Heterotremata

Warty crab Eriphia verrucosa, from here.

Belongs within: Brachyura.
Contains: Gecarcinucidae, Portunidae, Trichodactylidae, Geryonidae, Cancridae, Atelecyclidae, Hymenosomatidae, Inachidae, Epialtidae, Majidae, Pisidae, Parthenopidae, Dorippoidea, Leucosiidae, Calappidae, Xanthidae, Trapeziidae, Panopeidae, Goneplacidae, Menippidae, Pilumnidae.

The Heterotremata are a diverse group of crabs, characterised by having the male gonopores coxal and the female gonopores sternal. Whether the Heterotremata are a monophyletic group, or paraphyletic with regard to the Thoracotremata (in which both sexes have sternal gonopores), remains an open question. In members of the group Oxyrhyncha, the carapace is more or less narrowed anteriorly and often produced to form a pseudorostrum (Bennett 1964). In the Oxystomata, the buccal area is produced anteriorly to form a gutter but there is no rostrum.

<==HeterotremataMD01
    |--PortunoideaCA04
    |    |--PortunidaeB64
    |    |--TrichodactylidaeMD01
    |    `--GeryonidaeMD01
    |--Cancroidea [Cancridea]CA04
    |    |--CancridaeB64
    |    |--AtelecyclidaeCA04
    |    |--CheiragonidaeMD01
    |    |    |--Telmessus cheiragonus (Tilesius 1812)MD01, G10
    |    |    `--Erimacrus isenbeckiiMD01, PH03
    |    |--ThiaB02 [ThiidaeMD01]
    |    |    |--T. blainvillia Risso 1826R26
    |    |    |--T. politaM62
    |    |    `--T. scutellata (Fabricius 1793) [=Hippa scutellata, Albunea scutellata, Lepidopa scutellata]B02
    |    `--CorystidaeMD01
    |         |--Gomeza bicornis Gray 1831MG-H11
    |         |--JonasMG-H11
    |         |--AcanthocyclusB64
    |         `--Corystes Latreille 1802L02
    |              `--C. cassivelaunus (Pennant 1777)B02 (see below for synonymy)
    |--Oxyrhyncha [Oxyrhynchi, Oxyrynchi]J90
    |    |--HymenosomatidaeMD01
    |    |--MajoideaMD01
    |    |    |--TychidaeMD01
    |    |    |--InachidaeTF08
    |    |    |--EpialtidaeTF08
    |    |    |--MajidaeB64
    |    |    |--PisidaeBF07
    |    |    `--PyromaiaHJ08 [InachoididaeMD01]
    |    |         `--P. tuberculata (Lockington 1877)HJ08
    |    `--ParthenopoideaMD01
    |         |--ParthenopidaeB64
    |         |--DairaTSH09 [DairidaeMD01]
    |         |    `--D. perlata (Herbst 1790)TSH09
    |         `--AethridaeMD01
    |              |--Aethra scruposa (Linnaeus 1764)TSH09
    |              |--Actaeomorpha erosa Miers 1877MG-H11
    |              `--Drachiella sculpta (Haswell 1879)MG-H11
    |--OxystomataJ90
    |    |  i. s.: Lissa chiragra (Fabricius 1775)H04, KK03
    |    |         ‘Macropus’ Latreille 1802 non Shaw 1790L02
    |    |           |--*M. phalangium [=Inachus phalangium]L02
    |    |           `--M. longirostris [=Maja (Macropus) longirostris]G20
    |    |--DorippoideaJ90
    |    |--LeucosioideaMD01
    |    |    |--LeucosiidaeMD01
    |    |    `--MatutaL02 [MatutidaeMD01]
    |    |         |--M. granulosa Miers 1877J90
    |    |         |--M. inermis Miers 1884J90
    |    |         |--M. lunaris (Forskål 1775)J90
    |    |         |--M. planipes Fabricius 1798J90
    |    |         `--M. victorL02
    |    `--CalappoideaSL03
    |         |--CalappidaeJ90
    |         |--‘Hepatus’ Latreille 1802 non Gronow 1765L02 [HepatidaeMD01]
    |         |    |--*H. angustatus [=Calappa angustata]L02
    |         |    |--H. fasciatus [=Cancer (Hepatus) fasciatus]G20
    |         |    `--H. pudibundus (Herbst 1785)BF07
    |         `--Necrocarcinidae [Necrocarcininae]SL03
    |              |--Cenomanocarcinus Van Straelen 1936CF06
    |              |--Orithopsis Carter 1872SL03
    |              |    `--‘Geryon’ hadjoulae Roger 1946SL03
    |              `--Necrocarcinus Bell 1863CF06
