Hermanniidae

Dorsal view of Hermannia phyllophora, with close-up of leg, photographed by S. E. Thorpe.

Belongs within: Holonota.

The Hermanniidae are a cosmopolitan group of oribatid mites. The best-known species, the Holarctic Hermannia gibba, is an unspecialised feeder on decaying litter and fungi (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009).

Characters (from Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009): Holoid, with epimera II and III fused so that sejugal articulation is only present dorsally; proterosoma not retractable into hysterosoma. Base of bothridial seta with conspicuous sharp proximal d bend. Hysterosoma rather globose, sometimes granulate but without carinae or other strong surface topography; notogaster distinct from ventral region throughout its length, not subdivided transversely. Ventral region of brachypyline type, with adanal and aggenital regions broad, completely fused, aggenital region fused with epimere IV; genital and anal plates closely adjacent. Legs with five free segments past coxisternum, femora undivided; genua similar to tibiae in size and shape, not reduced to kneelike segment.

<==Hermanniidae [Hermannioidea]S04
    |--Galapagacarus Balogh 1985 [Galapagacaridae]S04
    |    `--*G. shatzi Balogh 1985S04
    |--Neohermannia Bayoumi & Mahunka 1979S04
    |    `--*N. trichosa Bayoumi & Mahunka 1979S04
    `--Hermannia Nicolet 1855S04
         |  i. s.: H. ovulum (Haupt 1882) [=Nothrus ovulum]M98
         |         H. sellnickiSC19
         |--H. (Hermannia)S04
         |    |--H. (H.) gibba (Koch 1839) [=Nothrus gibbus; incl. *H. crassipes Nicolet 1855]S04
         |    |--H. (H.) canariensis Pérez-Íñigo & Peña 1996S04
         |    |--H. (H.) clara Sitnikova 1975S04
         |    |--H. (H.) convexa (Koch 1839) (see below for synonymy)S04
         |    |--H. (H.) dentipes Canestrini 1898 (n. d.)S04
         |    |--H. (H.) doliaris (Koch 1839) (n. d.) [=Nothrus doliaris]S04
         |    |--H. (H.) exilis Canestrini 897 (n. d.)S04
         |    |--H. (H.) fungifer Mahunka 1988S04
         |    |--H. (H.) gigantea Sitnikova 1975S04
         |    |--H. (H.) heterotricha Mahunka 1988S04
         |    |--H. (H.) hokkaidensis Aoki & Ohnishi 1974S04
         |    |--H. (H.) jesti Travé 1977S04
         |    |--H. (H.) neotricha Choi 1994S04
         |    `--H. (H.) trinebulosa Riley 1885 (n. d.)S04
         |--H. (Heterohermannia Woas 1992)S04
         |    |--H. (*H.) reticulata Thorell 1871 [incl. H. quadriseriata Banks 1899]S04
         |    |--H. (H.) evidens Pérez-Íñigo 1992S04
         |    |--H. (H.) gracilis Woas 1978S04
         |    |--H. (H.) intermedia Woas 1980S04
         |    |--H. (H.) minuta Woas 1980S04
         |    |--H. (H.) nodosa Michael 1888S04
         |    |--H. (H.) polystriata Woas 1978S04
         |    |--H. (H.) pseudonodosa Woas 1981S04
         |    |--H. (H.) pulchella Willmann 1952S04
         |    |--H. (H.) scabra (Koch 1879) [=Nothrus scaber]S04
         |    |--H. (H.) schusteri Woas 1981S04
         |    |--H. (H.) subglabra Berlese 1910S04
         |    `--H. (H.) woasi Pérez-Íñigo 1992S04
         `--H. (Phyllhermannia Nicolet 1855) [incl. Lawrencoppia Jacot 1936]S04
              |--H. (*P.) phyllophora Michael 1908S04
              |--H. (P.) africana (Balogh 1958) [=Phyllhermannia africana]S04
              |--H. (P.) angulata (Balogh & Mahunka 1966) [=Phyllhermannia angulata]S04
              |--H. (P.) becki (Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1988) [=Phyllhermannia becki]S04
              |--H. (P.) berlesei (Mondal 1984) [=Phyllhermannia berlesei]S04
              |--H. (P.) bimaculata (Hammer 1979) [=Phyllhermannia bimaculata]S04
              |--H. (P.) clavata Mahunka 1985S04
              |--H. (P.) colloffi (Luxton 1991) [=Phyllhermannia colloffi]S04
              |--H. (P.) comparabilis Wet 1993S04
