Heteropoda

Banana spider Heteropoda venatoria, copyright Vaikoovery.

Belongs within: Sparassidae.

Heteropoda is a diverse genus of huntsman spiders found primarily in Asia and Australia, with a single cosmopolitan species H. venatoria.

Characters (from Jäger & Kunz 2005): Chelicerae with three anterior teeth, four posterior teeth, anterior and posterior teeth of similar size, cheliceral furrow with substantial number of denticles; male embolus running in flat semicircle with distal part resting in sheath-like conductor; female vulva with coils restricted to central part.

<==Heteropoda Latreille 1804J08 (see below for synonymy)
    |--*H. venatoria (Linnaeus 1767)JK05 (see below for synonymy)
    |--H. acuta Davies 1994D94
    |--H. alta Davies 1994D94
    |--H. altmannae Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. amphora Fox 1936J08
    |--H. atriventris Chrysanthus 1965J08
    |--H. bellendenker Davies 1994D94
    |--H. belua Jäger 2005J08
    |--H. binnaburra Davies 1994D94
    |--H. boiei (Doleschall 1859) (see below for synonymy)J08
    |--H. bulburin Davies 1994D94
    |--H. cavernicola Davies 1994D94
    |--H. cervina (Koch 1875) [=Sarotes cervinus; incl. H. keyserlingi Hoog 1902]D94
    |--‘Panaretus’ chelatus Strand 1910 [incl. P. c. var. vittichelis Strand 1910]S10
    |--H. christae Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. conwayensis Davies 1994D94
    |--H. cooki Davies 1994D94
    |--H. cooloola Davies 1994J08
    |--H. crediton Davies 1994J08
    |--H. dagmarae Jäger & Vedel 2005J08
    |--H. davidbowie Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. distincta Davies 1994J08
    |--H. duan Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. eluta Karsch 1892K92
    |--H. emarginata [=Aranea emarginata]C01
    |--H. ernstulrichi Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. erythra Chrysanthus 1965J08
    |--H. eungella Davies 1994D94
    |--H. fischeri Jäger 2005J08
    |--H. forcipataS94
    |--H. goonaneman Davies 1994J08
    |--H. gordonensis Davies 1994D94
    |--H. graaflandi Strand 1907J98
    |--H. grooteeylandt Davies 1994D94
    |--H. helge Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. hermitis (Hogg 1914) [=Olios hermitis]D94
    |--H. hildebrandti Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. hillerae Davies 1994J08
    |--H. hippie Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. hirsti Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. holoventris Davies 1994D94
    |--H. holzi Strand 1907J98
    |--H. homstu Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. ignichelis (Simon 1880) [=Panaretus ignichelis]J08
    |--H. jacobii Strand 1910S10
    |--H. jaegerorum Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. jasminae Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. javana (Simon 1880) [=Panaretus javanus]J08
    |--H. jugulans (Koch 1876) [=Sarotes jugulans]J08
    |--H. kalbarri Davies 1994D94
    |--H. laai Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. laurae Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. listeri Pocock 1900FT08
    |--H. loderstaedti Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. longipes (Koch 1875) [=Sarotes longipes]D94
    |--H. marillana Davies 1994D94
    |--H. martinae Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. martusa Jäger 2000J08
    |--H. maxima Jäger 2001J08
    |--H. mecistopus Pocock 1898J08
    |--H. meriani Jäger 2008 [=H. venatoria montana Merian 1911 non H. sumatrana var. montana Thorell 1890]J08
    |--H. mindiptanensis Chrysanthus 1965J08
    |--H. monroei Davies 1994D94
    |--H. montana Thorell 1890 [=H. sumatrana var. montana]J08
    |--H. monteithi Davies 1994J08
    |--H. mossman Davies 1994D94
    |--H. muscicapa Strand 1910S10
    |--H. nagarigoon Davies 1994D94
    |--H. ninahagen Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. nobilis [=Sarotes nobilis; incl. S. suspiciosus, Heteropoda suspiciosa]D94
    |--H. novaguineensis Strand 1910S10
    |--H. onoi Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. pakawini Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. panaretiformis Strand 1906J98
    |--H. parva Jäger 2000J08
    |--H. pingtungensis Zhu & Tso 2006J08
    |--H. planiceps (Pocock 1897)J08
    |--H. procera (Koch 1867) [=Ocypete procera, Sarotes procerus]D94
    |--H. raveni Davies 1994D94
    |--H. regalis (Roewer 1938) [=Pandercetes regalis]J08
    |--H. reinholdae Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. renibulbis Davies 1994D94
    |--H. richlingi Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. robusta Fage 1924J08
    |--H. rubraD94
    |--H. rundle Davies 1994J08
    |--H. sarotoidesD94
    |--H. sartrix (Koch 1865)D94
    |--H. schlaginhaufeni Strand 1910S10
    |--H. schwalbachorum Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. silvatica Davies 1994J08
    |--‘Sarotes’ similaris Rainbow 1898M72
    |--H. spenceri Davies 1994D94
    |--H. spurgeon Davies 1994D94
    |--H. squamacea Wang 1990 [incl. H. bifurcata Wang et al. 2002]J08
    |--H. submaculata [incl. H. submaculata var. torricelliana Strand 1910]S10
    |--H. subtilis Karsch 1892K92
    |--H. sumatrana Thorell 1890J08
    |--H. tetrica Thorell 1897J08
    |--H. thoracica (Koch 1845) [incl. Isopeda beccarii malangana Strand 1907]J98
    |--H. udolindenberg Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. uexkuelli Jäger 2008J08
    |--H. umbrata Karsch 1892K92
    |--H. variegata (Simon 1874)JK05 [=*Ethilla variegataD94]
    |--H. vespersa Davies 1994D94
    |--H. warrumbungle Davies 1994D94
    |--H. willunga Davies 1994J08
    `--H. zuviele Jäger 2008J08

Heteropoda Latreille 1804J08 [incl. Adrastis Simon 1880J08, Ethilla Simon 1874D94, Ocypete Koch 1836 non Leach 1814D94, Panaretidius Simon 1906J08, Panaretus Simon 1880J08, Parhedrus Simon 1887J08, Sarotes Sundevall 1833D94, Torania Simon 1886J08]

Heteropoda boiei (Doleschall 1859) [=Sparassus boiei, Parhedrus boiei; incl. Adrastis atomaria Simon 1880, Heteropoda flavimana Simon 1880]J08

*Heteropoda venatoria (Linnaeus 1767)JK05 [=Aranea venatoriaR13; incl. Olios leucosius Walckenaer 1837D94, Sparassus pallens Fabricius 1794J99, Ocypete pallensJ99, Aranea regia Fabricius 1793R13, Heteropoda regiaR13, *Sarotes regiusD94, Micrommata setulosa Perty 1833D94, *Ocypete setulosaD94]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[C01] Cambridge, F. O. P. 1901. A revision of the genera of the Araneae or spiders with reference to their type species. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 51–65.

[D94] Davies, V. T. 1994. The huntsman spiders Heteropoda Latreille and Yiinthi gen. nov. (Araneae: Heteropodidae) in Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 35 (1): 75–122.

[FT08] Framenau, V. W., & M. L. Thomas. 2008. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean): identification and distribution. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 45–85.

[J98] Jäger, P. 1998. Das Typenmaterial der Spinnentiere (Arachnida: Acari, Amblypygi, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpiones, Scorpiones, Uropygi) aus dem Museum Wiesbaden. Jahrbuecher des Nassauischen Vereins fuer Naturkunde 119: 81–91.

[J99] Jäger, P. 1999. Sparassidae—the valid scientific name for the huntsman spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 17: 1–10.

[J08] Jäger, P. 2008. Revision of the huntsman spider genus Heteropoda Latreille 1804: species with exceptional male palpal conformations from southeast Asia and Australia (Arachnida, Araneae, Sparassidae, Heteropodinae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (2): 239–310.

[JK05] Jäger, P., & D. Kunz. 2005. An illustrated key to genera of African huntsman spiders (Arachnida, Araneae, Sparassidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (2): 163–213.

[K92] Karsch, F. 1892. Arachniden von Ceylon und von Minikoy gesammelt von den Herren Doctoren P. und F. Sarasin. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 36 (2): 267–310.

[M72] Monroe, R. 1972. Chelicerate type-specimens in the Queensland Museum. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 16 (2): 291–307.

[R13] Rainbow, W. J. 1913. Arachnida from the Solomon Islands. Records of the Australian Museum 10 (1): 1–16.

[S94] Shimizu, A. 1994. Phylogeny and classification of the family Pompilidae (Hymenoptera). Tokyo Metropolitan University Bulletin of Natural History 2: 1–142.

[S10] Strand, E. 1910. Spinnentiere aus Neuguinea (Opiliones, Psechridae und Clubionidae) gesammelt von Dr. Schlaginhaufen. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Königl. Zoologischen und Anthropologisch-Ethnographischen Museums zu Dresden 13 (5): 1–16.

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