    |                   |--N. siouxensis Feldmann, Awotua & Welshenbaugh 1976CF06
    |                   `--N. tricarinatus Bell 1863 [incl. Orithopsis bonneyi Carter 1872]BWW93
    `--XanthoideaCA04
         |  i. s.: Planopilumnus Balss 1933NT85
         |           `--P. spongiosus (Nobili 1905) [=Pilumnus spongiosus]NT85
         |         XanthidaeB64
         |         PlatyxanthidaeMD01
         |         PseudorhombilidaeMD01
         |         TrapeziidaeMD01
         |         CarpiliidaeMD01
         |           |--Caloxanthus americanus Rathbun 1935BWW93
         |           `--CarpiliusMG-H11
         |                |--C. convexus (Forskål 1775)MG-H11
         |                |--C. corallinusAH81
         |                `--C. maculatusAH81
         |         Hexapodidae [Hexapodinae]MD01
         |           |--Hexaplax megalops Doflein 1904MG-H11
         |           `--Goniocypoda Woodward 1867BWW93
         |                `--G. tessieri Remy 1954BWW93
         |         DomeciidaeTSH09
         |           |--JonesiusMD01
         |           |--PalmyriaMD01
         |           |--MaldiviaMD01
         |           `--DomeciaMD01
         |                |--D. glabra Alcock 1899TSH09
         |                `--D. hispida Eydoux & Souleyet 1842TSH09
         |         PanopeidaeMG-H11
         |         Chasmocarcinidae [Chasmocarcininae]MG-H11
         |           |--Chasmocarcinus Rathbun 1898CA04
         |           |--Camatopsis rubida Alcock & Anderson 1899MG-H11
         |           `--Megaesthedius sagedae Rathbun 1909MG-H11
         |--GoneplacidaeMD01
         `--HyperomeristaB64
              |--MenippidaeB64
              |--PilumnidaeB64
              `--Eriphia Latreille 1817B55 [Eriphiidae, EriphiinaeB64]
                   |--E. gonagraHN-F08
                   |--E. prismaticus Risso 1826R26
                   |--E. scabricula Dana 1852TSH09
                   |--E. sebana (Shaw & Nodder 1803)TSH09
                   |--E. smithiAH81
                   |--E. spinifronsPP64
                   |--E. squamata Stimpson 1859B55
                   `--E. verrucosa (Forsskål 1775)KK03
Heterotremata incertae sedis:
  Secretanella Guinot & Tavares 2001GT01
    `--*S. arcuata (Secretan 1964) [=Xanthosia arcuata]GT01
  Bythograeidae [Bythograeoidea]MD01
  Belliidae [Bellioidea]MD01
  HapalocarcinusTSH09 [CryptochiridaeMD01, Cryptochiroidea, Hapalocarcinidae]
    `--H. marsupialis Stimpson 1859TSH09
  Retroplumidae [Retroplumoidea]MD01
    |--Retropluma quadrataMG-H11
    `--Archaeopus antennatus Rathbun 1908BWW93
  GecarcinucidaeMD01
  CarcineretidaeBWW93
    |--Withersella crepitans (Wright & Collins 1972)BWW93
    `--Ophthalmoplax Rathbun 1935BWW93
         `--O. stephensoni Rathbun 1935BWW93
  CostacoplumidaeBWW93
    |--Costacopluma concava Collins & Morris 1975BWW93
    `--Retrocypoda almelai Via 1959BWW93

Corystes cassivelaunus (Pennant 1777)B02 [=Cancer cassivelaunusB02; incl. Hippa dentata Fabricius 1793B02, Albunea dentataB02, Euryala denataB02, Leucosia (*Corystes) dentataG20, L02, Cancer personatus Herbst 1785 non Linnaeus 1758B02, Albunea personataB02]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AH81] Abele, L. G., K. L. Heck, Jr, D. S. Simberloff & G. J. Vermeij. 1981. Biogeography of crab claw size: assumptions and a null hypothesis. Systematic Zoology 30 (4): 406–424.

[B64] Bennett, E. W. 1964. The marine fauna of New Zealand: Crustacea Brachyura. New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research Bulletin 153: 1–120.

[B55] Bott, R. 1955. Dekapoden (Crustacea) aus El Salvador. 2. Litorale Dekapoden, außer Uca. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 45–70.

