Symposia pp. 47–51. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *