Salvin’s spiny pocket mouse Liomys salvini, from Laguna de Apoyo.

Belongs within: Castorimorpha.
Contains: Perognathinae, Dipodomys.

The Heteromyidae are a group of rodents found in North America, including the pocket mice, kangaroo mice and kangaroo rats. They share with their close relatives, the Geomyidae (pocket gophers), the presence of externally opening, fur-liked cheek pouches, but they are epigean in habits in contrast to the fossorial geomyids (Hafner & Hafner 1983). Members of the Dipodomyinae, kangaroo mice and kangaroo rats, have developed a ricochetal mode of locomotion, whereas the Perognathinae, pocket mice, and Heteromyinae, spiny pocket mice, retain a plesiomorphic mouse-like appearance.

<==Heteromyidae [Saccomyidae]
    |  i. s.: Prodipodomys tiheni (Hibbard 1943)MH03
    |         Proheteromys bumpiMJ11, TS96
    |  `--DipodomyinaeHH83
    |       |--CupidinimusHH83
    |       |--DipodomysHH83
    |       `--Microdipodops Merriam 1891HH83
    |            |--M. megacephalusHH83
    |            |    |--M. m. megacephalusHD41
    |            |    |--M. m. dickeyiHD37
    |            |    |--M. m. leucotis Hall & Durrant 1941HD41
    |            |    |--M. m. lucidusHD37
    |            |    `--M. m. paululus Hall & Durrant 1941HD41
    |            `--M. pallidusHH83
    |                 |--M. p. pallidusHD37
    |                 `--M. p. albiventer Hall & Durrant 1937HD37
    `--Liomys Merriam 1902 [Heteromyinae]HH83
         |  i. s.: L. annectensG69
         |         L. rostratusG69
         |--+--L. adspersusFS15
         |  `--L. salviniFS15
         |       |--L. s. salviniHY75
         |       `--L. s. vulcaniHY75
         `--+--L. irroratusFS15
            |    |--L. i. irroratus [incl. L. i. yautepecus Goodwin 1956]G69
            |    |--L. i. alleni (Coues 1881)MB86
            |    |--L. i. jaliscensis (Allen 1906)MB86
            |    |--L. i. minorG69
            |    `--L. i. torridusG69
            `--+--+--L. pictusFS15
               |  |    |--L. p. pictusMB86
               |  |    |--L. p. hispidus (Allen 1897)MB86
               |  |    |--L. p. isthmiusG69
               |  |    |--L. p. phaeurusG69
               |  |    `--L. p. veraecrucisG69
               |  `--L. spectabilisFS15
               `--Heteromys Desmarest 1817FS15, HH83 [incl. Saccomys Cuvier 1823HH83]
                    |  i. s.: H. goldmani Merriam 1902QV01
                    |         H. melanoleucusT01
                    |--H. nelsoni Merriam 1902FS15, QV01
                    `--+--+--H. oresterus Harris 1932FS15, QV01
                       |  `--+--H. gaumeri Alen & Chapman 189FS15, QV01
                       |     `--H. oasicusFS15
                       `--+--H. australis Thomas 1901FS15, QV01
                          `--+--H. anomalus (Thompson 1815)FS15, QV01
                             `--+--H. desmarestianus Gray 1868FS15, HH83 (see below for synonymy)
                                |    |--H. d. desmarestianusG69
                                |    `--H. d. griseusG69
                                `--H. teleusFS15

Heteromys desmarestianus Gray 1868FS15, HH83 [incl. H. lepturus Merriam 1902HH83, H. longicaudatus Gray 1868HH83, H. nigricaudatus Goodwin 1956HH83, H. temporalis Goldman 1911HH83]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[FS15] Faurby, S., & J.-C. Svenning. 2015. A species-level phylogeny of all extant and late Quaternary extinct mammals using a novel heuristic-hierarchical Bayesian approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 14–26.

[G69] Goodwin, G. G. 1969. Mammals from the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, in the American Museum of Natural History. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 141 (1): 1–269, 40 pls.

[HH83] Hafner, J. C., & M. S. Hafner. 1983. Evolutionary relationships of heteromyid rodents. In: Biology of Desert Rodents. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs 7: 3–29.

[HD37] Hall, E. R., & S. D. Durrant. 1937. A new kangaroo mouse (Microdipodops) of Utah and Nevada. Journal of Mammalogy 18 (3): 357–359.

[HD41] Hall, E. R., & S. D. Durrant. 1941. Two new kangaroo-mice from Utah. The Murrelet 22 (1): 5–7.

[HY75] Herrin, C. S., & C. E. Yunker. 1975. Systematics of neotropical Hirstionyssus mites with special emphasis on Venezuela (Acarina: Mesostigmata). Brighman Young University Science Bulletin—Biological Series 20 (2): 93–127.

[MH03] Martin, R. A., R. T. Hurt, J. G. Honey & P. Peláez-Campomanes. 2003. Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene rodents fom the northern Borchers Badlands (Meade County, Kansas), with comments on the Blancan-Irvingtonian boundary in the Meade Basin. Journal of Paleontology 77 (5): 985–1001.

[MB86] Matson, J. O. & R. H. Baker. 1986. Mammals of Zacatecas. Special Publications, Museum of Texas Tech University 24: 1–88.

[MJ11] Meredith, R. W., J. E. Janečka, J. Gatesy, O. A. Ryder, C. A. Fisher, E. C. Teeling, A. Goodbla, E. Eizirik, T. L. L. Simão, T. Stadler, D. L. Rabosky, R. L. Honeycutt, J. J. Flynn, C. M. Ingram, C. Steiner, T. L. Williams, T. J. Robinson, A. Burk-Herrick, M. Westerman, N. A. Ayoub, M. S. Springer & W. J. Murphy. 2011. Impacts of the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution and KPg extinction on mammal diversification. Science 334: 521–524.

[QV01] Quintero, M. M. T., M. Vargas, B. S. Hernández, P García & N. J. Otero. 2001. Ectoparasitic mites on Heteromys gaumeri in the south of Yucatan, Mexico. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 583–585. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[TS96] Tedford, R. H., J. B. Swinehart, C. C. Swisher III, D. R. Prothero, S. A. King & T. E. Tierney. 1996. The Whitneyan-Arikareean transition in the High Plains. In: Prothero, D. R., & R. J. Emry (eds) The Terrestrial Eocene–Oligocene Transition in North America pp. 312–334. Cambridge University Press.

[T01] Thomas, O. 1901. New South-American Sciuri, Heteromys, Cavia, and Caluromys. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 192–196.

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