[B02] Boyko, C. B. 2002. A worldwide revision of the recent and fossil sand crabs of the Albuneidae Stimpson and Blepharipodidae, new family (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Hippoidea). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 272: 1–396.

[BF07] Braga, A. A., A. Fransozo, G. Bertini & P. B. Fumis. 2007. Bathymetric distribution and recruitment of the spider crab Libinia spinosa H. Milne Edwards 1834 in the Ubatuba and Caraguatatuba regions, northern coast of São Paulo, Brazil (Crustacea, Brachyura, Majoidea, Pisidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 87 (1): 7–16.

[BWW93] Briggs, D. E. G., M. J. Weedon & M. A. Whyte. 1993. Arthropoda (Crustacea excluding Ostracoda). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 321–342. Chapman & Hall: London.

[CA04] Casadío, S., A. de Angeli, R. M. Feldmann, A. Garassino, J. L. Hetler, A. Parras & C. E. Schweitzer. 2004. New decapod crustaceans (Thalassinidea, Galatheoidea, Brachyura) from the Middle Oligocene of Patagonia, Argentina. Annals of Carnegie Museum 73 (2): 25–47.

[CF06] Crawford, R. S., R. F. Feldmann, D. A. Waugh, B. M. Kelley & J. G. Allen. 2006. Decapod crustaceans from the Maastrichtian Fox Hills formation. Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History 47 (1–2): 3–28.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[G10] Grigoryeva, N. I. 2010. Seasonal dynamics of the crab larvae in Minonosok Inlet (Posyet Bay, Peter the Great Bay, the Sea of Japan) in 2000–2004. In: China-Russia Bilateral Symposium: Proceedings of the China-Russia Bilateral Symposium of “Comparison on Marine Biodiversity in the Northwest Pacific Ocean”, 10–11 October 2010, Qingdao (China) pp. 155–164. Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; A. V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

[GT01] Guinot, D., & M. Tavares. 2001. Une nouvelle famille de crabes du Crétacé, et la notion de Podotremata Guinot, 1977 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura). Zoosystema 23 (3): 507–546.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[HN-F08] Hirose, G. L., & M. L. Negreiros-Franzoso. 2008. Growth and juvenile development of Uca maracoani Latreille 1802–1803 in laboratory conditions (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Ocypodidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (2): 161–168.

[HJ08] Huisman, J. M., D. S. Jones, F. E. Wells & T. Burton. 2008. Introduced marine biota in Western Australian waters. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 1–44.

[J90] Jones, D. S. 1990. Annotated checklist of marine decapod Crustacea from Shark Bay, Western Australia. In: Berry, P. F., S. D. Bradshaw & B. R. Wilson (eds) Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee pp. 169–208. Western Australian Museum.

[KK03] Kocataş, A., & T. Katağan. 2003. The decapod crustacean fauna of the Turkish seas. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 63–74.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[MD01] Martin, J. W., & G. E. Davis. 2001. An updated classification of the Recent Crustacea. Natural History Museum Los Angeles County, Science Series 39: 1–124.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[M62] Monniot, F. 1962. Recherches sur les graviers a Amphioxus de la région de Banyuls-sur-Mer. Vie et Milieu 13: 231–322.

[NT85] Ng, P. K. L., & L. W. H. Tan. 1985. Globopilumnus multituberosus Garth & Kim, 1983—a new record for Australia (Decapoda: Crustacea: Menippidae). Records of the Australian Museum 36: 127–129.

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[PH03] Pinheiro, M. A. A., & G. Y. Hattori. 2003. Embryology of the mangrove crab Ucides cordatus (Brachyura: Ocypodidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology 23 (3): 729–737.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

[SL03] Schweitzer, C. E., K. J. Lacovara, J. B. Smith, M. C. Lamanna, M. A. Lyon & Y. Attia. 2003. Mangrove-dwelling crabs (Decapoda: Brachyura: Necrocarcinidae) associated with dinosaurs from the Upper Cretaceous (Cenomanian) of Egypt. Journal of Paleontology 77 (5): 888–894.

[TF08] Teixeira, G. M., V. Fransozo, A. L. Castilho, R. C. da Costa & F. A. d. M. Freire. 2008. Size distribution and sex ration in the spider crab Epialtus brasiliensis (Dana 1852) associated with seaweed on a rocky shore in southeastern Brazil (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Majoidea, Epialtidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (2): 169–175.

[TSH09] Titelius, M. A., A. Sampey & C. G. Hass. 2009. Crustaceans of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, north Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 145–176.

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