              |--H. (P.) coronata (Mahunka 1991) [=Phyllhermannia coronata]S04
              |--H. (P.) dentata (Trägårdh 1931) [=Phyllhermannia dentata; incl. P. dentata glabra Hammer 1962]S04
              |--H. (P.) dinghuensis Lu & Wang 1995S04
              |--H. (P.) engelbrechti Wet 1993S04
              |--H. (P.) eusetosa (Lee 1985) [=Phyllhermannia eusetosa]S04
              |--H. (P.) exobothridialis Wet 1993S04
              |--H. (P.) exornata (Balogh 1964) [=Phyllhermannia exornata]S04
              |--H. (P.) falklandica (Balogh 1988) [=Phyllhermannia falklandica]S04
              |--H. (P.) foliata (Hammer 1966) [=Phyllhermannia foliata]S04
              |--H. (P.) forsteri (Balogh 1985) [=Phyllhermannia forsteri]S04
              |--H. (P.) foveolata (Sanyal 1990) [=Phyllhermannia foveolata]S04
              |--H. (P.) gladiata (Aoki 1965) [=Phyllhermannia gladiata]S04
              |--H. (P.) javensis (Hammer 1979) [=Phyllhermannia javensis]S04
              |--H. (P.) kanoi Aoki 1959S04
              |--H. (P.) louisiae Wet 1993S04
              |--H. (P.) mauritii (Jacot 1936) [=Lawrencoppia mauritii]S04
              |--H. (P.) modesta (Mahunka 1978) [=Phyllhermannia modesta]S04
              |--H. (P.) mollis (Hammer 1966) [=Phyllhermannia mollis]S04
              |--H. (P.) natalensis Wet 1993S04
              |--H. (P.) nathanaeli Wet 1993S04
              |--H. (P.) neonominata Subías 2004S04 (see below for synonymy)
              |--H. (P.) neotropica Woas 1992S04
              |--H. (P.) notogastralis Wet 1993S04
              |--H. (P.) pacifica (Hammer 1972) [=Phyllhermannia pacifica]S04
              |--H. (P.) pauliani (Balogh 1964) [=Phyllhermannia pauliani]S04
              |--H. (P.) phylliformis Wet 1993S04
              |--H. (P.) pocsi Mahunka 1985 (n. d.)S04
              |--H. (P.) pulchra (Aoki 1973) [=Phyllhermannia pulchra]S04
              |--H. (P.) punctata (Sanyal 1990) [=Phyllhermannia punctata]S04
              |--H. (P.) quadrirotunda (Hammer 1979) [=Phyllhermannia quadrirotunda]S04
              |--H. (P.) rubra (Hammer 1966) [=Phyllhermannia rubra]S04
              |--H. (P.) sculpturata Mahunka 1983S04
              |--H. (P.) serrata (Balogh & Mahunka 1966) [=Phyllhermannia serrata]S04
              |--H. (P.) setiformis Wet 1993S04
              |--H. (P.) similis (Balogh & Mahunka 1967) [=Phyllhermannia similis]S04
              |--H. (P.) spathulata Mahunak 1985S04
              |--H. (P.) tenuiseta (Balogh 1988) [=Phyllhermannia tenuiseta]S04
              |--H. (P.) transvaalensis Wet 1993S04
              |--H. (P.) tremicta (Mahunka 1978) [=Phyllhermannia tremicta]S04
              |--H. (P.) truncata (Wang 1993) [=Phyllhermannia truncata]S04
              `--H. (P.) tuberculata (Covarrubias 1967) [=Phyllhermannia tuberculata]S04

Hermannia (Hermannia) convexa (Koch 1839) [=Nothrus convexus; incl. H. grandis Berlese 1910, Claviceps rugosus Koch 1879]S04

Hermannia (Phyllhermannia) neonominata Subías 2004S04 [=Phyllhermannia mauritii Balogh 1978 non Lawrencoppia mauritii Jacot 1936S04, P. mauritanicaM78]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[M78] Mahunka, S. 1978. Neue und interessante Milben aus dem Genfer Museum XXVII. A first survey of the oribatid (Acari) fauna of Mauritius, Reunion and the Seychelles I. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 85 (1): 177–236.

[M98] Michael, A. D. 1898. Oribatidae. In: H. Lohmann (ed.) Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen vol. 3. Acarina pp. 1–93. R. Friedländer und Sohn: Berlin.

Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[SC19] Schaefer, I., & T. Caruso. 2019. Oribatid mites show that soil food web complexity and close aboveground-belowground linkages emerged in the early Paleozoic. Communications Biology 2: 387.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

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